Bay State Perennial Farm




Larix dic Pend-pros form 400 2016

   Larix decidua ‘Pendula’ - prostrate form    

Kalmia angustifolia ‘Kennebago’     Glossier foliage that most other Sheep Laurel and dark pink flowers that bloom in late June in clusters 4"-5" across. 1'-3' tall, colony forming. Not a shrub for strong accent but one capable of bringing contrast to mixed evergreen and diciduous shrub plantings, or to add something a little different to foundation plantings. Especially valuable for naturalizing in acid, organic areas. Very hardy. The species is seen throughout New England at higher elevations where it can put the "wack" into bushwacking for those unfortunate hikers who stray from the trail. Zone 2.

Kalmia latifolia hybrids (Laurel)     Native broadleaved evergreen shrubs abundant throughout central New England  Traditionaly,their culture has been equated with that of Rhododendrons which calls for moist, well-drained, acidic, peat-amended soil. However this may be somewhat of an oversimplification since what Kalmia seem to need above all is excellent drainage. Peaty acidic soil is important, but good drainage is essential and plants are often observed doing very well in quite poor, surprisingly dry, well drained soil. Zone 4.

    ‘Carousel’ New 2018     Fast growing, dense and upright with pink buds that open to reveal pure white interiors intricately patterned with cinnamon-purple bands. The dark glossy foliage is resistant to leaf spot. 8-10ft. tall and wide.

    ‘Firecracker’ New 2018     Intense red buds open light pink to white against glossy dark green foliage. At only 3' tall, it's the perfect size for foundation plantings and for accent in perennial and shrub borders. Affective when massed for visual impact. Will grow in full sun to full shade but flowering is better in sun. Grow in rich, organic, very well drained soil, with excellent drainage being a key element for survival. A year round mulch is recommended. -25 to -20(4b).

    ‘Keepsake’ New 2018     Raspberry red buds open to purplish burgundy flowers with white edges. New growth is reddish bronze, maturing to glossy, deep, bluish green. 4½’ tall by 4½’ wide with a dense rounded habit.

    ‘Little Linda’     A miniature Mt Laurel with red buds that open to deep pink flowers. Grows to only 3’ high by 3’ wide in ten years. Attractive glossy, rounded leaves. For Mt. Laurel, good drainage is as important as soil quality. Also, once planted, they resent having their roots disturbed, so it’s a good idea to mulch so as to eliminate the use of sharp-edged tools to control weeds around the base of the plants.

Kerria japonica ‘Cat’s Eye™    A favorite shrub that I'm happy to be offering again after an absence of several years. Smoky, grayish-blue leaves delicately edged in white, lightly spaced along thin, spreading branches that gently arch at the tips conveying a sense of weightlessness characteristic this plant. Flowers are bright yellow, single, up to 1½" across, April-May. Grows to 3', possibly 4' tall with an airy, buoyant quality. One of the best varieagated shrubs for brightening shady gardens. Best in part to full shade with even moisture. A full sun exposure will only work with consistent moisture. Zone 5.

Kerria japonica ‘Golden Guinea’     Bright green leaves on gracefully arching green stems provide an effective foil for the profusion of large, single golden flowers up to 2” across, mid-April to late May. The bright, apple-green leaves and stems are attractive by themselves, even after the flowers have finished. Does best in part shade, 5’-6’ tall. For average soil with reasonable moisture, afternoon shade or all day shade. Responds well to pruning. Blooms on previous seasons wood so any pruning should be done immediately after flowering. Hardy, zone 5 and into parts of zone 4.

Koelreuteria paniculata    (Goldenraintree)  Can reach 30’-40’ tall,(usually more towards the lower height range), with a wide, rounded habit and a dense canopy of 18” long, compound leaves. In July, very showy, 15” tall, generally erect panicles of ½" bright yellow flowers put on an impressive display. Very forgiving of poor conditions, tolerating just about everything bad that man and nature can throw at a tree, e.g.; drought, heat, wind, alkaline soil, air pollution plus others that I’m sure I’m forgetting. Best in sun. Very desirable for its summer flowers, its small, accommodating size, and its rugged, durable constitution. Hardy to at least zone 5, and possibly colder.

