Bay State Perennial Farm


Cynoglossum amabile 400

Cynoglossum amabile (Chinese forget-me-not)

Abelmoschus manihot    A large, shrub-like annual, with an attractive loosely branched structure carrying beautiful, dark green upturned, deeply lobed leaves. From mid summer till frost, each branch gives rise to large, 5-6" wide, hibiscus-like flowers of a beautiful primrose yellow with a deep burgundy blotch at their throats. Grows 6-8' tall in rich, evenly moist but well drained soil. The late Wayne Winterrowd, in his excellent book, "Annuals and Tender Plants for North American Gardens", describes it as being "….elegant in all parts".

Atriplex hortensis ‘Red’     Tall, to 4’ high with burgundy leaves. Makes an interesting addition to salads. Also fun as an unusual garnish. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds and is deer, rabbit and drought resistant. For average, well-drained soil, in full sun. Zone 5.        

Bidens Beedance Painted Red New    Bright yellow flowers with petals painted red from mid-petal to tip. Blooms abundantly from spring to fall above dense, semi-trailing foliage. An eye-catching bicolor with a strong, vigorous habit. Shows good heat tolerance. Excellent in mixed containers, hanging pots, and, of course in the sunny border where it will put on a bright show all season. 11” tall by 36”-48” wide.

Coleus ‘Chocolate Dark’ New    Rich dark purple, medium sized leaves that hold great color in the sun. Lends excitement to mixed containers and the border, bringing out the best in any companion plant and quickly filling in gaps that inevitably develop in even the best thought out gardens.

Coreopsis Dy Bk and Corydalis semp 175

Corydalis sempervirens       Valued for its cool, silvery-blue foliage as much as for its sprays of pink, yellow-tipped flowers carried high on 2’-3’ stems in spring. A prolific self-seeder producing many volunteers, most of which should be pulled, leaving only enough for accent and to ensure self-seeding for next years crop. Tender. Shown here with the perennial, Coreopsis ‘Daybreak’.

Cynoglossum amabile    (Chinese forget-me-not) A prolific self-seeding and always welcome tender that bestows the gift of true-blue flowers from July into September. A very reliable self-seeder that will keep itself going, season after season. 18’-24” tall. Sun, average soil.


Mixed in the garden with perennials and annuals, they make it easy to have strong color through summer till frost. They’re also terrific in containers. Easy to grow in sun, with average or better, reasonably moist but well-drained soil. They are tender and will not survive winter in the ground. Saving them is easy. After the first hard frost, lift them, wash them down with the hose, lay them on the grass to dry and, after a day or so of drying, pack them in any dry material, ( I use dry potting mix ), and Carefree and reliable tenders that deliver months of strong color in the border and in cut arrangements. put them in an unheated,(not freezing), basement corner, cold frame or garage. In spring, when danger of frost is passed, bring them out, divide them and replant.

Dahlia ‘Bishop of Canterbury’    Deep red flowers over dark bronze foliage. 30” tall. Dahlias are not hardy in New England, and the tubers must be lifted in the fall and overwintered indoors, but their gorgeous flowers over the entire season make it well worth the trouble. Plants grow quickly into sizable clumps that can easily be lifted, divided and stored for the winter.

Dahlia ‘Bishop of LLandaff’    Large, red, semi-double flowers are beautifully displayed above the purple/black foliage on strong, 3’ tall stems. Has remained a great favorite with gardeners for decades. A multiple award winner.

Dahlia ‘Bishop of Oxford’     Hot molten, coppery/orange, large, 3” wide, semidouble flowers are carried high above dramatic purple/bronze foliage from mid-summer into fall. The 3’ tall, sturdy stems position the flowers beautifully above the rich, dark foliage creating a stunning display in sunny borders and decorative containers. And, they’re excellent for cutting.

Dahlia ‘Bishop of York’   3” wide, bright yellow/amber flowers sit atop 3’ tall stems over a base of steamy bronze foliage. Count on an eye-catching display in the border or in decorative containers, mid-summer into fall.

Dahlia ‘Dalaya Shari’    Dazzling is the work that comes tomind wth this variety! Bicolor blossoms have creamy white petals striped with dark pink and yellow toward the center. Grows 16”-18” tall and blooms late spring to late summer.

