Bay State Perennial Farm



Bay State Perennial Farm is known for its wide selection of perennials. Plants are listed alphabetically by their latin names and can be located by clicking on the first letter of the plant name in the alphabet above.

Vernonia noveb 400

Vernonia noveboracensis

Talinum calycinum 175

Talinum calycinum (Flame Flower)   Small, eye-catching, hot pink to almost red flowers are carried on wiry, almost invisible stems above a tangle of long, narrow, succulent foliage. Long-blooming, July-August. Very drought tolerant, happy as a clam in rocky, scree type soils, in full sun. At only 6" high by 8-10", Talinum is a joy to come upon, blooming its head off in the worst soil, during the hottest part of summer! Officially zone 6 but we're hoping that, with perfect drainage and some modest winter protection, it will make it in 5.

Tanacetum cocc James Kelway

Tanacetum coccineum ‘James Kelway’      Though pretty much absent from contemporary gardens, we continue to enjoy the large, deep velvety red, yellow centered daisies that are carried well above the foliage to 3’ high, during June and July. Easy in sun with rich, evenly moist but well-drained soil. An excellent cut flower, in fact, it’s a favorite among florists. Attracts butterflies, deer resistent. Zone 3.


Thalictrum 'Lavender Mist'

Thalictrum 'Lavender Mist' (rochebrunianum)       Large, lovely flowerheads composed of hundreds of delicate, lavender petaled, yellow centered flowers are carried high above airy, blue-green foliage. Height depends on soil and moisture but these are large, clumping plants easily capable of climbing to 6-8’. Best results are obtained in rich, moist but well-drained soil, in sun. Zone 4.

Thermopsis chinensis ‘Sophia’    An abundance of large, sunny yellow spikes of pea-like flowers over tidy , rounded mounds of fine-textured foliage. Looks like a yellow Lupine and, if you love Lupine but have difficulty growing them, then 'Sophia' is a great stand-in. Habit is dense, with an overall height of only 12-18ins. Grow in full sun. Heat and drought tolerant. Blooms late spring. Zone 5.

Thymus (Thyme)   If you’ve got a sun-scorched, all-too-well-drained and infertile pocket that refuses to nurture any plant unfortunate enough to find its way there, then, we’ve got a thyme just waiting to thrive in that very spot. I personally have repeatedly rototilled an escaped batch of Mother of Thyme,(Thyme serphyllum), in an effort to eradicate it, only to see it, grow right back twice as large,(and this was in the little “Death Valley” of our back field). Thymes are rugged plants needing only full sun and excellent drainage and just the occasional, tiniest bit of water. Most are wonderfully fragrant. 08-FullSun-s 05-Drip 04-Drip2 02-Butterfly

Thyme serphy Coccineus

Thymus praecox ‘Coccineus’     Dense, flat mats of evergreen, dark green foliage become covered in bright magenta-red flowers during early summer. Happiest in hot, sunny places with average soil that's well-drained such as in rock gardens, between edging boulders, in well-drained, mixed containers, and as interesting subjects between stepping stones. Low growing, spreading and endearing, especially when foliage is abraded to release the delightful fragrance. Only 2-4" high, deer resistant and hardy to zone 3.

    praecox ‘Pseudolanuginosus’     Tiny silver-gray, woolly leaves on low, 2" high, spreading mats. Unrivaled for the beauty of its dense, flowing habit, especially when allowed to spill over rocks or the edges of retaining wall. Also terrific between stepping stones. Its requirements are few, hot sun and perfect drainage. Will not survive in wet, poorly drained soil. It’s usually best to refrain from watering altogether. Zone 3.

    serpyllium ‘Elfin’    Tight domes of minute leaves form dense cushions only 1" high. Generally regarded as the finest thyme for growing in troughs and between stepping stones and in rock crevices. Zone 3.

Tiarella (Foam Flower)     Most at home in the shade or woodland garden with even moisture and the occasional addition of a good compost.  Most of the newer hybrids can boast of attractively dissected foliage  artfully dabbed in the center with unique dark blotches. Some are vigorous enough to be put to use as shady groundcovers, while other are more restrained and more appropriate as specimens. Flowering occurs in mid spring and is sensational. Airy spikes of fragrant pink or white flowers rise 8-10ins. above the foliage creating a froth of bloom through the shady garden. Zone 4

    ‘Candy Striper’    Largest leaf of the tiarellas, dark green with a dark stripe down the center of each leaf lobe. Through spring, the eye-catching foliage is further enhanced by a profusion of 14" flower spikes dense with pink buds that open white casting a fresh, inviting spell over the early spring garden. Adding to the enchantment is a slight fragrance. Part to full shade with reasonable moisture. Well behaved, mounding, clumping habit. Delightful. Zone 3.. 07-PartialShade-s 06-FullShade-s 04-Drip203-Drip3 scissors  

