Bay State Perennial Farm

TENDERS

Cynoglossum amabile 400

Cynoglossum amabile (Chinese forget-me-not)

Abelmoschus manihot    A large, shrub-like annual, with an attractive loosely branched structure carrying beautiful, dark green upturned, deeply lobed leaves. From mid summer till frost, each branch gives rise to large, 5-6" wide, hibiscus-like flowers of a beautiful primrose yellow with a deep burgundy blotch at their throats. Grows 6-8' tall in rich, evenly moist but well drained soil. The late Wayne Winterrowd, in his excellent book, "Annuals and Tender Plants for North American Gardens", describes it as being "….elegant in all parts".

Acidanthera bicolor     (Peacock or Rain Lily) Tall spikes of strongly fragrant, white, star-shaped flowers with a contrasting red-brown central patch. The elegant flowers have an aristocratic carriage, rising above the foliage on strong stems that beg to be cut for arranging. It the garden, it combines beautifully with Crocosmia. Treat like a Gladiola bulb and store dry in a frost free place for winter. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds.

Anemone Harmony Series Blue 175

Anemone (Coronaria) Pandora series Blue    (Hybd. Poppy Anemone or Hybd. Grecian Windflower)  Dreamy, deep blue, dark centered flowers on this exciting hybrid of Anemone coronaria. Flowers are 2-3" wide, vividly colored, with black filaments prominently clustered in the center that contrast sharply with the brightly colored petals . Blooms early with flowers opening in May and continuing for many weeks, 8-10" high. Plants usually go dormant in summer. Best in part shade in rich, moist, well drained soil,- good drainage is important. These hybds. have overwintered in trial gardens in zone 5. However, we've put them in the "Tenders" category based on our experience growing them here at Bay State. We've had inconsistent overwintering success and, indeed, hardiness designations are all over the map. We treat them as annuals that need to be overwintered in a frost free place. Heavy mulching with lots of breathable material, i.e. evergreen boughs, has been successful. In any case, their stunning beauty makes the extra effort worth while. Highly effective in the garden, in containers and window boxes.    

Anemone (Coronaria) Pandora series Red     (Hybd. Poppy Anemone or Hybd. Grecian Windflower)  Scarlet red, 2-3" wide, vividly colored flowers early in May and continuing for many weeks, 8-10" high. Plants usually go dormant in summer. Best in part shade in rich, moist, well drained soil,- good drainage is important. These hybds. have overwintered in trial gardens in zone 5. However, we've put them in the "Tenders" category based on our experience growing them here at Bay State. We've had inconsistent overwintering successl and, indeed, hardiness designations are all over the map. We treat them as annuals that need to be overwintered in a frost free place. Heavy mulching with lots of breathable material, i.e. evergreen boughs, has been successful. In any case, their stunning beauty makes the extra effort worth while. Highly effective in the garden, in containers and window boxes.    

Atriplex hortensis ‘Red’     Tall, to 4’ high with burgundy leaves. Makes an interesting addition to salads. Also fun as an unusual garnish. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds and is deer, rabbit and drought resistant. For average, well-drained soil, in full sun. Zone 5.

Begonia semp. ‘Whopper Red Bronze leaf’    Extra large red flowers, (to 3”), spring through fall carried over glossy, dark bronze foliage on vigorous plants that grow to 34” tall and 22” wide. Excellent heat tolerance. Establishes a bold presence in the landscape whether planted singly, in large groups or in mixed containers. Also nice by themselves in a decorative pot. One plant will fill a large container, creating a season-long, focal point where ever the container is placed in the landscape. And, the best part is that the container can be moved from place to place to accommodate gaps that develop in the garden as the season progresses. Easy in sun to part shade.        

Bidens Beedance Painted Red     Bright yellow flowers with petals painted red from mid-petal to tip. Blooms abundantly from spring to fall above dense, semi-trailing foliage. An eye-catching bicolor with a strong, vigorous habit. Shows good heat tolerance. Excellent in mixed containers, hanging pots, and, of course in the sunny border where it will put on a bright show all season. 11” tall by 36”-48” wide.