Larix decidua ‘Pendula’     (Weeping European Larch)   This is a tree for accent and dramatic effect. Fast growing, needs to be staked to maintain the upright form. If not staked, plants will grow flat on the ground assuming an entirely different, not unattractive, demeanor. Branches are numerous and hang straight down from the main trunk. If correctly trained, the effect can be striking! This is a deciduous conifer whose emerging spring needles are a beautiful, vibrant green, becoming deep green in summer and, in fall, showing a final burst of golden color. Does not do well in shade. Tolerant of soil types as well as moisture levels from very wet to quite dry. Zone 3.

Larix d. 'Pendula'

Larix decidua ‘Pendula’ - prostrate form     Shows no inclination to grow upright, instead grows flat on the ground with an irregular, always appealing, exotic flare. The needle-like foliage emerges light, vibrant green in spring, darkens in summer and, in fall, turns brilliant gold before falling to the ground. Zone 3a. 

Leptodermis oblonga    Another in the arsenal of small shrubs that are so useful for mixing with perennial and for facing down larger evergreen and deciduous shrubs. 18-24ins. tall and possibly 3ft. wide so it mixes nicely with perennials, lending bulk to the front and mid border. Tiny dark green leaves are densely borne and contrast nicely with the dark burgundy stems providing, the perfect background for the 1in. long, tubular, lavender, fragrant flowers that continue throughout the summer on new growth. Generally behaves as a die-back shrub in our -15 to -10(5b) garden with flowering beginning in early summer. Spreads by underground stems that are easily dug out when they overreach.

Lespedeza thun. 'Gilbralter'

Lespedeza thunbergii ‘Gibraltar’     A glowing deep rosy/pink selection with a beautiful cascading habit, 4-5' tall. Its striking color and form add a dramatic flair to the late summer/ early fall border. Usually killed back to the ground in winter in zone 5, but regrows with great vigor into a graceful, fountain-shaped shrub. Blooms profusely in late summer at a time when color in the border is much appreciated. Grow in full sun, in ordinary, well drained soil. Deer resistent. Zone 5.


Leucothoe axillaris    2’-4’ tall and twice as wide.  Wide-reaching, gracefully arching branches are lined with leathery, glossy, dark green, evergreen leaves. In spring, white flowers dangle from the leaf axils in 2½ “ racemes. Requires rich, evenly moist acid soil. Best planted in shade or part shade where soil remains reasonably moist. Attractive as a specimen and massed for larger scale groundcover. Zone 5.

Leucothoe x ‘Sparkle’     Bold white margins with cold temperatures bringing out hints of pink. Compact, slower grower than green forms but with the same graceful, arching habit, eventually 2'-4' tall spreading to 4' to 6' wide, Very showy, adds bling to shady locations where color is always in short supply. For shade, with evenly moist, acid soil. Nice as a specimen if space is limited and very effective massed for strong impact and even for groundcover. -15 to -10(5b).

Lindera benzoin      (Spicebush) In sun, develops into a dense, full, broad-rounded 6-12ft. shrub. More open in part shade. Leaves are bright green in summer, changing to bright golden yellow in fall. Its most charming feature are the tiny yellow branch-hugging flowers that occur in tight little clusters at axillary buds, before the leaves, appearing to burst right out of the stems. Its early April bloom is a joyful sight to winter-weary gardeners. All parts are aromatic when crushed. Likes sun to part shade, and average moisture. A male pollinator is needed for berries. Our plants are not sexed but we do make every effort to determine which are which, at bloom time. Zone 4.

Magnolia ‘Galaxy’     A hybd. Magnolia introduced by the national Arboretum. Single-stemmed, with ascending branches forming a narrow, upright silhouette. Blooms profusely with dark red-purple flowers up to 10” across, slightly fragrant. Flowers in early May, somewhat later that other early blooming magnolias, thus running a good chance of avoiding late season frosts. Grows moderately fast, reaching 30-40’ tall by 20-25’ wide at maturity. Generally regarded as a small tree whose narrow habit makes it especially suited to tighter spaces/smaller landscapes. All magnolias appreciate rich, consistently moist locations. Though tolerant of a range of pH, more acidic soils are preferred. Zone 5.

Magnolia x ac. Ultimate Yellow 175

Magnolia x ‘Sun Gold’ New 2018   An acuminata hybd. with bright yellow flowers of heavy substance, late April-early May. Flowers open wide, up to 8” across. Roughly 15’ tall after 10 yrs. and 25-30’ tall at maturity. Young plants have a narrow, upright form and become more broad as they mature. Begins blooming at an early age with flower production increasing as plants age. On established plants, additional flowers occur further back on the stems toward the interior of the canopy, opening later, thus extending the flower display. For sun to light shade, with rich, evenly moist, lower pH soils.