Tiarella Elizabeth Oliver

Tiarella ‘Elizabeth Oliver’      One of the first introduced fancy-leaved foam flowers, with dark green, glossy, maple-like leaves accented with prominent dark maroon veins. White flowers, lightly tinged pink, bloom in early spring and, although an older variety, its flowers are considered some of the best of all the varieties available. 15” tall including the height of the flowers, spreading slowly to form a clump 12” wide. For shade with rich, reasonably moist soil. Always best planted in groups and very effective in large drifts that form a frothy white wave that electrifies the shade garden in early spring. Foliage remains attractive all season and offers an alternative choice of ground cover form shade. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

    ‘Sugar & Spice’    The prettiest Foamflower we’ve ever seen. Dark, glossy, deeply dissected leaves with a prominent black central blotch. Foliage mounds to 8” with showy pink and white flowers rising an additional 12”, creating a froth of airy flowers from early spring to early summer. For part to full shade, (part shade being morning sun with afternoon shade), with humsy, evenly moist soil. Deer resistant.

Tradescantia mixed divisions      (Spiderwort)  An often overlooked, but useful group of plants. They'll grow almost anywhere and bloom their heads off all season. Cut back hard if plants begin to look tired, fresh foliage will quickly regrow. While it's true that they can become invasive if not kept in check, it's also true that they're indestructible in just about any location, can form an impenetrable weed barrier and, most appealing of all, they provide pretty flowers over a long period.  Attract butterflies. Zones 4.

Tradescantia ‘Sweet Kate’     (Blue 'n Gold) Glowing golden foliage contrasts with gentian-blue flowers all summer, 12". Looks best with some afternoon shade to prevent leaf burn. Cut back hard after first flush of bloom is waning for fresh new growth and another round of flowering. A wonderful plant for both flowers and foliage.

Tricyrtis (Japanese Toad-Lily)     Toad-Lilies are fascinating flowers for very late summer-early fall bloom.  Flowers,usually spotted, bloom at the ends and in the leaf axils of arching stems. Grow in partial shade in moist, fertile soil, in a site where they can be observed up close and personal. 07-PartialShade-s 06-FullShade-s 04-Drip2 03-Drip3 scissors

Tricyrtis Blonde Beauty 175

‘Blonde Beauty’     A striking variegated form with chartreuse foliage edged with medium to dark green margins. With maturity, leaves darken to chartreuse-green. Blooms all along the stems with flowers in shades of chocolate to raspberry, August-October. 2’ tall. Zone 5.

    latifolia    (Early-Flowered Toad Lily) The earliest species to bloom, starting in late May and continuing through summer. Flowers are upward facing, star-shaped, yellow with brown spots, over stiffly erect stems. Native to both China and Japan. Zones 5-8. 18-20 in. Shade to part shade, average to rich soil.

Trollius    All trollius prefer a moist soil and do well when planted near ponds and streams, in moist meadows or in bog gardens. Ample moisture, full sun make for an ideal situation. On drier sites, protection from hot afternoon sun is recommended. Our borders here at the nursery are quite dry, so we do plant trollius in afternoon shade with good results. Trollius make excellent cut flowers. Zone 3.

Trollius europaeus var. compactus ‘Lemon Supreme’   Large, clear, lemon-yellow flowers over compact plants. A seed grown strain that shows increased vigor over field grown divisions. All trollius flower best in sun with evenly moist soil. An excellent choice for the moist, even boggy garden, and for stream or pond side planting. The large, cupped flowers are a delight in the early summer landscape, and they’re beautiful in cut arrangements as well. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

Verbana bonariensis See Tenders.

Verbascum chaixii f. alba New    Semi-evergreen rosettes of large, oblong, crinkled green leaves that diminish in size and frequency as they populate the upper reaches of the erect, 3’ flower stalks. In mid to late summer, saucer-shaped, 1” wide, pale yellow flowers with showy mauve centers pack the tall flower stems putting on a welcome, late-season show. Like all Verbascum, this selection does best on average to poor soil that’s very well drained, full sun to light shade. Plants in our border self-seed willingly in dry, partially shaded places. Deer resistant. Cut well. Zone 5.

Verbascum phoeniceum ‘Rosetta’      36” tall spikes of intense, dark pink flowers in summer above dark green foliage rosettes. Very nice for its eye-catching color, dramatic narrow, vertical form and form its ability to thrive on poor, dry sites in sun. Wait until the very last drop of water has evaporated from the soil before giving any additional water. Zone 5. .