Cleome ‘Creme de la Creme’ New 2018    A variegated Cleome with creme and green variegated foliage and fuchsia colored flowers bloom from late spring to fall, complementing the stunning foliage. 3’ high. Perfect for the border, for containers, and anywhere that a big splash of excitement is needed.

Coleus ‘Sedona’ (ColorBlaze®     Scalloped edged foliage ranges in color from waves of amber to a full blown Sedona sunset. Does equally well in shade or sun. 10-14" tall. A luscious color and our favorite from amongst the "one million" varieties of Coleus available these days. 

Coreopsis Dy Bk and Corydalis semp 175

Corydalis sempervirens       Valued for its cool, silvery-blue foliage as much as for its sprays of pink, yellow-tipped flowers carried high on 2’-3’ stems in spring. A prolific self-seeder producing many volunteers, most of which should be pulled, leaving only enough for accent and to ensure self-seeding for next years crop. Tender. Shown here with the perennial, Coreopsis ‘Daybreak’.

Cosmos atr. ‘Chocamocha™’     Chocolate-scented, maroon flowers bloom on sturdy stems with a low, wide habit, 10”-12” tall. Much more compact than the species, with improved vigor. The velvety textured flowers bloom mid-summer into fall. Very cute. Gets lots of attention from nursery visitors.

Cuphea hyssopifolia ‘Cocktail’ New 2018     (Mexican Heather) A dwarf, tender shrub that’s covered with small, purple-pink flowers through the season. Yellow-green, hyssop-like foliage in low compact mounds, 12-15” tall. Nice at the front of the border and in containers. Also, some annual ground cover potential.   

Cynoglossum amabile    (Chinese forget-me-not) A prolific self-seeding and always welcome tender that bestows the gift of true-blue flowers from July into September. A very reliable self-seeder that will keep itself going, season after season. 18’-24” tall. Sun, average soil.

Dahlia

Mixed in the garden with perennials and annuals, they make it easy to have strong color through summer till frost. They’re also terrific in containers. Easy to grow in sun, with average or better, reasonably moist but well-drained soil. They are tender and will not survive winter in the ground. Saving them is easy. After the first hard frost, lift them, wash them down with the hose, lay them on the grass to dry and, after a day or so of drying, pack them in any dry material, ( I use dry potting mix ), and Carefree and reliable tenders that deliver months of strong color in the border and in cut arrangements. put them in an unheated,(not freezing), basement corner, cold frame or garage. In spring, when danger of frost is passed, bring them out, divide them and replant.

Dahlia ‘Dalaya Shari’    Dazzling is the word that comes to mind with this variety! Bicolor blossoms have creamy white petals striped with dark pink and yellow toward the center. Grows 16”-18” tall and blooms late spring to late summer.

Dahlia ‘Dalaya Yogi’ New 2018     Early flowering and long flowering with charming semi-double, pink flowers that have dark burgundy centers. Blooms spring to fall on medium size plants with exceptional disease resistance. A Fleuroselect Gold Medal Winner.

Dahlia ‘Mystic Dreamer’   Elegant, single, white flowers with a pink stripe in the center of each petal. Blooms May-Oct.over sharply cut, dark mahogany foliage. 18”-24” tall. 

Dahlia ‘Mystic Enchantment’ New 2018    Eye-catching fire engine red flowers with elegant, near black centers trimmed in gold. The flower color contrasts beautifully with the dark, shiny mahogany-black foliage. Grows to 30f" high with a compact rounded habit. 

Dahlia ‘Mystic Illusion’     Bright lemon yellow flowers with dark centers create a stunning contrast with the dark purple-black floiage. 18”-36” tall.

Dahlia ‘Starsister Crimson Picotee’    Dark crimson red and white bi-color flowers bloom all summer on plants growing 8-12" tall. A stunning addition to the annual garden and mixed perennial border. Makes a great cut flower.