Oxydendrum arboreum-tree form    (Sourwood) A small tree that pretty much has it all, beautiful foliage and flowers, a neat pyramidal habit plus an adaptable, accommodating set of cultural requirements. Grows 25-30' tall with a pyramidal, rounded outline and branches that droop gracefully. Leaves are long and narrow, shinny dark green in summer, turning brilliant yellow, red and purple in fall. Flowers are small, white and fragrant, clustered in large, drooping panicles 6-10"long and wide that nearly obliterate the foliage for 3-4 weeks starting in June. Ideal locations would be those with rich, organic, acidic and moist but well-drained soil, in sun. Will do ok in less than ideal conditions such as part shade with less moisture. Zone 5 and probably 4.

Philadelphus x virginalis ‘Snowbelle’      Low growing, compact and loaded with pure white, double, fragrant flowers in early to mid spring. 3-4' high with a wider spread. Easy in average, reasonably moist soil, full sun to light shade. Best flowering in sun. Zone 4.

Philadelphus x Snowbelle

Philadelphus x ‘Snow Dwarf’   A Canadian selection noted for its dwarf habit and abundance of fragrant flowers. Flowers are pure white and up to 1½" in diameter. A great small border shrub. Developed by AGR Canada (Ottawa) so you know it’s hardy. Blooms late spring. 2’-3’ tall. Zone 4.

Physocarpus opulifolia Coppertina®      A cross between ‘Dart’s Gold’ and ‘Diabolo’ that opens a bright copper in spring and transforms to a rich red in summer. 6’-8’ tall but can be kept smaller with a hard cutting back in spring. Tolerant of poor, well-drained soil, full sun. Large enough for hedging and attractive enough for accent. Also, foliage is attractive for cutting, winning a 2011 award of the Am. Society of Cut Flower Growers. Zone 3.

Physocarpus opulifolia ‘Ginger Wine’   A standout plant with rich hues of orange red and bright burgundy in summer. Large white flowers in late spring transform into bright red seed-heads for added interest. Sturdy stems and a compact upright growth habit. It has shown a very high level of mildew resistance. 5’-6’ tall. For sun and average, well-drained soil. Zone 3.

Physocarpus opulifolia Red Robe™ New 2018      Exceptionally pretty foliage starts out yellow-orange in spring, aging to burgundy-red as it matures. White early summer flowers have a purple cast, and produce attractive red fruit in late summer and fall which ages to deep burgundy. 6-8’ tall. May be cut back hard in spring to maintain a smaller habit. Like all Ninebarks, it’s just about indestructible, tolerating poor, well drained soil in full sun. Cut leafy stems add interest to arrangements. Zone 3.     

Physocarpus opulifolia Tiny Wine®      A smaller ninebark that’s extra bushy, with small, refined leaves. The dark bronze-maroon foliage is colorful all season, and contrasts beautifully with the white flowers in late spring. The flower show is exceptional, with dainty flowers blooming up and down the stem in a very showy display. At only 4’-5’ tall, it’s right at home in the mixed perennial border where its rich, dark foliage act as a foil for silver-leaved and other brightly colored and perennials. Also nice at the front of the shrub border and as part of carefree foundation schemes. Makes a bold statement when grouped for accent and will hold up well in sunny parking areas and other such uninviting locations. Zone 3.

Pieris japonica ‘Bert Chandler’ New 2018    Fantastic color show on young leaves that start out a luscious salmon pink which phases to creamy/white then to white, gradually turning green in summer, evergreen.  Dainty strings of pearly white flowers dangle from the stems in early spring. Develops a rounded habit, 5’ x 5’. Sun to light shade, average, reasonably moist, well-drained soil. Zone 5.

Pieris Japonica ‘Bonsai’ New 2018     A small growing, very cute Japanese Andromeda only 12” high by 12” wide with small, rounded leaves and short, dangling clusters of white flowers in spring. May get to 2’ tall in 10 yrs. Prefers all-day filtered light, and average, evenly moist but well-drained soil. Looks great in pots, in rock gardens and toward the front of the lightly shaded border. Zone 5.

