Bay State Perennial Farm






Acer pal diss Waterfall 400

Acer palmatum dissectum ‘Waterfall’, fall foliage.

Abelia x Sweet Emotion®  New 2018   Hardy, spring blooming with showy clusters of trumpet-shaped white flowers that open from dark, reddish pink buds. Early spring blooming, mid to late April into May, strongly fragrant. 3'-6' tall with an equal spead, usually reaching only 3'-4' in the north. Blooms on old wood so should be pruned immediately after flowering has ended. The best practice is to routinely prune back every year to maintain a neat habit. The attractive small, airy foliage contributes appealing textural contrast in the shrub and perennial border. For sun to light shade with average or better, reasonably moist soil. Attracts hummingbirds, butterflies. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Abeliophyllum d Roseum 175

Abeliophyllum distichum ‘Roseum’     Sometimes referred to as the "Pink Forsythia", because of its early pink, forsythia-like flowers that appear before the leaves in early April. Flowers quickly fade to white. Grows 3 to 5' tall with an equal spread and is valued for its early, pink bloom. One of the few shrubs in bloom when we open in early April, so it’s the focus of lots attention from nursery visitors. Benefits from a hard pruning after flowering. Easy in most soils, but full sun to light shade yields the best bloom. Zone 5.

Acanthopanax sieboldianus 'Variegatus' (Variegated Five Leaf Aralia)  See under Eleutherococcus sieboldianus. 

Acer griseum (Paperbark Maple)    (Paperbark Maple)  A small, slow-growing tree, 20 -30', giving year round landscape pleasure, with an oval to rounded habit, pleasing dark green foliage, showy red fall color, and lovely exfoliating bark. Its unrivalled aesthetic qualities develop at a young age—even at 2 years old it starts to display distinct patterns in rich shades of brown, tan, and reddish brown on its trunk. Zone 5.

    palmatum ‘Emperor I’ & ‘Red Emperor’ (same plant)      This very vigorous selection has dark purple-red leaves that rival and even exceed those of ‘Bloodgood’, and, it holds its leaf color well, right through the season, even in light shade. Because this selection leafs out 2 weeks later than most other palmatum types, it is less subject to new leaf damage from late spring frosts. Vigorous growing to 20-25’ tall with an equal spread and with an upright, wide, vase-shaped habit. Winter stems darken to nearly black and provide additional landscape interest. Excellent as a small specimen lawn tree and in shrub borders. Attractive and reliable and highly regarded throughout the nursery industry.

    palmatum ‘Sangu Kaku’      Brilliant coral bark is the outstanding feature of this maple whose name translates to “Coral Tower”. At times the color seems almost fluorescent, being most brilliant in the fall and intensifying even more in winter. Leaves are green with maroon margins on emerging. Habit is broad/upright reaching 25ft. at maturity.

    palmatum ‘Shishigashira’ New 2018    Slow growing with branches closely-packed and leaves similarly tightly arranged on the branches. Leaves are small, of very thick texture and exceptionally dark green, remaining so without scorching even in full sun. Fall color is a striking combination of gold, rose and crimson tones. Though slow growing, plants may reach 15’ tall at maturity, possibly higher in time. Highly admired by collectors of Japanese Maples and eagerly sought out as a bonsai subject. Has been in cultivation for over one hundred years.

    palmatum dissectum ‘Crimson Queen’    Very lacy, intricate, deeply dissected leaves of deep red color that persists throughout the summer even under very warm temperatures in full sun. Possibly turning orange red during the hottest part of summer but showing almost no leaf burn. Mature height is 8-10' and wide spreading with a graceful, cascading form. One of the best dissectum types.

    palmatum dissectum ‘Flavescens’ New 2018   leaves are delicate, with lobes deeply divided and sharply serrated. Spring and early summer leaf color is a unique shade of yellow green, very distinctive and different. Leaves become darker green in summer and then turn yellow/orange in fall. A vigorous grower, developing a pendulous habit typical of dissectum types, 6’ tall by 9’ wide. If trained to as a single stem, the cascading effect is more pronounced.