Eucomis ‘Sparkling Burgundy’    A unique variety with upright, burgundy-purple flower spikes that bloom July-Sept. from the center of semi-upright, semi-glossy, strap-like leaves, rich green color with a purple cast that darkens with the warm days of summer. Showy seed capsules follow the blooms. Grows up to 30ins. tall and 36ins. wide. Attracts Butterflies!

Eremerus hymalaieus (Himalayan Foxtail Lily)      Spectacular, tall flower spicks, up to 6’, possibly 8’ high carrying large, tightly packed inflorescences of starry white flowers, inflorescences to 3’ long. Foliage is light green, yucca-like, forms a bold, attractive base clump, 18” to 24” high and wide. From temperate Himalayan regions. Requires rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil in sun. Will languish in poor, dry locations. Can be dug in fall and stored in a cool dry place. Rated for zone 5, less hardy in poor conditions. Challenging, but the reward of succeeding makes it worth every effort.

Euphorbia Shorty™      A dwarf hybrid with striking chartreuse flowers in stout, tight columns. 18" tall. Glaucous foliage to 12", transitioning to a softer green with rose-burgundy brushed tips in fall. "Very drought tolerant and perfect for containers. A unique form that resembles something you'd expect to see on a coral reef!  

Euphorbia Ascot Rainbow 2014

Euphorbia x martenii ‘Ascot Rainbow’     An outstanding spurge with flashy green and yellow variegated foliage that takes on pink and orange tones in cool weather. Unique variegated bracts appear in large clusters in spring. 20" high. Here at Bay State (borderline 5a,b), plants impressed by looking as good in late Dec. (2010), as they did in May. And then a nor'eastern roared through burying 'Ascot Rainbow', and the rest of the garden, under 2' of snow until March. In general, x martini hybds. should not be expected to overwinter consistently in zone 5 or colder. However, these are gorgeous foliage plants that are worth growing seasonally.

Ficus

Fuchsia ‘Bellinto™ Red & White’ New 2018      A nodding, bi-color flower with a white corolla and red calyx. Habit is neat and compact,16” tall and plants exhibit improved heat tolerance enabling them to thrive in full sun.

Impatiens balfourii   This is an old-fashioned species Impatiens many people remember from their grandmother’s garden. Plants grow approx. 3’ tall & 2’ wide. Very lovely lavender, pink & white orchid shaped flowers are produced profusely above lush green foliage all Summer thru Fall. Likes bright shade, loamy soil, average water. Reseeds prolifically!

Impatiens hybd.    Its name is currently unknown to us but, with or without a name, this is a charming, yellow flowered, long-blooming annual. We’re guessing at a height of about 2-3’, but there’s no guessing about its summer-long bloom that infuses bright, carefree color to the shade garden. A prolific self-seeder, so watch for seedling in the following spring. Keep what you need and share the rest with gardening friends,(we became the lucky benefactors of this little beauty when it was shared with us by a generous gardening friend.).

Impatiens SunPatiens® Compact Lilac New 2018     A compact growing, hybrid New Guinea Impatiens 18”-24” tall by 24”-36” wide, with large,semi-double, bright lilac flowers on exceptionally vigorous plants that perform well in full sun and high heat and humidity. An excellent choice for patio containers and general garden use. Pumps out masses of blossoms all summer long.

Impatiens SunPatiens® Compact White     A compact growing, hybrid New Guinea Impatiens, 18”-24” tall by 24”-36” wide, with large, semi-double, pure white flowers on exceptionally vigorous plants that perform well in full sun and high heat and humidity. An excellent choice for patio containers and general garden use. Pumps out masses of blossoms all summer long.

Leonotis leonurus    (Lion's Ears)  A sub-shrub from Africa, that can reach 6ft. if not pinched. In Late summer through fall, it produces whorls of bright orange flowers. Great complement to fall mums and a great boon to lovers of orange flowers. 

