Bay State Perennial Farm




 Betula nigra Fox Valley 400

Betula Fox Valley™ (Betula nigra 'Little King') 


Betula Fox Valley™ (Betula nigra 'Little King')    The river Birch ranks high among the genus as a superior landscape tree with light textured foliage that beautifully captures the sunlight and flutters on even the slightest breeze, closely imitating the Quacking Aspen, (foliage is highly resistant to birch bore), plus beautiful exfoliating bark that peels away in contrasting cinnamon and cream colored strips, and, an upright, oval structure with a light, airy quality. 'Little King' has all the above attributes, combined in a small, sturdy package, attaining only 12ft. in height in 20 yrs. This smaller size allows for group planting as well as specimen use wherever a beautiful small tree or large shrub is desired. Moist, acid soil is preferred; leaf chlorosis may develop in high pH situations. Zone 4.

Betula x plettkei ‘Golden Treasure’   A dwarf, shrubby birch offering season-long interest with tiny yellow leaves accented by orange-red new growth. Very amenable to pruning and can be shaped, sheared, hedged or trained into a miniature patio tree. Exceptionally hardy. Winner of the Green is Life Silver Medal in Poland. 2’4’ tall. Deer resistant. Zone 2.

buddleia a. argentea

Buddleia alternifolia 'Argentea'    Large shrub or small tree to 10-12'. Silvery leaves on graceful arching branches lined with bright lilac-purple flowers in dense clusters in June. Handsome and truly hardy. Should not be cut back hard each spring as is recommended for the dividii types. Blooms on old wood, so any pruning should be done right after flowering. Deer resistant.  Zone 5.

    Buddleia alternifolia ‘Unique’ New 2018    If you’ve admired Buddleia alternifolia ‘Argentea’ in our border, you’ll be head over heels for this exciting, low growing, long blooming, scaled down version. Only 4’ high by 2½’ wide and, unlike ‘Argentea’ which blooms once, in late spring, ‘Unique’ offers a full season of bloom, early summer to fall as masses of lilac/purple, sterile flowers crowd the graceful stems in a cascade of purple flowers rippling over dense silver/gray foliage. Best in hot sun, in average, well-drained soil and valued for bringing flower and foliage interest to tighter spaces such as foundation plantings, shrub and perennial borders, large groupings for high impact even on inhospitable, dry, sunny sites. Also a great choice for decorative containers on decks or by the pool. Zone 5a. May availability.

    Buzz™ ‘Sky Blue’     From a new series of Butterfly Bushes that are much more compact, better branched and more upright growing than older varieties. The foliage has a silver sheen which compliments other plants in the garden. Once blooming begins in July, it will continue until frost. ‘Sky Blue’ has blue flowers, 2'-4' tall. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Reliably hardy to zone 5.

    Buzz™ ‘Purple’       Developed by Thompson & Morgan to meet the need for smaller shrubs to accommodate today’s smaller residential landscapes. ‘Buzz™ Purple’ grows to only 4’ high with a full, compact habit that responds well to shearing. It’s perfect for bringing strong, season-long color to foundation plantings, shrub borders and mixed perennial borders where they contribute an element of height, as well as care-free flowers all summer. The purple flower spikes are thick and substantial and irresistible to hummingbirds, hummingbird moths and butterflies.

    Buzz™ Soft Pink     A new series of Butterfly Bushes that are much more compact, better branched and more upright growing than older varieties. The foliage has a silver sheen which compliments other plants in the garden. Once blooming begins in July, it will continue until frost. Rosy/pink flowers, 2'-4' tall. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Reliably hardy to zone 5.

    ‘Dark Dynasty’    Maintains a densely compact, rounded habit, only 3’ tall by 3½’ wide. Flowers are deep violet/purple, fragrant. Its small size makes it suitable for use in perennial borders and for tucking into foundation plants for an exciting burst of summer color. Attracts hummingbirds, hummingbird moths and butterflies. Deer resistant. Very fragrant.

    ‘Glass Slippers’   Silvery green foliage and cool, periwinkle blue flowers come together on a tightly knit,cushion-like shrub, only 3' high. Blooms late summer through early fall. Zone 5. Full sun, average to low water requirements. Attracts hummingbirds, hummingbird moths and butterflies. Deer resistant. Very fragrant.

