Bay State Perennial Farm



Bay State Perennial Farm is known for its wide selection of perennials. Plants are listed alphabetically by their latin names and can be located by clicking on the first letter of the plant name in the alphabet above.

Stachys macrantha 400

Stachys macrantha (grandiflora)

Sagina subulata    Emerald-green, moss-like, low, mat-forming foliage with tiny white flowers in spring. Best in sandy, gravely, but not dry soils. One of the best fillers for between stepping stones. Zone 4. 07-PartialShade-s 08-FullSun-s 05-Drip 04-Drip2

    subulata ‘Aurea’    Low, dense, moss-like, 1in. high golden mats. Tiny white flowers in May-June. Best color in more light. Needs good drainage. Zone 3. 

Salvia argentea    Large wooly silver leaves are topped by 2-4' flowering stalks, bearing white flowers tinged with yellow or pink. Prompt removal of the flowering stalks keeps the more attractive foliage looking its best. Biennial. Zone 5 with protection and excellent winter drainage.

Salvia azurea     (Picture Sage) A season extending, late bloomer with azure blue flowers on tall, airy stems reaching anywhere from 3-5ft. tall. Outstanding at the back of the border combined with those other late season standards such as Heliopsis, Helianthus, Rubeckia ‘Herbstonne and Silphum. Stems may require support which can be achieve by tucking them in amongst strong stemmed companions. Native from southern Canada to Arkansas. Prefers rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil in full sun. Blooms from late August into October, Blooms begins later if plants have been cut back earlier in the season to control height. Zone 4.

    nemorosa ‘April Night’     It’s hard to improve on such a popular plant but, as the saying goes, there’s always room for improvement. ‘April Night’ blooms 2-3 weeks earlier than ‘May Night’, in early June. It has a better branching habit and stronger stems. Flower color differs from ‘May Knight’ in having an exciting hint of magenta diffused through the deep purple spikes.

    nemorosa ‘Blue Marvel’ New     Large blue flowers, the largest we’ve seen yet on a salvia. Flower spikes are dense, tightly packed with bright blue/purple flowers for many weeks. Still at peak bloom in mid June and showing no signs of slowing down. All our other nemerosa types, with the exception of ‘Caradonna’, are pretty much past bloom. Some rebloom if cut back after the main flowering in June. 1’ tall, attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, resists deer. Combines beautifully with Achillea ‘Moonshine’ and Oenothera fruticosa ‘Fireworks’.  Zone 3.

Salvia n. 'Caradonna'

Salvia nemorosa ‘Caradonna’     24-30” blue-purple flowers, with glowing purple stems, begin blomming in early summer and continue in bloom for many weeks. Flower stems are distinctly upright and never succumb to the unsightly flopping seen in many other Salvia varieties. Past-bloom flower stems remain ornamental. Zone 4.

Salvia New Dim Bl

Salvia nemorosa ‘New Dimension Blue’    Very compact with full, richly colored deep blue flower spikes, May-June. Clumps to only 8" high and succeed in average, well drained soil, in hot full sun. The taller nemorosa types are first class perennials well suited to mid border use. 'New Dimension Blue' retains all the excellent qualities of its taller relative but in a smaller, irresistible plant that's perfect for those hot dry spots at the very front of the sunny border. Also great for container gardening. Zone 5.

    nemorosa ‘New Dimension Rose’   Very compact with full, rose-violet flower spikes, May-June. Clumps to only 8" high and succeeds in average, well drained soil, in hot full sun. The taller nemorosa types are first class perennials well suited to mid border use. 'New Dimension Rose' retains all the excellent qualities of its taller relative but in a smaller, irresistible plant that's perfect for those hot, dry spots at the very front of the sunny border. Also great for container gardening. Zone 5.

    nutans new    An intriguing new salvia, very different looking from the usual garden forms, with a sparse, low mound of leaves that remind me of Stachys macrantha leaves, large,(2½”-3” long), quite wide though not rounded, toothed, matte green. In May and June, 4’ tall, branched, leafless flower stalks arise carrying at their tips large, dangling, purple clusters of Wisteria-like blooms. Very different for the way the stem tips actually make a 180 degree arc as though weighed down by the flower clusters. Though 4’ tall, plants have a spare, whimsical look that adds greatly to their appeal. For sun with average soil. Plants become very drought tolerant once established. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, deer resistant. Cuts well. Zone 5.

    pratensis ‘Sweet Esmerelda’   Meadow Sages are characterized by their bold, less dense, less formal appearance which makes them so at home in both meadow gardens and in borders. ‘Sweet Esmerelda’ is valued for its long lasting display of dark pink flowers carried throughout the summer season on branched flower stalks 18”-20” tall, over tight rosettes of medium green, wrinkled leaves. Remove faded blooms to encourage repeat flowering. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Resistant to rabbits and deer. Tolerates heat and humidity but appreciates a soil that does not dry out. Cuts well. Zone 3.