Pieris japonica ‘Mountain Fire’    From late winter into early spring, plants shine with fantastic bright red, new leaves. This spectacular foliage alone would earn a prominent spot in the garden, but there are beautiful as well. In early spring, March-April, white, with a hint of pink, Lily-of -the-Vally-like flowers dangle in 6" long, gracefully drooping panicles clustered at the ends of the stems. Tidy, compact habit,(4' by 4'), that's perfect for foundation planting, mixed shrub borders and for eye-catching accent just about anywhere in the garden. Group plantings are particularly effective. Conditions for best growth are the same as for other ericaceous plants, rich, peaty, evenly moist but well drained, at least somewhat acidic soil. Full sun to light shade. An outstanding shrub that’s generally considered one of the best Pieris for its brilliant foliage, showy flowers and neat compact habit. Zone 5.

Pieris japonica ‘Purity’ New 2018      Unusually large, pure white flowers produced surprisingly heavily even on young plants. Smaller growing to only 4’ high, and later than other varieties to flower and to leaf out. Light shade to sun, average, reasonably moist, well-drained soil. Zone 5.

Pieris japonica ‘St. Nick’ New 2018     Beautiful deep red buds open to deep pink flowers carried on long, arching panicles clustered at the ends of the stems. Habit is compact and mounding, 4-5' tall by 3-4' wide, with clean, disease resistant foliage that shows an attractive bronzy tint, evergreen. For full sun to light shade, average, reasonably moist, well-drained soil. Zone 4.

Pieris japonica ‘Valley Valentine’ New 2018      Lustrous, dark green, evergreen foliage and rich maroon flower buds that open to long-lasting, deep rose colored flowers, heavy flowering in mid to late April.  Lower growing with a compact, upright habit, reaching only 4’-5’ in height after many years. Its smaller size makes it especially useful in tighter residential landscapes especially as part of foundation planting, shrub borders and accent, specimen positioning. Zone 4.

Potentilla Happy Face® Pink Paradise   A pink potentilla with clear pink, semi-doubled flowers that hold their color longer than other pink selections, although flowers may still fade under intense heat. 2’-3’ tall, blooms all season, deer resistant. For sun to light shade. Tolerant of poor, dry soil. Zone 2. 

Potentilla Happy Face® White     White flowers all season long on low, tidy mounds of small, dissected bright green foliage, 2-3’ tall. Very rugged, tolerating dry, poor soil but doing best with average or better conditions,(rich, evenly moist soil). Plants usually looked best if pruned in spring, getting just a trim around the edges or a more serious renewal cutting-back. Best in sun. Excellent, low maintenance plants for edging, as filler plants in perennial and shrub borders and as ground cover when planted in sufficient quantity. Zone 2. 

Prunus maritima (Beach Plum)    A round, dense form with height not much over 6ft. White flowers 1/2in. across occur in May, 2-3 in a group, and, if not overwhelming, the display is very pleasing with a charm all its own. 1in., dull purple plums ripen in August and are highly prized for the making of jams and jellies, especially on Cape Cod where the preparation of these condiments is a cherished cottage industry. The beach plum is a tough little customer that shrugs off the assaults of salt spray and grows to a ripe old age in sandy, rocky soil. Sun, zone 3.

Prunus besseyi var. depressa ‘Gus Melquist’ New 2018      (Dwarf Sand Cherry) A prostrate form of sand cherry with dark green foliage that turns a rich crimson in fall. Showy white spring flowers are followed by dark red fruit. Only 1' high with an eventual spread of 5'. Attractive for its foliage, flowers and fruit, and for its low, spreading habit. Pretty enough for specimen use but tough enough as ground cover in difficult, hot, dry places. A good choice for erosion control situations. Plants combine ornamental appeal with a rugged, no-nonsense constitution. Zone 3.

Prunus ‘Kojo-No-Mai’ (formerly ‘Little Twist’) New 2018     A cute, smaller growing, flowering cherry with intricately entwined, zig-zagging branches that are lit up in spring with a profusion of tightly clustered white flowers with pink centers. Leaves are small, dark green during the season, becoming maroon colored in fall. A perfect small shrub for small niche locations in the landscape as well as in containers on patios and by pools, etc. Likes full sun and is adaptable to a range of soils. 3-4' tall and wide.