    Inspired™ Violet    Exceptionally long, purple flower spikes stand out beautifully against the dark green foliage and deep maroon stems. Larger growing, 5’-10’ tall with a graceful cascading form, zone 5. Drought tolerant and a nectar banquet for every pollinator in the neighbor.

    ‘Miss Molly’   A charmer of a plant acclaimed for its compact habit and remarkably vivid, rich pink blooms,(has been called the Buddleia that’s closest to red). Its neat, compact habit makes it suitable for many landscape situations where standard varieties would quickly out grow the allotted space with their over-large, rangy growth. This is a new plant and exciting Butterfly Bush!.  Deer resistant. Zone 5.

    ‘Pink Micro Chip’ (Lo & Behold series®) New 2018     A whole new color for the Lo & Behold series®, only l½-2’ high with pink, salvia-like spikes through summer. Perfect as a low hedge, in decorative containers, and in mixed perennial and shrub borders. Zone 5.

Buxus Wedding Ring 175

Buxus Wedding Ring® New 2018    (Buxus sinica var. insularis) No other variegated boxwood has the hardiness and gloss of Wedding Ring. Foliage is rich, glossy green with a lime colored margin that matures to gold as summer progresses. Leaf color is retained through summer and winter. 1-3' tall by 1-3' wide. Deer resistant. This is an exciting new, evergreen, variegated shrub with flair to spare whether used alone for eve-catching accent. as a low hedge or massed for strong impact. Sun to part shade with average, well-drained, alkaline soil. Trials at NCSU have put this variety at the top of the list for boxwood blight resistance. Zone 5.

Buxus sempervirens ‘Graham Blandy’    Striking, very narrow upright habit. Tremendous focal point and excellent for hedging where space is limited. Very slow growing, in 10 yrs. reaching 9ft. high by 1 1/2ft. wide. Not fussy about soil but does best when pH is 6 or higher. Zone 4.

Callicarpa Pearl Glam

Callicarpa Pearl Glam™     A whole new look for callicarpa! No longer just a plant for colorful autumn berries, this new hybd. has attractive purple foliage to provide season-long color. White summer flowers in summer and large, purple-violet berries in fall add to the attraction. A vigorous, upright plant that looks neat in a container and the garden. 4'-5' tall. Deer resistant, cuts well. For sun with average soil. Zone 5.

Calluna......other varieties will be listed as they become available.

Calluna - Erica 2013 175

Calluna vulgaris (Scotch Heather)  Popular low-growing, flowering, evergreen shrubs for rock gardens, perennial gardens and for groundcover, beautiful in both flower and foliage. Many Calluna have especially colorful foliage through the season, while others reach their peak color only after temperatures begin cooling in fall. Most varieties flower in late summer-fall. For acidic, organic but gritty soil that’s moist but very well drained. Avoid windy spots, and do not over-fertilize.     Zone 5, and even colder zones with protection.

Calycanthus Sweetshrub   Dense, rounded shrubs with clean, glossy, dark green foliage and 2in. wide, white flowers from mid April into mid May. Flowers may be strongly scented with sweet, fruity scent, or, they may not be. The only way to be sure is to wait until they bloom and then give them the smell test. Buying a named cultivar is another way to guarantee fragrance. 6-9ft. tall and at least as wide. Grow in rich, moist soil in sun or shade. If pruning is necessary, it should be done soon after flowering. Zone 4.

Calycanthus Aphrodite

x ‘Aphrodite’     A new, improved hybrid Calycanthus with large, bright, red/maroon, fragrant flowers that begin opening in mid spring and continue right through summer and into early fall. Attractive large, deep green, glossy foliage adds to the appeal of this exciting new Sweetshrub. Preferred growing conditions are full sun to shade, with fertile, reasonably moist soil. Grows larger in shade, stays somewhat tighter and smaller in sun. 6' tall, possibly up to 10', with an equal spread. If pruning is necessary, it should be done after flowering. Blooms on current years wood as well as on wood of the previous year. Big and bodacious! Blooms all summer in our garden and gets a lot of attention form garden visitors. Zone 4.