    ‘Embers Wish’, ‘Love and Wishes, ‘Wendy’s Wish’,  See under Tenders

Sanguisorba menziesii   Small, deep maroon-red, bottlebrush-like flower spikes flutter atop 32in. strong, slender stems, Aug.-Sept. The compound, tropical-looking leaves are gray/green with leaflets scalloped around the edges.  The subtle but uniquely shaped and intensely colored bottlebrushes are great for injecting unexpected shots of color here and there throughout the late summer, mixed border. Blooms July-Aug.  Grow in sun to part shade with reasonable moisture. Zone 5.

Santolina chamaecyparissus     (Lavender Cotton)  Fragrant, dense mound of attractive grayish-silver foliage with small, bright yellow flowers in summer. Often used for edging of walks and borders. Also popular for use in herb gardens as well as perennial borders. Sun-loving and drought tolerant when established.

Saponaria o. #2 175

Saponaria ocymoides (Rock Soapwort)    Masses of pink, ½in. blooms in late spring over low, 10in. high, trailing and spreading mats of foliage. Extremely effective when planted at the front of the sunny border, at the edges of stone walkways and patios and at the tops of walls so that stems drape softly over the edge.  Zone 2.  08-FullSun-s 05-Drip 04-Drip2 02-Butterfly 01-Hummingbirds

Scutellaria incana     (Skullcap) One of the showiest Skullcaps when in flower, with branched spikes of blue hooded flowers in late summer. Native to the Eastern U.S. Zones 3-9. 20-30 in. Sun to part shade, moist to dry soil.

Sedum (Stonecrop)   Indestructible ornamentals for the sunny border and rock garden, Sedums contribute not only attractive flowers, usually towards the end of the season, but also bold, architectural form and foliage that contrasts so effectively with so many other plants, and, holds its appeal for the entire season. Even better, it does all these great things with very little water.   08-FullSun-s 05-Drip 04-Drip2 02-Butterfly scissors

Low Varieties     Perfect for the rock garden, tucked into stone walls, or as edging plants in the border.

    album ‘Coral Carpet’ New     Small, 3”-6” high, spreading mats of bead-like, succulent leaves, coral colored in spring, turning green in summer and then bronze in late fall/winter. White flowers in early summer. Terrific for squeezing between boulders and paving stones, and for placing in miniature and rock gardens. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

    album ‘Red Ice’ New    Low, spreading mats of blue-green, elongated, bean-like foliage, 3”-6” tall, turns deep blood-red in winter. White flowers in June-July. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

    ‘Carl’    Distinguished from 'Autumn Joy' by its compact habit and large clusters of brilliant magenta pink flowers held on reddish stems. Forms a dense, mounding clump of grey-green foliage only 18" high. Blooms late summer into mid fall,- one of the prettiest flowers in our late season garden. Zone 3.

    cauticola ‘Lidakense’     Low, perfectly round, 3-4in. high cushions of beautiful, eucalyptus-like, blue/gray leaves, edged with purple. Pink flowers in Sept. Zone 3.A sedum that's always fresh looking with fine-textured, lustrous green scalloped leaves that turn red in winter. In June, plants are covered with gold flowers that eventually phase into decorative red seedheads adding additional garden interest. 8" high with a spreading habit. Attracts butterflies. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

    hakonense ‘Chocolate Ball’    Low, spreading mounds of chocolate colored, succulent foliage that changes to red in fall, 6”-8” tall by 12”-14” wide. Yellow flowers in mid-summer. Provides striking color and textural contrast to other hardy, similar growing succulents such as the bright yellow Sedum ‘Angelina’ and the silvery blue leafed Sedum ‘Blue Spruce. A welcome addition to the rock garden, well-drained, mixed containers with other plants with low water requirements, and in well-drained miniature gardens. Perfect for wedging between edging boulders. For full sun with very well-draining soil. Deer and rabbit resistant. Zone 4.

    rupestre ‘Angelina’     low, spreading carpets of bright golden, needle-like foliage that takes on strong orange tones. Can be a bit of a nuisance because of its eagerness to spread, but its brilliant colors can look sensational when used effectively such as flowing over boulders, in troughs and other mixed containers and drapping down retaining walls. I like it a lot but I keep a close eye on it and, when it gets too ambitious, I just yank out the unwanted parts. Hot full sun, average, but well-drained soil.