Verbascum Southern Charm

Verbascum ‘Southern Charm’   1½", flowers in luscious pastel shades of peach, gold, rose and lavender crowd tall, 24-30" stems that are launched from dense rosettes of silvery leaves. Flowers begin opening in June and continue for many weeks with excellent rebloom resulting from a hard pruning of spent flower stalks. Tall, stately plants with flowers in very appealing, unique colors. Well suited to hot, full sun locations with average, well drained soil. Allow to dry out between waterings. Nice for cutting. Zone 5.

Vernonia gigantea     A large, late season bloomer displaying showy clusters of bright magenta/purple flowers in late summer. Very tall, towering over the border at 6-8’ tall in a bold show of late season flowers. Site in full sun, in rich, reasonably moist soil, and allow enough room for moderate but steady increase. Given the highest rating in the Chicago Botanic Garden Vernonia trial! Attracts loads of pollinators. Zone 5.                         

Vernonia lettermanii ‘Iron Butterfly’   A discovery for many gardeners, this Ironweed is relatively new to the gardening scene, and, it looks nothing like the very large more familiar types.  Plants resemble Amsonia hubrechtii though only half as large, with long, slender foliage, that’s bright kelly-green, dense and irresistibly touchable, 2-2½ft. high by 3ft. wide. The foliage, alone, earns this perennial a place in the garden, but there are flowers as well. In late summer, just when most other perennials begin losing their summer color, tiny, purple thistle-like flowers overspread the clumps appearing to have fallen into the web of delicate, lacy foliage. A native of Arkansas where it is found growing in moist meadows, in sun to light shade. Once established, plants are quite drought tolerant, as we have found to be the case with all Vernonia we've grown. 2nd runner-up to Buddleia in the best-butterfly-attracting-plant category. Zone 4.


Vernonia noveboracensis    (New York Ironweed) Bold plants that stage a showy display of deep reddish purple flowers in late summer. Strong, upright stems form tight, hefty clumps that in time can be divided, though not without the expenditure of a good deal of effort. In full sun, with rich, deep and moist soil, plants can become the focal point of the late summer- early fall border. Depending on conditions, height ranges from 4-8'.  Zone 3.

Vernonia noveboracensis ‘White Lightning’ New    The New York Iron Weed has been a favorite in our borders for years, so we’re really excited to add this new, white flowering form to the mix. It possesses all the winning traits of the species, i.g., large imposing size, dramatic late season flowers, ease of culture but, in addition, brings a whole new color choice. White umbles tower over the late season garden on 6’-7’ tall, sturdy, upright stems. Clump forming, pest free and easy to grow in full sun with rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil. Cuts well. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Veronica    This is a large genus containing many fine garden plants ranging in height from 1in. to 3ft. and exhibiting flowers in shades of white, pink and purple and every nuance thereof. Growing requirements are minimal, consisting only of a need for full sun in average or better, well drained soil, with a reasonable amount of moisture. Valuable for showy flowers over a long period, especially when deadheaded.  It’s important to allow enough space around plants to ensure good air circulation.  Zone 4.

    ‘Blue Skywalker’ New     A taller Speedwell with a dense vertical form, dark green leaves and lots of lavender blue flower spikes that cover the top half of the clumps from early summer into early fall. 30" tall. A thorough dead-heading in mid to late summer will extend the bloom through Sept. As well as having attractive, long blooming flowers, and a tight vertical form, plants attract butterflies, hummingbirds and a wide range of pollinators. Deer resistant. For sun to very light shade with average soil. Zone 3.

    longifolia ‘First Glory’    Compact, low-growing, forming a dense mound of green foliage. In early summer, flower spikes of dark, royal purple begin blooming and continue for many weeks. Strong rebloomer. Removing spent flowers will encourage further bloom, good rebloomer. At only 15” high, it’s perfect for adding strong color and sharp, vertical accent to the front and mid border areas. Best in full sun with soil that remains reasonably moist,(though well-drained), through the season. Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. Deer resistant. Zone 5.

    longifolia ‘First Lady’    A compact variety with snow white flowers spikes against deep, forest-green foliage. Flowers starting in early summer and continuing for weeks; cutting off spent blooms will encourage re-blooming. Does best in full sun, in average or better, reasonably moist, well-drained soil. Lower growing with a clumping habit, and flower spikes to around 15". A stunner! We saw it last year for the first time and knew it was special. Zone 4.