Carpinus betulus ‘Franz Fontaine’    Displays a narrow, fastigiate form, in ten years reaching 25’ tall by just 6--8’ wide with an ultimate, mature height of 35’-40’ and a width of only 15’-20’. Retains this excellent, narrow form through maturity. A very compliant, rugged tree, for average, reasonably moist soil, in sun, though tolerant of considerable amounts of shade. Very handsome accent/focal specimen for the home landscape. The narrowest of the Carpinus betulus cultivars. Highly suitable as a street tree and as a tree of choice where ever space is at a premium. Dark green summer foliage turns to a attractive yellow in fall. Zone 5.

Caryopteris (Blue Mist Shrub)    Clusters of brilliant blue to violet-blue flowers on spikes of new wood. Blooms in late summer just in time to combine with Heleniums, Rudbeckias, and Sedum for a last burst of color! Requires hot, full sun and good drainage. In our borders, all Caryopteris are cut back to within 6-12ins. of the ground in early spring. They quickly regrow, and bloom unfailingly.

    Sunshine Blue®II     An improved yellow leafed caryopteris that has proven itself in trials to be the most adaptable and hardiest yet. Attractive yellow to lime-green foliage holds up to the heat of summer and is adorned with vivid blue flowers in late summer, 2’-3’ tall. For full sun with average to poor, well-drained soil. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, deer resistant. Zone 5.

    x clandonensis ‘Dark Knight’   A reliable performer that brings a profusion of deep blue flowers to to the late season garden, 3-3½’ tall. Plants have a tidy habit, aromatic foliage, and they’re very attractive to pollinators. Though semi-woody, plants should be treated like an herbaceous perennial and cut back hard in late winter-spring. Blooms on new wood. This is true for all x clandonensis types. For sun and average, well-drained soil. Deer resistant. Zone 5.

    x clandonensis lil’ Miss Sunshine™  A cross between Petit Bleu and Sunshine Blue that delivers bright yellow foliage on neat, compact plants. Starting in late August, the golden foliage serves as the perfect foil for the indigo blue flowers. We enjoy the bright golden foliage of this small shrub all summer and would want it even if there were no flowers. But there are flowers and they’re fantastic against the golden foliage. If you visit the nursery in late Aug-mid Sept be sure to check them out. For full sun with average, very well drained soil. Cut back hard in early spring. Zone 5.

Ceanothus americanus1

Ceanothus americanus     The New Jersey Tea is a native shrub with a low mounding habit, dark green, glossy leaves and a pretty display of white flowers in June and July. Flowers are followed by attractive seed pods. Best in full sun, very drought tolerant, and nitrogen fixing. This is an indestructible little native with a surprising amount of landscape appeal starting with its low, compact form clothed in shiny, dark green, medium sized leaves. In June into July, at a time when many shrubs have finished blooming, the New Jersey Tea is covered with a froth of dainty white umbels which continue for many weeks, eventually replaced by jet-black, ¼in. wide seed capsule which extend the ornamental appeal right into autumn. Grows in sun in well drained, even dry, average to poor soil. Makes a good companion for Comptonia,(Sweetfern), (also nitrogen fixing ), and Asclepias tuberosa on difficult, sunny, impoverished sites. The plants in our borders receive lots of attention and, though by no means "new", prove to be a delightful discovery even to many seasoned gardeners. Zone 4.

Ceanothus Marie Gold

Ceanothus x Marie Gold™    Bright golden foliage and rich pink flowers in late spring, followed by showy red seed capsules add up to a very attractive, small garden shrub that provides season-long interest. Pretty anywhere in the sunny garden, interplanted with perennials or at the front of shrub borders. Very drought tolerant and accepting of poor, well-drained soils, nitrogen fixing. We’ll be planting some out this year to see how well they perform in zone 5. We expect they’ll act as die-back shrubs, dying back in winter and emerging again each spring.