Prunus x Hally Jolivette175

Prunus x ‘Hally Jolivette’     A beautiful ornamental cherry created through a complicated cross made at the Arnold Arboretum. Can grow to 12’-15',(our 15 yr. old plant is 12’ high), assuming a rounded silhouette, densely branched with fine textured stems. Flowering begins in late April and continues for many weeks, as all the flowers do not open at once. The 1¼", double flowers are pink in bud, opening to pinkish-white, and are dispersed throughout the branches in a way that suggests they were sprinkled down, confetti-like, from above. Easy to grow in full sun, in reasonably good soil with adequate moisture. Zone 5.

Ptelea trifoliata ‘Aurea’     (Yellowleaved Hoptree) Striking yellow leaves that only reluctantly fade to chartreuse at the end of summer.  Flowers are white, small and insignificant but fragrant, and the fruit bears an interesting resemblance to hops. It's the solid yellow leaves that grab and hold ones attention. Variable in size, ranging in height form 8'-12' and up to 15', with an equal spread. Develops into a small tree or, more usually, into a largish shrub with a rounded silhouette. Very easy to grow and the species is found from Canada to Florida growing in every possible situation from wet to dry, open or shaded with good drainage being a consistent element of any indigenous site. 'Aurea' may tend to lose color in too much shade, so more sun is recommended. Zone 3.

Rhamnus Fine Line®    (Buckthorn) A combination of delicately cut foliage and superb columnar form creates a plant that works well everywhere in the landscape. Its deep green, fern-like foliage make a nice backdrop for any perennial bed and its unique form makes it ideal as a small space hedge, accent, or container plant in sun to part shade. Extremely hardy and non-invasive, 5-8’ tall. Zone 2.


Rho Westons Aglo

Rhododendron ‘Aglo’ (Weston’s)  1½", pink, ruffle-edged flowers are held in ball-shaped trusses at the ends of the branches, up to 8 flowers per cluster. Attractive small, bronzy foliage, evergreen/semievergreen. Brings a strong flower display, and an accommodating small size to the landscape. At only 3' tall, with a wider spread, it fits nicely into foundation plantings, perennial and shrub borders and areas where strong color accent is wanted. Handsome, hardy and carefree. Performs best in full sun. Chosen as a Proven Performer by the MA chapter of the Am. Rh. Soc. -25 to -20(4b)

Rh (Azalea) calendulaceum

calendulaceum (Azalea)   (Flame Azalea) A deciduous azalea native to the mountains of Pennsylvania south to Georgia with an upright habit 4'- 8' tall with an equal spread. Blooms in May-June with large trusses of 2in. wide flowers in shades of yellow, orange, scarlet and every imaginable hue in between, - one color per plant. It's not called the Flame Azalea for nothing, which is apparent when its bold colors emblazons a woodland setting. -20 to -15(5a).

    canadense(Rhodora)  This small, deciduous, native rhododendron which almost never exceeds 2' prefers acid boggy places and blooms in April with bright, rosy-purple flowers, before the leaves. Not commonly seen in gardens but fortunately widely distributed in the wild, at higher elevations throughout New England. Will not survive in hot dry locations. Zone 2.

    canadense alba     White form of the more common rosy-purple type. Best in acidic, moist locations, with sun. 2’ tall. Blooms in April before the leaves. Native. Very hardy, zone 2.

    Cecil (Azalea) New 2018     Dark salmon-pink buds open to large trumpet-shaped, salmon-pink flowers with a prominent yellow flare, mid to late April into May. Develops an open upright habit, 5’-8’ tall with an equal spread. Plant in rich, evenly moist, acid soil in sun to light shade. Rabbit resistant. Winner of the Rhododendron of the Year, 2007 award, given by the American Rhododendron Society. For accent/specimen, foundation plantings, mixed shrub borders and as anchor plants for early color in perennial borders. Looks great underplanted with the yellow flowering, Primula veris (Cowslip). Zone 4.