Veronica p Waterperry Blue

Veronica peduncularis ‘Waterperry Blue’    Sky blue flowers with a white eye blanket the deep bronze foliage in April-May. The small to tiny leaves are an attractive dark, purplish-green in large foliage mats 3” high by 18-20” wide. Plants require full sun and average to good soil that remains reasonably moist through the summer. Looks great cascading over edging rocks, weaving its way through taller perennials, and in containers. Zone 4.

    peduncularis ‘Whitewater’     Discovered as a sport of ‘Waterperry’ with pure white, instead of sky blue, flowers. Habit is low, only 6” high, and spreading to form large mats of ground-hugging foliage, deep bronze in spring then becoming bronze/green in summer. In April and May, a profusion of white flowers glisten against the dark bronze foliage. When flowering has finished, the foliage can be cut back to maintain a dense, tidy mat. For sun to very light shade with average, well-drained soil. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Veronica p Azted Gold 175

prostrata ‘Aztec Gold’    Brilliant golden foliage with bright blue flowers in late spring, 1’ tall. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant. Zone 4.

    spicata ‘Purpleicious’   Vibrant purple spikes rise above deep green foliage to a height of 18”. Begins blooming in late spring and continues well into summer. Plants are dense, upright, forming neat clumps that look great in small groups and larger drifts. They also make tidy border edging plants and add excitment to mixed containers. Grow in full sun, in average soil, considered drought tolerant. Good for cutting. Zone 4.

    spicata ‘Red Fox’    Rich, dark pink, strongly vertical flower spikes, 15ins. high over low, spreading, mat-forming foliage that can measure up to 2’ across. One of my favorite Veronicas for its abundant, richly colored flowers that bloom on and on for up to five weeks. For a full sun exposure with average, well-drained soil.

Veronicastrum sibiricum     (Siberian Culver's Root) A Russian species that grows straight upward without any lateral branching and is topped by a single flower spike of lavender-purple. Much slower growing than our American native, with a more restrained habit that will not elbow out its border companions. Valuable for its late summer flowers and its contribution of strong, vertical accent in formal borders and in meadow gardens. 5' tall, maybe taller. I've repeatedly  planted divisions in dry soil in places where I needed height, each time convinced that I could make it work. Of course, it never did work. I accepted defeat and planted into rich, evenly moist soil, in sun and plants performed beautifully. Attracts butterflies, nice for cutting. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

    sibiricum      (Siberian Culver's Root) A Russian species that grows straight upward without any lateral branching and is topped by a single flower spike of lavender-purple. Much slower growing than our American native, with a more restrained habit that will not elbow out its border companions. Valuable for its late summer flowers and its contribution of strong, vertical accent in formal borders and in meadow gardens. 5' tall, maybe taller. For rich, evenly moist soil, in sun. Attracts butterflies, nice for cutting. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

    virginicum ‘Apollo’   Long, tridant-shaped, lavender blue flower spikes held above the foliage on tall stems. The upright flower clusters together with the attractive whorled pattern in the way the leaves attache to the stems create a candelabra effect. Valuable for its strong architectural features and for its summer flowers. 3-4' tall, blooms June-July. Performs best in rich, though well-drained, reasonably moist soil, in full soil. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant. Zone 3.     

VINCA minor (Myrtle)     Indestructible, low-growing, evergreen groundcover. Zone 4. When all is said and done, vinca emerges as one of the toughest groundcovers available. It will grow in sun and shade, in wet or dry soils. One of the most impressive examples I've ever seen is at The Mount in Lenox, Massachusetts where vast portions of the ground in a dark hemlock forest are beautifully carpeted with thick, lush mats of the plants. Zone 4.  08-FullSun-s 07-PartialShade-s 06-FullShade-s 05-Drip 04-Drip2 03-Drip3           

    minor ‘Bowles Variety’    Deep, lavender-blue flowers that are larger than the species.

Viola labriodorica 175

Viola labradorica    Small,(only 4-6ins. tall), modestly spreading violets with rich, bronze foliage and tiny blue flowers for most of the growing season. Does nicely in our partially shaded garden where it self-seeds around, filling gaps between rocks and, in more open areas, spreading enough to serve as timid groundcover. Also works well as an underplanting beneath shade loving shrubs such as Rhododendrons. Zone 3.

Viola pedata Bird-Foot Violet; see under Woodland Flowers

Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’     The best gold centered variegated yucca, whose brightness increases in mid summer just when other yuccas begin to fade. 2-3' clumps of sharp tipped leaves give rise to 6' flower stalks. For full sun with average, well-drained soil. A distinct garden presence that lends sharp contrast to most other perennials. Also substantial enough to be combined with smaller shrubs. Zone 5.

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Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066



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