Ceanothus x Marie Bleu™    (New Jersey Tea) A blue flowered Ceanothus hybrid with the hardiness of ‘Marie Simon’ and loads of misty blue flower heads for many weeks in late spring. Flowers are followed by showy red seed heads that add another season of garden interest. We’ve had ‘Marie Simon’ in our border for as long as we’ve had borders, so we know it’s hardy. In our zone it’s a die-back shrub that never fails to regrow quickly each spring and garner much praise from nursery visitors. We haven't yet grown ‘Marie Blue’ in our borders but hope to get some in the ground this year. Time will tell how they'll perform in zone 5.. 2-3’ tall, dying back in the winter so should be cut to the ground in early spring. Spreads by underground stems to form colonies which, in time, may need to be reduced in size. Nitrogen fixing. Does well in average, dry soil in sun.  Zone 6. A die-back in zone 5

Ceanothus x Rose Marie™     A hybrid New Jersey Tea with flowers that are truly pink. Blooms mid-summer on upright, compact stems carrying dark green, glossy foliage, 2-3' high. Like all ceanothus, it prefers hot, full sun and is well adapted to poor, very well drained soil. Nitrogen fixing. Attracts butterflies. In zone 5, usually dies back in the winter and regrows from the crown in spring.

Cephalanthus occidentalis 175 2016

Cephalanthus occidentalis Sugar Shack™    Buttonbush has long been admired as a native shrub adapted to wet places, but generally considered too coarse for most ornamental landscapes. Sugar Shackchanges all that. It’s only half the size of the species, 3’- 4’ tall, has very cool, golf-ball sized, fragrant white flowers, attractive glossy foliage and colorful red fruit, all of which add up to a shrub that has landscape appeal form spring till fall. For sun to light shade with evenly moist to wet soil. I’ve often had to maneuver my kayak around large native specimens that where happily growing with their roots completely under water. Zone 4.

Cercis canadensis 175

Cercis canadensis (Eastern Redbud)     This is a small tree that I've always coveted in other peoples gardens, that is until last year when I finally planted a large specimen of my own. Everything about this large shrub or small tree is appealing, flowers, foliage and bark. In early April, ½" long, rosy pink flowers are held close to the stems on short petioles. At first glance the flowers appear to have burst right through the bark and nestled directly on the branches. Flowers bloom before the leaves unfurl and are effective for several weeks. Medium to large, heart-shaped, green leaves follow the flowers and often display excellent, yellow fall color. Bark is gray or gray-brown and on younger branches has a smooth, flesh-like texture. The gray color of the bark sets off the pink flowers nicely. Grow in sun to part shade and, though plants are adaptable to a range of soil types and pHs, strive to provide the best soil you can in terms of fertility and moisture. Water during periods of drought. 20-30' tall with a slightly wider spread. Zone 4. 

Chaenomeles Dbl Take Org Storm

Chaenomeles Double Take™ ‘Orange Storm’   (Flowering Quince) A double take is what you’ll do when you see the big, double, bright orange camellia-like blooms in early spring. What’s more, the stems are thornless. Very little fruit is produced. Sun loving, drought tolerant and able to thrive on poor to average soil, these plants are excellent for hedging, mass planting, and, cut stems are great in flower arrangements. 4-5’ tall. Their explosive burst of color leaves no doubt that spring has arrived! Zone 5.

Chamaedaphne calyculata ‘Tiny Tom’ (Leatherleaf)  A small, under 2' tall, evergreen shrub with an open habit of thin, wiry branches. Leaves are dusty green, 1-2ins. long and half as wide. The small individual white flowers which appear in June are grouped together in 3 to 5" long terminal racemes. Requires moisture and is an ideal subject for a wet, boggy, even partially shaded area. I've often kayaked right over it during high water, in spring. Hardy to zone 3.

Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus (Fringe Tree)    Beautiful and fragrant pendulous white flower clusters in spring. One of the finest native shrubs/small trees with medium to dark green foliage and a spreading, slightly open habit, 12-20' high and wide. Zone 4.

Clematis - see Vines for descriptions of both climbing and non-climbing types.

Clethra a. 'Ruby Spice' 175

Clethra alnifolia ‘Ruby Spice’    Highly fragrant pink flowers in July and bright yellow fall color. One of the few summer-flowering shrubs that bloom in part shade, 3-8' high and 4-6' wide. It has been our experience that all Summersweets bloom best in full sun or light shade and are very forgiving of soil types and moisture levels. Hardy to Zone 4.