Rhod Dark Lord 175

Rhododendron ‘Dark Lord’ New 2018    Dramatic merlot-red, ruffled blooms emerge on a neat, mounded plant in early May. Deep red flowers against glossy, dark green foliage create a show-stopping sight in any landscape. 'Dark Lord' is a conversation piece, not your average Rhody!  This medium height, rounded evergreen is a pollinators favorite! 5-8’ tall with an equal spread. Zone 5.

    diversipilosum (tomentosum) ‘Milky Way’ (formerly Ledum palustre) New 2018     Small growing with a rounded form, usually leveling off at about 2’ high by 2’ wide, could go to 4’ under optimal conditions. Leaves are appropriately small, dark olive green with pubescent,(hairy),undersides. In mid spring, 2” wide clusters of small, star-shaped flowers blanket the evergreen foliage for many weeks, and though profuse, yet they have an ethereal quality that makes them appearing to float over the foliage without actually being attached. Though obscure, it is definitely showy enough for a front & center position. Light to moderate shade is best with acidic, evenly moist soil. Well adapted to moist soil, so a good choice for boggy, wet places. Also does well in average to rich, acidic garden soil. Does not like heat. Very hardy, zone 3.

    groenlandicum     (Labrador Tea ) 2-4' high & wide, white flowers late May-early June, and leathery, dark green, evergreen leaves. Thrives in moist to wet, peaty locations, in fact, when kayaking during times of high water I regularly float right over them submerged under three feet of water. Extremely durable and hardy with a low, rounded form and dense, fine textured evergreen leaves. Obviously best suited for wet, acidic places where plant choices are limited, but not to be considered a plant of last resort as it possesses considerable ornamental appeal. Sun to part shade. Zone 2.

    ‘Holy Moly’ (Azalea) New 2018    Large, trumpet-shaped, coral-pink flowers with an orange flare on the upper petal. Large growing to 6’-8’ and late blooming, opening in late June and continuing into July. Valuable for its summer display of showy flowers. Zone 5.      

    ‘Hot Ginger & Dynamite’ (Azalea)   An arborescense selection valued for its white flowers with prominent pink stamens, and for its intense heliotrope-like fragrance. Blooms June-July, 6’ tall. For sun to part shade with evenly moist, well-drained, acid soil. A must-have shrub for its fragrance alone. Zone 4.

    ‘Jane Abbott’    Clear pink, funnel-shaped, very fragrant flowers are grouped in large clusters. Blooms late, later than most azaleas, late May. Habit is upright-wide to 4'-6' high and wide in 10yrs. Deciduous, with clean, mildew resistant leaves that take on attractive fall color in shades of red-orange before dropping. -25 to -20(b).

Rh Landmark 175

‘Landmark’    ¾", dark pink, approaching-red flowers, wavy edged, carried in dome-shaped trusses containing up to 25 flowers. 'Landmark' makes an amazing impression in early May with an explosion of nearly red flowers that demands you take notice. Think of this plant as "The red flowering PJM". Another exciting small leaved, small sized Rhofodendron from Weston Nurseries that's garnering a lot of attention from professionals and home gardeners alike. 4' tall in 10yrs, twice that at maturity. Pruning directly after flowering will hold plants at a desired height. -15 to -10(5b) and into 5a. Picture shows the gorgeous fall foliage.

Rh (Azalea) Lemon Twist 175

‘Lemon Twist’ (Azalea)    Another Summerhill Nursery introduction selected from a batch of yellow flowered, seed grown Azalea mollis, chosen for its attractively twistisng branches clear, mellow-yellow flowers in mid to late May. Stems to 5' tall with a wider spread,(6' ?). Sweet under high shade with average moisture. Also works in sun in decent, reliably moist soil. Solid in -15 to -10 (5b), and generally good in -20 to -15 (5a).

    mucronulatum ‘Cornell Pink’     (Korean Azalea) A hardy, early blooming, deciduous azalea with, large, pure pink flowers grouped at the ends of the branches in large, showy clusters that cover the plants, making them the focal point in any early spring landscape, a joy to behold and a real spirit-lifter for we winter weary gardeners. Grows 4’-8’ tall. Care should be taken to site plants out of the early spring sun which, while long awaited, only serves to stimulate early, frost-sensitive growth. Very hardy, zone 4.

    myrtifolium New 2018      A compact broadleaf evergreen native to the Carpathian and Balkan mountains. It’s a creeping shrub no more than 2' tall, spreading to 3' or more. Small, evergreen, shiny dark green, rounded leaves, to 1" long. Leaves turn bronze red in winter. Tubular, rose/purple-pink flowers in clusters of 3-7 bloom in mid to late season (early May). Good choice where ever a small, evergreen Rhododendron is desired; rock gardens, foundation plantings, mixed borders & woodland gardens. Part shade, acidic, reasonably most, well-drained soil .Zone 5.

    periclymenoides ‘Deep Pink’ (Azalea) formerly R. nudiflorum     (Pinxterbloom Azalea)  Deciduous, thickly branched, 4-6ft. high though can be larger or smaller. In April-early May, before the leaves, fragrant deep pink 1½in. wide flowers are borne 6-12 per cluster. Adapted to drier soils. Native from Massachusetts to North Carolina. Easy, great for naturalizing. Hardy to zone 4.