Mandevilla Sun Parasol® ‘Pretty Crimson’     Attractive shiny green foliage is the background for the 2”-6” long, flaming red, flaring, trumpet-shaped flowers. The Sun Parasol® Pretty series is distinguished by exceptional vigor and superior branching with stems, possibly to 15’ but more like 8’-10’ in New England. Hard to beat as an annual climber. Performs well in the ground and looks great in decorative containers, trained on a trellis.

Nicotiana alata ‘Saratoga Red’ New 2018     Deep red, trumpet-like flowers bloom mid-summer into fall on uniform, upright, shrub-like plants growing 8-10” tall and wide. Earlier blooming than many Nicotiana types. Good tolerance to heat and humidity. Great in mixed containers, in annual borders and makes a nice “filler” plant, scattered throughout the perennial border.

Nicotiana langsdorfii New 2018     Nodding, pale green bellflowers bloom June-Sept. from arching stems, above a base of dark green leaves that can reach nearly 12” in length. A unique flower color that compliments other flowers nicely. 4’ tall. Winner of the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society.

Nicotiana ‘Perfume Deep Purple’ New 2018     Fragrant, star-shaped flowers of intense, dark purple, abundantly produced on 20” stems. Very effective in groups but also impressive as a “filler” plant asserting pops of color here and there throughout the border.

Nicotiana sylvestris     (Woodland nicotiana) Long, graceful, tubular, pure white flowers clustered at the ends of 4’-5’ tall stems. Flowers are in the form of very long, downward-facing tubes, (5” long), that flare, star-like, at the ends. Flowering is profuse through summer. Plants are large, impressive and easily grown and one or two plants are plenty for any one spot in the garden. Those of you who labored at picking tobacco as a teenager will definitely have a deja vu moment on glimpsing the large leaves. For sun to light shade. Self-seeds willingly, so once you have it, you’ll never need to buy more.

Persicaria orientale   (Kiss-me-over-the-garden-gate) Tall, (to 7' tall), with large leaves and deep rose, bead-like flowers densely packed on 6"-8" long, arching spikes, loosely clustered at the ends of the tall stems. Blooms all summer. Though tall, several plant together in a single location have the most impact. Easy to grow, self-sustaining self-seeders,- as long as new spring seedlings aren't accidently pulled. An heirloom variety that has endeared itself to gardeners since the early 1800s.

Petunia Supertunia® Series ‘Royal Velvet’ New 2018     Supertunia® series petunias are disease resistant, self-cleaning and very heavy blooming. In addition, they have sturdy stems that keep them looking their best from spring until frost. They have an upright but gently cascading habit, creating a lovely effect when planted at the edge of a garden path, in a hanging basket or in a decorative container on the patio or deck. Supertunia® 'Royal Velvet' is said to have the darkest and most velvety, purple-blue flowers of any petunia.

Petunia Supertunia® Series ‘Vista Silverberry’ New 2018     Supertunia® series petunias are disease resistant, self-cleaning and very heavy blooming. In addition, they have sturdy stems that keep them looking their best from spring until frost. They have an upright but gently cascading habit, creating a lovely effect when planted at the edge of a garden path, in a hanging basket or in a decorative container on the patio or deck. Supertunia® ‘Vista Silverberry’ has silvery white blooms with raspberry centers and venation. 16-24” tall.

Petunia Surfinia® Series ‘Sky Blue’ New 2018     Medium sky blue flowers that cascade beautifully from hanging baskets and patio containers. Also nice at the front of the border especially is allowed to drape over edging boulders. 8-10” tall with a wide spread. Plants bloom all summer and, they’re self cleaning with no dead-heading required.

Rudbeckia hirta ‘Cherry Brandy’     (Gloriosa Daisy) Masses of mahogany-red flowers bloom all summer on this outstanding performer. Grows 2-3’ tall. Shows good heat and drought tolerance and looks great in mixed containers and in the border. Rudbeckia hirta is a self-seeding biennial that will eventually revert to the specie form. To retain the unique cultivar traits it’s necessary to replace with named varieties. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant, nice for cutting.