    palmatum dissectum ‘Garnet’     Leaves are a rich red-orange color, deeply divided into seven lobes. Color is best in sun and persists well through summer. In less than full sun leaves assume a greenish cast. Vigorous growing to around 12' with a lovely spreading, pendulous habit. Faster growing than many cultivars, so presents a good choice where a larger plant in less time is desired.

    palmatum dissectum ‘Orangeola’     One of the best cascading cultivars especially noteworthy for the brilliant color of its delicate, deeply dissected leaves. New spring foliage is bright orange/red with a hint of orange ever-present even as the leaves turn a dark reddish green in summer. In mid summer, the color gets kicked up a notch with a reinvigorating infusion of orange creating a two-toned effect with the dark summer colors and, then, with the approach of fall, yet another exciting color change takes place with the leaves becoming dark red before exiting in a flurry of fiery orange/red! The fall foliage is retained longer than on most other cultivars. 'Orangeola' is relatively small compared to other dissectums with mature plants being 9' tall. Habit is more upright and less spreading creating a mound of cascading foliage.

    palmatum dissectum ‘Waterfall’    A weeping form with layers of pendulous branches covered with bright green, deeply lobed, threadlike leaves. Makes a terrific specimen and is especially effective when used near a water garden. In fall the foliage turns bright yellow. Grows 6-8 feet tall and 8-10 feet wide after many years.

    pseudosieboldianum      A handsome maple that closely resembles Japanese Maples, so similar that they are difficult to differentiate without close attention to detail. Habit is upright with a mature height of 15-20ft. Foliage is deep green during the season and spectacular in shades of orange, scarlet and crimson in fall. This is an excellent substitute for Acer palmatum varieties in northern areas where the hardiness of the latter may be problematic. An excellent, smaller landscape tree that should definitely be in the mix when looking for that distinctive Japanese Maple look. Hardy through zone 4a, and likely colder. Have yet to read a negative report about this tree.

    shirasawanum ‘Aureum’    Beautifully formed, broad, palm-shaped leaves with a hint of the exotic open a delicate pale yellow, mature to luminous golden green boldly edged in scarlet, finally becoming completely fiery red in fall.  Slow growing with a rounded, compact habit, after many years possibly reaching 20’ in height with an equal width. Place in morning sun with afternoon shade, with rich, evenly moist but well-drained soil. An outstanding small tree that’s a cut above the rest!

Acer shirasawanum Autumn Moon 175 best

shirasawanum ‘Autumn Moon’   A beautiful maple with mult-season landscape appeal. New foliage emerges in spring a bright chartreuse intriguingly flushed with rust and pink tones on broad, but delicately cut foliage. As summer heats up, orange tones begin to dominate and then, in fall as the temperature starts to chill, deep, rich oranges and reds finish off the season with style. Hardier, more vigorous and more heat tolerant than the similar looking maples. Best color is displayed in full sun, in average or better, evenly moist, well-drained soil. Zone 5.

Aesculus parv. 175 1

Aesculus pavia (tree form)      (Red Buckeye) A small, round-topped tree with showy red flowers in 4-8in. long panicles, April-May. Individual flowers are 1 1/2ins. long. Flowers are followed by large, glossy horse chestnuts that ripen in October. Whether grown in sun or part shade, plants do best in fertile, evenly moist soil. Grows 10-20ft. high.  We’re offering single stemmed forms. Zone 5.

Aesculus parviflora

Aesculus parviflora (Bottle Brush Buckeye)     A native multi-stemmed shrub bearing 8-12" long, vertical, white panicles in June and July. Dark green summer leaves turn bright yellow in fall. Outstanding in both flower and foliage. 8-12' high, 8-15' wide. If plants become too large, they can be rejuvenated by being cut back to the ground. A high impact shrub and a mature, well sited specimen is breathtaking.  zone 4.

Amelanchier alnifolia ‘Standing Ovation’    This new serviceberry introduces a strongly upright, narrow silhouette, that adds beauty and vertical dimention to the garden without gobbling up valuable space. Not only does it represent a distinctive new form of serviceberry, but it retains the four season beauty that is so characteristic of this lovely native genus. In April and early May, delicate white flowers cover the branches, giving way to bunches of purple-black berries in late summer that are relished by birds. Summer leaves are medium to dark green, in fall changing to vibrant shades of yellow and orange which, under favorable conditions of temperature and moisture, can be spellbinding! The fourth but by no means least ornamental feature is the beautiful, smooth, gray bark which becomes especially effective against a snowy backdrop. Form is a stately column, 15' high by 4' wide. Full sun to light shade. Tolerant of soil types and pH, but droughty conditions should be avoided. Very rugged, hardy into zone 3.

Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’     Many excellent landscape attributes in this small tree that presents as a sound alternative to Dogwoods, Japanese Maples and Hawthornes. Habit is multi-stemmed with a rounded crown of intricate branches, both trunk and branches are wrapped with smooth gray bark similar to that of Redbuds and Hornbeams. 20-25’ tall, fast growing. White flowers in loose panicles open in early to mid May, persist for about a week, and are followed by attractive, edible fruit. The matte green summer foliage is particularly disease resistant and does not exhibit the leafdrop that may occur on other Serviceberries. Fall color is outstanding in brilliant shades of red, An excellent choice for less formal settings and naturalistic areas. Berries are relished by birds. Also offers a different look to more formal plantings and its smaller size makes it especially useful for smaller house lots where only the modest suggestion of height is desired. Requires reasonably moist but well-drained, acid soil in sun to light shade. Zone 4.

Andromeda polifolia ‘Breton Blue’   Found in a bog on Cape Breton, Nova Scotia and introduced by Summerhill Nursery of CT. Selected for its improved blue leaf color and very low habit that remains under 1ft. tall, spreading to 3ft. wide by creeping rootstocks. Small but abundant and cute pinkish white flowers in May. Requires peaty or sandy, constantly moist soil, and does best in the cooler reaches of its habitat.  A must- have for the bog garden and other such like cool, moist areas. Sun to light shade. -50 to - 45 .

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Bearberry)  Excellent groundcover for a sunny, poor, dry spots. No more than 12" high with a much wider spread.  The smal,l dark green, glossy foliage turns reddish-bronze in autumn, and red berries persist into winter. Native, requires excellent drainage and thrives in poor, sandy soil. A good choice of groundcover for difficult locations. Very hardy, -50 to -45(2a)

Aronia arbutifolia ‘Brilliantissima’ New 2018    White spring flowers, glossy red berries, shiny foliage, and brilliant fall color have endeared this shrub to gardeners. Especially effective in groups when the brilliant fall foliage creates a spectacular, red wave. 6-8’ tall, tends to sucker. An occasional hard pruning will result in more dense plants. Adaptable to a wide range of soils, wet or dryish, full sun to light shade but best fruiting and fall color in sun. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Aronia Lo Scape™ Hedger      Form follows function with this compact, narrow form of aronia, making it the perfect, carefree plant for narrow hedged, screening, or mass plantings. Lots of white flowers in spring followed by black fruit in summer, and dark green, glossy foliage that turns bright red in autumn. 3’-5’ tall by 2’-3’ wide. For sun to light and average, reasonably moist soil. Developed by Dr. Mark Brand of the University of Connecticut. Native. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

Aronia Low Scape Mound

Aronia Lo Scape Mound     Tidy and tough, this new dwarf aronia may be the closest thing to the perfect landscape plant. Adaptable to wet or dry soils, this little beauty has deep green glossy foliage, loads of white spring flowers followed by purple-black fruit in summer, and intense red-orange autumn color. Ideal for mass planting, bank stabilization, combining with perennials, and for specimen/accent. 1-2' tall by 2' wide. Sun to light shade. Zone 3. (picture shows brilliant fall color.)

Asimina triloba (Common Pawpaw)    A multi-stemmed shrub or small tree with a short trunk. Produces edible fruit in a variety of shapes, up to 5" long, yellow/green in color, tasting of bananas and high in nutritional value. The tasty, nourishing fruit was prized by American colonists but, over time, seems to have lost its appeal to humans. Wild critters still relish it. Early returning butterflies eagerly seek out the flowers that are large, up to 2" across, brownish-purple and occur in late April-early May before the long, thick, tapered leaves emerge. Grows 15'-20' high and at least as wide. Prefers rich, moist, somewhat acidic soil in sun to light shade. Well suited to moist, naturalized sites and pond and stream side planting. Zone 5.

Azaleas are listed with Rhododendrons

Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066



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