Dahlia ‘Mystic Dreamer’   Elegant, single, white flowers with a pink stripe in the center of each petal. Blooms May-Oct.over sharply cut, dark mahogany foliage. 18”-24” tall. 

Dahlia ‘Mystic Illusion’     Bright lemon yellow flowers with dark centers create a stunning contrast with the dark purple-black floiage. 18”-36” tall.

Dahlia pinnata ‘Dahilietta Series Julia’ New    Large, beefy, double flowers, with intriguingly cupped, bright yellow petals imparting a multi-dimensional look,- just what you think of when you envision the perfect dahlea!  With a compact rounded habit, they’re perfect for the garden and for indoor/outdoor container growing. .

Digiplexis® ‘Foxlight Ruby Glow’     An interspecific hybrid between Digitalis purpurea (hardy) and Isoplexis (not hardy). Looks like a Foxglove but blooms much more heavily, with brighter colored flowers over a much longer period.  Out-facing, flaring, trumpet-shaped flowers, ruby-red, blending to golden orange in the throat encircle the bold, upright flower stalks that build to a miniature forest of dazzling bloom on each plant. 2' tall by l-l' wide, blooms from late spring into fall.  Use in full sun to light shade, with rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, deer resistant. Blooms all summer with flowers that are excellent for cutting. One of the most exciting plant introductions of recent years! Zone 7.

Digiplexis ‘Illumination Flame’   Dense spikes of brilliant red flowers with warm orange/yellow throats bloom summer to fall on 36” tall stems. Huge garden impact! Though new on the gardening scene it’s already the recipient of numerous prestigious awards.  

Eucomis ‘Sparkling Burgundy’     (Pineapple Lily) Dark burgundy, strap-like leaves form imposing rosettes that may reach 20” tall by 20” wide. In late summer, hefty spikes of densely packed, tiny, pinkish/purple, star-like flowers rise to 24”. Flowers may not develop consistently here in zone 5 but, with or without flowers, the outstanding foliage makes this beauty worth growing. We always have one in a container, which is a nice way to handle them as the container, plant and all, can be lugged to a non-freezing location for the winter, and then brought out in spring, all set to take off. They also look great bedded out in formal situations. Also, they add great interest to cut arrangements.

Gardenia jasminoides ‘Kleim’s Hardy’     A dwarf sized gardenia, 2’-3’ tall with pure white, single, fragrant flowers in spring set against a backdrop of deep green, highly polished foliage. Most often grown in containers which look fantastic on decks, at pool side, on steps and in collections of mixed, potted, seasonal plants. Rated hardy through zone 7 and considered one of the hardiest gardenias. Able to withstand early, light frosts but must be brought inside when weather gets seriously cold. Will not overwinter outside in zone 5. For sun to part shade with rich, evenly moist soil. 

Impatiens balfourii   This is an old-fashioned species Impatiens many people remember from their grandmother’s garden. Plants grow approx. 3’ tall & 2’ wide. Very lovely lavender, pink & white orchid shaped flowers are produced profusely above lush green foliage all Summer thru Fall. Likes bright shade, loamy soil, average water. Reseeds prolifically!

Impatiens hybd.    Its name is currently unknown to us but, with or without a name, this is a charming, yellow flowered, long-blooming annual. We’re guessing at a height of about 2’, but there’s no guessing about its summer-long bloom that infuses bright, carefree color to the shade garden. A prolific self-seeder, so watch for seedling in the following spring. Keep what you need and share the rest with gardening friends,(we became the lucky benefactors of this little beauty when it was shared with us by a generous gardening friend.).

Nicotiana sylvestris     (Woodland nicotiana) Long, graceful, tubular, pure white flowers clustered at the ends of 4’-5’ tall stems. Flowers are in the form of very long, downward-facing tubes, (5” long), that flare, star-like, at the ends. Flowering is profuse through summer. Plants are large, impressive and easily grown and one or two plants are plenty for any one spot in the garden. Those of you who labored at picking tobacco as a teenager will definitely have a deja vu moment on glimpsing the large leaves. For sun to light shade. Self-seeds willingly, so once you have it, you’ll never need to buy more.

Papaver  Laurens Grape 175

Papaver somniferum ‘Lauren’s Grape’   A show-stopping purple-violet annual poppy selected over a six year period from a mix of collected varieties to come true from seed. Great pollinator plant. Staggeringly beautiful as a single plant and even more so in the drifts of luscious color. Around 3’ tall. Blooms mid to late June.