Rudbeckia hirta ‘Denver Daisy’    (Gloriosa Daisy) Huge, 6” wide, golden yellow flowers with a striking, ringed, dark eye bloom prolifically through summer, flooding the garden with bold color. 22” tall. For full sun in average soil. Drought tolerant and deer resistant. Rudbeckia hirta is a self-seeding biennial that will eventually revert to the specie form. To retain the unique cultivar traits it’s necessary to replace with named varieties. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant, nice for cutting.

Rudbeckia hirta ‘Prairie Sun’    (Gloriosa Daisy) Large, golden yellow flowers, tipped primrose at the ends of the petals, with a green central cone. Flowers are 5” across and, with their green cones they offer a welcome change from the usual Brown-Eyed Susans. The flower display is unrivaled, as wave after wave of large, sunny daisies bloom nonstop from June-Sept., laughing at the worst heat and drought that summer throws at them. R. hirta is a self-seeding biennial that blooms non-stop all season, never failing to reseed itself for a bumper crop of fresh plants. Self-seeded plants will eventually loose their unique cultivar traits and revert to specie forms. To retain the special look that makes each cultivar so desirable, it is necessary to replant with named varieties. Very drought tolerant. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant, nice for cutting. Zone 4.

Other Rubeckia hirta will be added as they become available.

Salvia argentea    Large wooly silver leaves are topped by 2-4' flowering stalks, bearing white flowers tinged with yellow or pink. Prompt removal of the flowering stalks keeps the more attractive foliage looking its best. Biennial. Zone 5 with protection and excellent winter drainage.

Salvia coccinea ‘Lady in Red’ New 2018     Eye-catching, bright, scarlet-red flowers bloom all through summer, up to fall frost. ''Lady in Red" will grow 2-3ft. tall, putting on a spectacular display through the summer and, unlike many other annual Salvia varieties, does not require frequent deadheading. Afternoon shade preferred.

Salvia x ‘Love & Wishes’   Unique, tubular flowers with fluted tips, usually described as bright magenta but to my eye more of a smooth, luscious mauve/fuchsia. With its tall, sturdy, much-branched form it looks sensational rearing up from a mid to back border position, delivering high impact color for the entire season. Always looks best planted in groups. Grows 30-40” tall and thrives in full sun, in average soil. Pest and disease free. Fabulous! Zone 8.

Salvia x ‘Mulberry Jam’ New 2018     Large, sturdy, shrub-like, 3-4’ tall with bright pink blooms all summer. Substantial plants that deliver a bounty of beautiful flowers plus attractive dark green, purple tinged foliage. Large enough so that a single plant provides eye-catching accent. Attracts hummingbirds. deer resistant.

Salvia x ‘Windy’s Wish’    Plum colored, tubular flowers open from purple buds on purple stems, shrub-like. Makes a bold show in the hot, sunny border. 3’-4’ tall. Blooms all summer. Vigorous and heat loving, flowering all summer regardless of the weather. Owing to their large size and quick growth, they are perfect for quick fill-ins. Zone 9.

Verbana bonariensis    4-5' wiry stems bear flat panicles of purple flowers all summer. A great favorite of gardeners for its season long profusion of flowers poised nearly at eye level at the ends of tall, narrow stalks. Makes a great filler in the mixed annual/perennial border.

Zinnia Profusion Coral Pink      An easy-to-grow Zinnia with a free-flowering nature, exceptional disease resistance and good cold, heat and humidity tolerance. Masses of 2” wide, rosy pink, semi-double flowers all summer. This is one of those flower colors that’s difficult to put into words, suffice it to say that it’s gorgeous! Grows 12”-18” tall with a spreading habit. Works as an annual ground cover, in containers, draping over walls and edging boulders, and at the front of borders.

Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525

 

Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066

 

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