Rhododendron (Azalea) vis Pink and Sweet 175

‘Pink ‘N Sweet’ (Azalea)    A Rh. viscosum hybd. with tubular flowers that are bright pink at their edges, shading to lighter pink which eventually dissolves into the yellow centers. Flowers emit a rich spicy aroma as they bloom over a long period starting in mid June and continuing into July. Deciduous, dark green foliage turns purple/red in fall. A hybd. of the native Swamp Azalea making it especially suitable for more naturalistic, less formal plantings.  Very effective at brightening a partially shaded spot. Zone 4.

Rh. p. 'Marie Hoffman' 175

prinophyllum ‘Marie Hoffman’ (Azalea)  A terrific selection of our native Roseshell Azalea with clear, true pink flowers that are two to three times larger than those of the species, and highly clove-scented. Bright green foliage in summer may turn bronze in fall. Can grow to 8' by 8' and rest assured that every additional inch of growth is a bonus, since, as regards this shrub, the bigger the better. A first rate shrub—a great favorite here at the nursery. Zone 4.

    schilippenbachii (Royal Azalea)      Unanimously regarded as one of the finest deciduous azaleas available to northern gardeners. In mid May, clear, rosy-pink, fragrant flowers open in clusters of 3 - 6 florettes per cluster. Can reach 6-8ft. at maturity though usually not much beyond 6ft. Exasperated catalogue, (or, web site), makers often find themselves at a loss when attempting to capture the charm of this special shrub. That's where I'm at right now.  But, if seeing is believing, one look at our border specimen should be sufficient advertisement. Very hardy, zone 4.

    ‘Summer Stars’ (Azalea) New 2018    Masses of ruby red flowers with a contrasting white stripe down the middle of each petal. Even the emerging ruby red buds have white stripes. Later blooming, beginning in late June and continuing bringing lots of color into July. Vigorous, 6-8’ tall. Can be maintained at a smaller size with quick pruning immediately after flowering. For part shade to sun with rich, reasonably moist soil. Presents a impressive show of bright color in the early summer garden. Zone 4. 

Rh towhead 175

‘Towhead’     A dense, low growing beauty highlighted in late April by a profuse display of soft yellow flowers. Its small-leafed, evergreen foliage and low, dwarf habit suit it perfectly for foundation plantings and mixed perennial and shrub borders Grows 1-3ft. high by 3-4ft. wide.

    viscosum ‘Pink Mist’ (Azalea)    A northeastern native with a preference for moist places and most often found naturalized near water. Despite this preference, plants should not be sited so that their roots are actually under water. Clusters of pink, strongly clove scented flowers appear in late June-July at a time when many other shrubs are done flowering. The species can vary from 5 to 10 feet high but 'Pink Mist is smaller, reaching only 5-7' in height with a noticeably tighter, more upright habit. Very hardy, zone 4.

    ‘Waltham’ New 2018    ¾", light purplish-pink, tubular, wavy-edged flowers in dome-shaped trusses, 8 flowers per cluster. Very compact, slow growing, reaching only 1' tall in 10 yrs., maturing at 3' tall x 3' wide. Small, 2", dark green, evergreen leaves. Very cute and adaptable to contemporary, smaller landscapes. -20 to -15(5a)

Rh Westons Innocence175

‘Weston’s Innocence’ (Azalea)     A vicosum hybrid,(= late blooming), with strongly scented white flowers in summer. Vigorous and wide spreading early on, becoming rounded and compact with age. Attractive glossy green leaves show excellent fall color in shades of burgundy-red and yellow. Good mildew resistence. 10' high at maturity but easily kept smaller with occasional pruning. Diciduous. Zone 4. Selected as a "Proven Performer" by the MA chapter of the Am. Rhododendron Society.