Sedum sieboldii

Sedum sieboldii     5-6in. high by 12in. wide mounds of round, bluish gray leaves with showy, narrow, red margins. In colder climates, leaves turn attractively pinkish very late in the season, just when the pink flowers start to appear. Grows in neat, tight clumps that are effective for edging, for rock gardens, especially when wedged between stones, and, mixed containers. Hot, full sun and and average soil. Zone 3.


    spurium ‘John Creech’   Pink blooms on a very low-growing, spreading Sedum. The attractive small, round, green leaves are very dense, offering good groundcover benefit. Spread is moderately fast, not rampant and jetting off in all direction and into areas it was not ment to go. Suitable for rock gardens, for wedging between paving stones and inserting between edging stones, also for general border use. Looks good in mixed containers. 2" high, with pink flowers in June. One of the best low-growing Sedum. Zone 3.

    spurium ‘Tricolor’     Variegated pink, white, and green foliage with mauve pink flowers in July. Low, spreading habit that looks fantastic even without flowers. 6" tall. Attracts butterflies, deer ressistant. Zone 3.

Sedum Dazzleberry 175 2016

Sunsparkler® Dazzleberry     Compact, smoky blue-gray foliage makes an attractive groundcover throughout the season. 8” high by 12”- 14” wide with 6”-8” diameter raspberry pink flowerheads that put on a dazzling display from late summer to fall. Gets lots of attention in our borders where we have it combined with the bright green foliage and golf ball-sized rosy pink globes of Allium ‘Millennium’. Drought tolerant, deer resistant. Zone 4.

    Sunsparkler® Firecracker     An improved ‘Cherry Tart’ with much greater vigor and a more robust habit with a densely branched, weed-supprssing habit, 6” high by 18” wide. Starting in mid-summer, plants put on a strong show of burgundy red foliage that lasts until frost. Vibrant pink flowers in late summer attract butterflies. Rabbit resistant. Zone 4.

    Sunsparkler® Jade tuffet     Compact growing at only 14” tall with uniquely narrow leaves attached to cherry red stems. Starting in mid-summer, large trusses of dark pink flowers cover the foliage. Its tight, clumping habit is perfect for smaller gardens, for edging and for planting groups of accent effect. Also nice in well-drained, mixed containers with other low-water plants. Zone 4.

Sedum Lime Twister 175

Sedum Sunsparkler™ Lime Zinger    Lime green foliage ringed with a distinct red edge that appears in cooler weather. Hot pink flowers bloom from late summer through September without fading. Only 6” high with a spreading habit. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Taller Varieties 

    ‘Autumn Charm’    A sport of ‘Autumn Joy” with grey-green leaves generously edged in butter yellow. Unlike many other variegated Sedum, the color of ‘Autumn Charm’ is very stable and does not revert to all green. Cream colored buds open to light pink flowers. Plants form large, upright clumps that make a bold impact in the sunny border. Easy to grow in sun, with average or better, well-drained soil. Looks great combined with the dark burgundy leaves of Eupatorium r. ‘Chocolate’ and the fine, wispy foliage and rose/purple flowers of Vernonia letermanii ‘Iron Butterfly’. 18” high, zone 3.

    ‘Autumn Delight’   Upright stems with chartreuse-yellow leaves traced with a narrow, blue-green, serrated edge. Cream buds open to large clusters of light pink flowers. Bronze seed heads. 24” tall. Attracts butterflies, rabbit resistant. Zone 3.

    Autumn Fire’  An improved 'Autumn Joy' selected for its tighter growth habit, thicker foliage, and more brightly colored rosy flower heads.  Flowers begin rosy pink in late summer, then age to salmon bronze and finish deep coppery red in fall. An easy-to-grow plant that not only tolerates drought, but seems to thrive in it. Strong, upright stems maintain an excellent, non-flopping habit for an attractive season-long display. Full sun, good drainage. Zone 3.

Sedum 'Aut. Joy'

Sedum 'Autumn Joy'    Coral blooms in early fall, deepening to rust by winter, 2'. Good winter interest.