Clethra barbinervis (Japanese Clethra)   A beautiful large shrub or small tree. Dark green leaves cluster at the ends of the branches in a whorled pattern, as do the lightly fragrant, 6" long, white flower panicles. Bloom lasts from mid July into August. An outstanding ornamental feature is its beautiful cinnamon brown, exfoliating bark. Plants will reach 15 to 20' in height and are hardy in zone 5. An excellent small tree with three season appeal. May form a multil-stemmed clump or a single trunk, either way it is attractive enough for specimen use. Not yet a household word but definitely deserves wider use.

Clethra Sugartina® ‘Crystalina’     A dwarf Clethra only 28-30" high that holds its tight, dense shape and does not become lax and open like other low growing selections.  Pure white, fragrant flower spikes bloom in late summer over dark, glossy foliage. Foliage turns yellow in fall. Easy and pest free with a manageable low height that commends it for use as a low hedge, for adding structure and texture in the perennial border, and for enbankment stabilization and general groundcover use. Grow in sun to part shade, in average or better, evenly moist soil. Tolerates shade but flowering is much better in sun as long as the soil is reasonably moist. Zone 4.

Comptonia peregrina (Sweetfern)    2-4' high and wide with colonizing, mostly upright branches that form a fairly rounded mass. The deciduous leaves are long and narrow and wonderfully fragrant. Grows in full sun to light shade in the most infertile, driest locations, and also in more favorable spots. Has the ability to fix nitrogen. This shrub is a delight to bushwhack through in the wild, as one becomes completely enveloped in its pungent aroma. Especially good for difficult, more naturalistic areas. Hardy to Zone 2.

Cornus alba Ivory Halo™       Green leaves with white margins, compact growing with a refined branch structure, 5’-6’ tall with an equal spread. Stems show deep, oxblood red in winter. Part to full sun, fast growing and adaptable to a range of soil types, with a preference for rich, evenly moist conditions. Easy to grow, with brightly variegate foliage that adds excitement to part shade gardens. Bright red stems are very attractive in winter and effective in cut arrangements. Renewal pruning might be considered in late winter, every third year or so, to encourage new, brightly colored winter twigs. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

    canadensis  see under woodland plants

    florida ‘Appalachian Snow’    Large, pure white flowers with overlapping petals. Flowers are noticeably thick substanced and show no hint of pigmentation,(we're talking pure white!). Blooms in May before the leaves unfurl. 20'-25' tall. A newly introduced variety that shows very high mildew resistance. Best in rich, organic, acid soil that's reasonably moist but well-drained. -15 to -10(5b). If planting Cornus florida in zones lower than 5, it's definitely worth seeking plants grown from seed with local provenance.

    florida ‘Cloud Nine’    Showy white flowers with overlapping petals open in great profusion in May, before leaves unfurl. Slow growing to around 15-20' tall with a broad canopy of wide-spreading, architecturally presented branches. Considered one of the most cold hardy C. florida types and shows good resistance to canker. All C. florida types can fall victim to disease, nevertheless, due to their unsurpassed beauty they remain enormously popular with home gardeners and professionals alike. The best way to prevent disease problems is to reduce stress by providing good growing conditions; rich, acid, organic soil that's evenly moist but sharp draining. Mulch is recommended to keep the soil moist and cool. Full sun is ok so long as soil is reasonably fertile and moist and drained. Afternoon shade or all day light shade definitely lightens the stress load. Cornus f. 'Cloud 9' is one of the best cultivars in terms of resilience, beauty and all-around landscape performance. Zone 5.