    ‘White Swan’ (Azalea) New 2018     Dense clusters of fragrant white flowers in early spring, before the leaves unfurl. 6-8’ tall and somewhat narrower with an open, upright habit. Best in part shade with rich, acidic and reasonably moist soil. Large growing and showy, with an early flower display that lights up the woodland garden. Attractive orange/yellow fall foliage. Zone 5a.

    ‘Windbeam’     A lower growing, landscape-friendly, hardy Rhododendron with wide-flaring, funnel-shaped flowers that open apricot-white, phase to white and finally turn a lovely light, purplish-pink. Up to eight flowers per cluster. Blooms in late April-May. Foliage is evergreen to semi-evergreen, olive green, willowy. 3’-4’ tall. For sun to part shade with rich, acidic, evenly moist but well-drained soil. Zone 4.

    x ‘Amy Cotta’     A rich pink, heavy flowering and more compact growing form of 'PJM' rhododendron. ‘Amy Cotta' grows slowly but steadily into a semi-dwarf bush that's perfectly suited to spots where a compact, flowering evergreen is just the ticket. Dense, azalea-like foliage is smaller and darker than that of 'PJM', and plentiful ruffled blooms cover the plant in early spring. 2½'-3½' tall by 3½' -4½' wide. Zone 4. See a grouping in our parking lot border.

Rhododendron x 'Blue Baron'

x ‘Blue Baron’    Striking blue flowers on this selection in early May nearly obscure the small, elongated, shiny, evergreen leaves. Its compact, mounded landscape form is easy to work with and looks good year round, even in winter as its foliage takes on a decidedly reddish-bronze hue.  Grows 2ft. high in 10yrs, adding one to two feet at maturity for an overall size of 3-4ft. tall by 3-4ft. wide. Protect from winter wind. Official zone 6 but perfectly reliable here in our zone 5b garden.

    x ‘Purple Gem’    Dense, dwarf habit plus good hardiness and, best of all, an abundance of purple/blue flowers in early to mid May all come together to make for an outstanding plant. Habit is low and wide, 2' high by 4' wide, with a dense canopy of small, fine textured leaves that are blue/green during summer turning bronze in winter. Its small size make it an excellent choice for foundation plantings, for the front of mixed shrub borders and for use in mixed perennial plantings. Likes organic, acidic, moist but well drained soil and does well in full sun. Zone 5.

    x ‘Weston’s Innocence’ (Azalea)     A vicosum hybrid,(= late blooming), with strongly scented white flowers in summer. Vigorous and wide spreading early on, becoming rounded and compact with age. Attractive glossy green leaves show excellent fall color in shades of burgundy-red and yellow. Good mildew resistence. 10' high at maturity but easily kept smaller with occasional pruning. Diciduous. Zone 4. Selected as a "Proven Performer" by the MA chapter of the Am. Rhododendron Society.

    x ‘Yukon’    Small, 2”, dark green, leathery, semi-evergreen leaves provide the backdrop for clusters of white flowers with a hint of pink. Blooms late April. Will reach the moderately large size of 5’-6’ tall, with a upright rounded form. Hardy to zone 4. making it an excellent choice for gardeners who struggle to keep rhododendrons in colder parts of the country. Hardiness is contributed by R. dauricum, one the parents in the hybrid cross.

Rhus aromatica ‘Gro-Low) New 2018    (Fragrant Sumac) Every season we get lots of requests for plants that are good at stabilizing banks. There are many, but one of the very best is the Fragrant Sumac,- which bears no resemblance to and would never be mistaken for the Staghorn Sumac. It's low growing and spreading with a huge fibrous root system that sets anchor wherever a low slung branch touches the soil. The medium size leaves are compound with only three leaflets as opposed to the large, compound, wand-like leaves of the Staghorn Sumac. They are attractively glossy green in summer turning a beautiful orange-red in fall before dropping. Height is a mere 2ft. while spread extends to 6-8ft. Pest and disease free, tolerant of poor soil and hardy to zone 3.

Rhus t Tiger Eyes 175

Rhus typhina ‘Tiger Eyes’ New 2018      Beautiful, long, compound, exotic looking leaves emerge bronze-yellow in spring and become yellow to yellow-green in summer. Leaves hold their color well even under hot, droughty conditions. Grows to anywhere from 5-10’ tall at maturity and thrives in the worst soil imaginable, dry, sandy, infertile. Plants will sucker but not nearly as vigorously as the green-leafed form. Always gets a second look from nursery visitors.  Zone 4.

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Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066



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