Pennisetum First Knight 175

Pennisetum ‘First Knight’      Dramatic, very dark purple, nearly black blades form thick, narrow, upright clumps to 54" tall. A fast and easy way to add a designers touch to even the drabbest site. Full sun, average, reasonably moist soil. Zone 8.

Persicaria orientale    (Kiss-me-over-the-garden-gate)  Tall, (to 7' tall), with large leaves and deep rose, bead-like flowers densely packed on 6"-8" long, arching spikes, loosely clustered at the ends of the tall stems. Blooms all summer. Though tall, several plant together in a single location have the most impact. Easy to grow, self-sustaining self-seeders,- as long as new spring seedlings aren't accidently pulled. An heirloom variety that has endeared itself to gardeners since the early 1800s.

Rudbeckia hirta ‘Cherry Brandy’     (Gloriosa Daisy) Masses of mahogany-red flowers bloom all summer on this outstanding performer. Grows 2-3’ tall. Shows good heat and drought tolerance and looks great in mixed containers and in the border. Rudbeckia hirta is a self-seeding biennial that will eventually revert to the specie form. To retain the unique cultivar traits it’s necessary to replace with named varieties. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant, nice for cutting.

Rudbeckia hirta ‘Denver Daisy’ New    (Gloriosa Daisy) Huge, 6” wide, golden yellow flowers with a striking, ringed, dark eye bloom prolifically through summer, flooding the garden with bold color. 22” tall. For full sun in average soil. Drought tolerant and deer resistant. Rudbeckia hirta is a self-seeding biennial that will eventually revert to the specie form. To retain the unique cultivar traits it’s necessary to replace with named varieties. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant, nice for cutting.

Rudbeckia hirta ‘Prairie Sun’    (Gloriosa Daisy) Large, golden yellow flowers, tipped primrose at the ends of the petals, with a green central cone. Flowers are 5” across and, with their green cones they offer a welcome change from the usual Brown-Eyed Susans. The flower display is unrivaled, as wave after wave of large, sunny daisies bloom nonstop from June-Sept., laughing at the worst heat and drought that summer throws at them. R. hirta is a self-seeding biennial that blooms non-stop all season, never failing to reseed itself for a bumper crop of fresh plants. Self-seeded plants will eventually loose their unique cultivar traits and revert to specie forms. To retain the special look that makes each cultivar so desirable, it is necessary to replant with named varieties. Very drought tolerant. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant, nice for cutting. Zone 4.

Other Rubeckia hirta will be added as they become available.

Salvia argentea    Large wooly silver leaves are topped by 2-4' flowering stalks, bearing white flowers tinged with yellow or pink. Prompt removal of the flowering stalks keeps the more attractive foliage looking its best. Biennial. Zone 5 with protection and excellent winter drainage.

Salvia ‘Windy’s Wish’   Unique, tubular flowers with fluted tips, usually described as bright magenta but to my eye more of a smooth, luscious mauve/fuchsia. With its tall, sturdy, much-branched form it looks sensational rearing up from a mid to back border position, delivering high impact color for the entire season. Always looks best planted in groups. Grows 30-40” tall and thrives in full sun, in average soil. Pest and disease free. Fabulous! Zone 8.

Salvia ‘Love & Wishes’ New    Plum colored, tubular flowers open from purple buds on purple stems, shrub-like. Makes a bold show in the hot, sunny border. 3’-4’ tall. Blooms all summer. Vigorous and heat loving, flowering all summer regardless of rthe weather. Owing to their large size and quick growth, they are perfect for quick fill-ins. Zone 9.

Tulbaghia violacea ‘Variegata’     (Variagated Society Garlic) Long, arching 12-15” flat blades, edged white, mound up like garlic chives, its close relative. 18”-20” stems bear a profusion of purple flowers carried in delicate clusters all season long. Very nice in containers for its variagated, grass-like foliage and for its flowers. Also works nicely as an annual edging plant along sunny pathways, and brings a “breezy”, airy quality to the mixed border.

Verbana bonariensis    4-5' wiry stems bear flat panicles of purple flowers all summer. A great favorite of gardeners for its season long profusion of flowers poised nearly at eye level at the ends of tall, narrow stalks. Makes a great filler in the mixed annual/perennial border.

Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066



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