Cornus Cherokee Princess 175

florida ‘Cherokee Princess’     Large, 5” wide, white flowers, late April-May. Flowers heavily and consistently ever year. 20’ tall by 20’ wide with attractive layered branching. Considered one of the hardiest and best flowering forms of the many varieties available. 

    florida var. rubra Cherokee Brave™   A vigorous grower with reddish pink flowers with white centers. Very heavy blooming, late April-early May. New leaves are bronze-green, mildew resistant, remaining exceptionally clean all season.  20’-25’ tall and wide with attractive tiered, horizontal branching.  Beautiful as a specimen/accent small tree,  Considered one of the best “red” flowering Dogwoods. For sun to light shade with rich, organic, evenly moist but well-drained, acid soil.

    florida var. rubra ‘Cherokee Chief’ New 2018   Rich ruby red flowers, 3”- 4” across, for up to two weeks starting in late April and continuing into May. 15’ tall, possibly taller over time, (to 30’), with wide-reaching, horizontally layered branches that extend 25’-35’, strikingly architectural. Flowers are prominently displayed along the tops of the branches.  Grow in rich, acidic, evenly moist but well-drained soil, sun, if preferred conditions can be met, otherwise some shade will make life easier for this beautiful tree. Said to tolerate growing under Black Walnuts.  Attracts birds and butterflies. Especially suited for specimen use. Nice in mixed shrub borders and woodland settings. Zone 5.

    kousa ‘Elizabeth Lustgarten’ New 2018     A beautiful weeping kosa dogwood that develops a rounded, downward flowing crown, 7ft. high and 5ft. wide after 12 yrs. For specimen/accent use. Becomes a focal point in lawns and specialty gardens. Sun to light shade, with acidic, reasonably moist soil. Zone 5.

Cornus k Wolf Eyes 175

kousa ‘Wolf Eyes’    A very handsome smaller growing that has graced the Bay State boarders for many years providing spring through fall interest with never a hint of trouble. Green leaves are strongly variegated with generous white margins. Leaves become attractively rippled along their edges and are resistant to sun burn. Fall color is outstanding as leaves begin early to take on pink to red color which mingles with the white margin so that all three colors are present at the same time. Form is unusually shrubby with our ten year old plant measuring 6’ high by 5-6’ wide. Organic, acid soil. Zone 5.


Cornus mas Golden Glory 175

mas ‘Golden Glory’    A sturdy mulit-stemmed large shrub or small tree with many attributes to its credit. Yellow, ¾" wide flowers clusters are borne on last year's wood beginning in May, before the leaves, and continue for 3 weeks or more.  Flowers are followed in July by bright red, ½" or larger drupes which add a delightful element of whimsy as they poke through the glossy green leaves.  Attractive exfoliating bark adds interest, especially in winter, as it peels away revealing swaths of inner bark in shades of brown and gray. Easy and trouble free, preferring decent, well-drained soil in sun to part shade. Can be made into an attractive tree form if the lower branches are pruned away accentuating a length of trunk. Especially valued for its early spring, bright golden flowers. Zone 4. Flowers in the picture are just starting to open.

    stolonifera Arctic Fire™   A compact shrub dogwood with dark red winter twigs and a smaller, (3-5 ft. tall), nonsuckering habit. A handsome shrub year-round, but especially effective in the winter landscape when its red stems shine against a snowy background. Prefers moist soil but plants are very adaptable to a wide range of conditions. Its extensive fibrous root system and ease of culture make it a good choice where erosion control is needed. Zone 3.

Corylopsis pauciflora    (Buttercup Winterhazel) Smaller than most other Winterhazels and more easily utilized in today’s smaller home gardens. This is good news for those who have always admired the unique form, foliage and flowers of this attractive but large growing genus, without being able to find room for them in their gardens. At only 4-6’ tall, C. pauciflora retains the architecturally layered branching, heart-shaped leaves and very appealing hop-like yellow flowers of the larger species. Best in part shade, with acidic soil. Zone 6.

Corylopsis spicata

Corylopsis spicata    (Spike Winterhazel)  A somewhat open, spreading habit, 6ft.(10ft.) tall, of artfully angled and curved branches that create an architecturally pleasing scaffolding from which dangle the 2in. long, fragrant, yellow recemes in April. Plant in rich, moist, well drained soil, in full sun to part shade. Because they bloom so early , it's worthwhile siting plants so they receive as little exposure as possible to late winter, early spring sun, in an effort to delay bloom and avoid damage from late frosts. To my mind, this is a shrub that comes close to having it all, interesting form year-round, plus stylishly presented, fragrant recemes in spring. Native to the mountains of Japan. Zone 5.

Corylus avellana ‘Contorta’- own root      (Harry Lauder's Walking Stick). A fascinating tangle of twisted, coiled and swirled branches 8-10ft. tall. Always a curiosity, but especially effective in winter when twigs are clearly discernable. Plant in full sun to light shade in all but the worst soils. Plants are on their own roots, not grafted. Zone 4.

Cotinus coggygria ‘Royal Purple    Valued for its showy 6-8in. plumes that change from grayish to pink from June into August and for its rich, maroon to purplish red foliage that retains its color through the season. I had under appreciated this plant until seeing a beautifully positioned, (and properly pruned), specimen in a Conway MA. garden and being reminded just what an impressive shrub it can be. Tolerates heavy pruning which should be done as needed to keep plants from becoming too large and rangy and to promote fresh new growth which always shows the best, deepest color. Easy and adaptable, tolerant of poor, dry, rocky soil. Full sun. Zone 4.

Cotinus coggygria ‘Velveteeny’ New 2018    All the attributes of ‘Royal Purple’ but in a low, scaled down form,  only 3-4’ tall by 3-4’ wide with deep burgundy foliage and large, dove-grey to pink, smoky plumes from June through August, sometimes lasting into September. A breakthrough, small form that fits many landscape needs. Small enough for foundation plantings and for mixing with perennials. Like all Smokebushes, ‘Velveteeny’ is adapted to lean, well-drained, full sun locations, and it’s late to leaf out in spring, (be patient, it’s not dead, just late.).

Cotinus coggygria Winecraft Black® New 2018     A semi-dwarf smokebush with deep purple-black foliage that darkens as the season progresses. Showy red smoke-like blooms appear in early to mid-summer and a colorful display of orange fall foliage adds to its season-long appeal. 4-6’ tall. Full sun produces the best color. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Cotoneaster adpressus ‘Tom Thumb’   A dwarf, selection that forms a dense, low-growing and broad-spreading mound with glossy, dark green leaves. Spreads by putting down roots wherever branches touch the ground. Under 1’ tall, spreading slowly but steadily to an indefinite width, up to 3’ wide, possibly more. Very appealing for its small size, tiny glossy foliage and profuse tiny flowers in spring that are followed by an outstanding display of red fruits. For rock gardens, nooks and crannies throughout the garden, even small scale specimen use. Full sun and average, well-drained soil. Zone 4.

Cytisus Sister Golden Hair® (C. scoparius)     Bright gold, pea-like flowers crowd the cascading branches of this weeping Scotch Broom. Flowers are larger and showier than other weeping varieties. Grows well in dry, sandy soils in full sun. Blooms in spring bringing a bright spot of color to inhospitable sites. Especially nice when allow to cascade over edging boulders or drape down from dry stone walls. Also nice in well drained containers. Deer resistant. Zone 5.

Daphne meserve 175.

Daphne mezereum     This Daphne emerges from winter ready to flood the early spring garden with flowers and fragrance. Starting as early as late March, rosy-purple flowers crowd the stems emitting a strong, heady fragrance, with flowers and fragrance continuing well into April. Plants are densely branched with stout, upright stems that form a shrub 4-5' high by 3-4' wide. Flowers are followed by maroon, pea-sized fruit which, if allowed to drop and remain undisturbed through winter, will germinate the following spring. Grow in sun to light shade, in rich, neutral, evenly moist, well-drained soil. We usually put them in part shade but full sun also works. Zone 5 and colder.

Daphne x transatlantica ‘Eternal Fragrance’    For fragrance in the garden, 'Eternal 'Fragrance' can not be beat. Beginning in May, strongly fragrant, small pink flowers bloom on the previous seasons wood open just as the new foliage begins to emerge. As spring turns to summer, a succession of new pink flowers begins anew and continues throughout the summer, all the while filling the garden with their amazing scent. Grow as a specimen, as an accent in the mixed shrub and perennial border, and as a wonderfully fragrant hedge to wow garden visitors.  Habit is dense, rounded to a height and width of 2-3'. Recommended for full sun in average or better, well drained soil. Zone 5.

Deutzia Chardonnay Pearls 175

Deutzia Chardonnay Pearls®        Valued for its bright yellow foliage that holds up without burning even in the sunniest part of the garden. Adding to the appeal are the fragrant, pure-white, pearl-like flowers that bloom for several weeks in May. Grows 3-4ft. tall with a slightly wider spread. Best in sun with average, reasonably fertile soil. Right at home in the mixed perennial border where it provides bright yellow accent throughout the season. Any cosmetic pruning should be done right after flowering trails off in spring. After several years, plants may show some wear and tear from the elements,(as may the gardener); when that time comes, a more serious renewal pruning is required to return plants to their original ornamental appeal. This is best done in late winter-early spring and means sacrificing flowers for just that one year. Zone 5.

Deutzia Yuki Cherry Blossom™     A great billowy mass of flowers float over the top of this appealing, small garden shrub in spring. Flowers are creamy white, generously brushed with magenta creating a light, soothing, two-toned effect that lasts for many weeks. 1’-2’ tall by 2’-3’ wide, a small, versatile size, suitable for a range of landscape uses such as foundations, mixed shrub and perennial borders and larger decorative containers. Very sharp looking in group plantings. Foliage is green in summer, changing to an autumnal burgundy in fall. Best flowering in sun. Though tolerant of average, dryish soil, it will reward the favor of good, reasonably moist, well-drained soil with exuberant bloom. If felt necessary to maintain appearance, prune plants lightly after flowering. Serious, to-the-ground pruning is advised every two or three years for renewal, late winter, early spring. Attracts hummingbirds, deer resistant. Zone 5.

Diervilla Kodiak™ Black     A whole new look for Dievilla, this tough, easy growing shrub is a standout with its dark burgundy-black foliage that is especially intense in spring and autumn. The bright yellow flower panicles contrast sharply with the dark foliage in early summer. A durable native that thrives in sun or shade. It’s drought-tolerant, deer resistant, and can even grow in dry shade. A real work horse, 3’-4’ high. 

Diervilla Kodiak Orange

Diervilla Kodiak™ Orange    Glowing orange fall foliage lights up the late season garden. Leaves start changing color early, starting from light green and gradually taking on shades of yellow-amber-orange until finally becoming entirely brilliant orange in fall. Rivals burning bush for fall color and is much more eco-friendly. Blooms in spring with attractive, bright yellow, trumpet-shaped flowers in clusters at the ends of the branches. This is a durable native that grows in sun or shade,(best color in sun). It’s drought tolerant and deer resistant and will even grow in the challenging conditions presented by dry shade. 3’-4’ tall and wide spreading. Excellent for embankment stablization, for facing down larger shrub and for contributing high color impact to any location where it has room to grow. Untroubled by pest and diseases and just about as low maintenance a plant as you’ll find. Zone 4.

Diervilla Kodiak™ Red        A tough, versatile shrub that loses none of its good looks, even when tackling the most inhospitable sites. Attractive red foliage in spring and fall, becoming more green in summer but still retaining more subtle red tones, and there are bright yellow, trumpet-shaped flowers for weeks in summer. This is a native shrub that thrives in sun or shade and tolerates dry, poor soils. Of course, it goes without saying that it will do well in good conditions as well. 3-4’ tall with a wide, spreading habit, making it a good choice where a larger scale ground cover is desired. Can be cut back hard in spring for renewal. Deer resistant, and an excellent pollinator plant. Zone 4.

Disanthus cercidifolius    A multi-stemmed, medium to large shrub valued for its beautiful 4½”, rounded, heart-shaped, dark bluish green leaves that resemble the leaves of Redbuds. Flowers are not showy. Fall foliage color is spectacular in shade of claret red and purple. Height is anywhere from 6-10’, possibly higher when plants are given optimal growing conditions of rich, organic, evenly moist but well drained soil, in light to moderate shade. Not common in gardens but highly regarded by gardeners who know it. See Dirr’s, “Manual of Woody Landscape Plants” for a glowing description. Hardy to Zone 5b, 5, especially when properly sited.

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Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066



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