    ‘Elsie’s Gold’   An upright, compact, clump-forming habit with large succulent leaves rimmed with warm, golden yellow margins that fade to soft creamy-white by fall. Thick, broccoli-like flower clusters open soft pink and age to magenta as they bloom over a long period from mid summer into fall. 12" high by 12" wide, sturdy and non-flopping. Likes full sun with average or better soil that's moist but well drained. Its smaller, upright habit makes it easy to place in the border and in containers. Also useful for cutting and drying. Zone 4.

    ‘Mr. Goodbud’    Large, 5”-6” across clusters of vibrant purple-pink flowers on purple-red stems atop compact, upright clumps of deep blue-green, serrated foliage. These strong, shorter stems resist flopping, 16” tall. Attracts butterflies, resists rabbits. Eagerly sought out by late season foraging pollinators. Zone 3.

    ‘Raspberry Truffle’    Upright, non-flopping stems with rich, deep purple foliage and raspberry-red flowers in July. Valuable for its upright habit, deep purple foliage and showy mid-summer flowers. More compact and refined than S. ‘Matrona’ and ‘Purple Emperor’. 1’ tall. Zone 3.

    ‘Thundercloud’   Neat, upright growing with attractive, heavily dissected, light green, succulent foliage. In late summer, white flowers bloom in profusion just above the foliage. Forms a sweet, compact, well-behaved clump, 8” tall by 12” tall. Very cute. Endearing for its tidy habit, uniquely toothed foliage and white flowers. For full sun with average or better, well-drained soil. Zone 4.

SEMPERVIVUM (Hens and Chicks)     Native to the central Alps of Europe, and through the mountainous regions of Russia and Asia Minor, thriving where most plants would perish. Adapted to sunny places where drainage is excellent , sunny rock gardens, rock walls, between flagstones, etc., actually preferring these inhosbitable spots to sites with rich moist loam. All are low growing, ground hugging, with succulent, rosette forming leaves. The flowering rosettes, called "hens" often die after flowering, leaving the "chicks" to carry on for another year. Zone 3.  08-FullSun-s 05-Drip  

Sidalcea Party Girl

Sidalcea‘Party Girl’   Sometimes called the Miniature Hollyhock with 3’ spikes ringed with 1½”-2” wide, mallow-like, rosy/pink flowers through summer. Stems are decidedly upright, not branched, creating effective vertical accent to contrast with other mounding or low growing companions. For sunny borders with rich, reasonably moist but well-drained soil. Attracts butterflies and nice for cutting. Zone 4.

Silphium perfoliatum (Cup Plant)     A North American native adapted to rich, evenly moist soil in open woodlands or prairies. Numerous erect stems form massive clumps, 6-8ft. high with large, loose clusters of yellow, daisy-like flowers from July to Sept. Well used at the back of the perennial border and at the edge of properties where they will be conspicuous from distant viewing points. I find it completely troublefree, in fact I planted it some years ago in a rather dry spot and then forgot about it. It has done very well and I've come to value its sturdy, architechurally impressive stems and leaves as well as the showy, long-season bloom. Zone 3.  

Spigelia marilandica see under Woodland Flowers

Stachys byzantina ‘Helen von Stein’    (Giant Lamb's Ear) Large, velvety soft, gray-green leaves, twice as big as those of S. 'Silver Carpet'. Forms impressive, moderately fast spreading clumps that thrive in hot, well-drained places. Though listed as a non-flowering cultivar, plant may throw up the occasional flower. Said to be much less prone to leaf rot under hot and humid conditions. 8-10" high. Zone 4.

     byzantina ‘Silver Carpet’     Leaves are velvety soft, silver, and shaped like - and feel like - a lamb’s ear. A moderately fast spreading groundcover for dry, sunny spots. Though promoted as a non-flowering cultivar, it may now and then put up a flower. Zone 5.

     macrantha (grandiflora)      Dense clumps of attractively crinkled, slightly glossy, bean-green leaves, 3ins. long, decreasing in size higher up on the stems.  Flower spikes rise 8-12ins. above the thick basal foliage carrying large, bright rosy-purple flowers in dense whorls. Requires better soil and more moisture than its cousins, those plants-of-last-resort, the lamb’s ears. Zone 5. 

Stachys monnieri 'Hummelo'

Stachys monieri ‘Hummelo’     Getting to like this Stachys more and more for its sturdy, upright flower stems topped with bright, rose-purple, tight, bottlebrush-like flower clusters displayed well above a dense rosette of fresh, mint-green leaves. Plants have a handsome, tidy appearance that keeps them looking fresh and vigorous throughout the season. Most effective in groups but strategically placed specimens will draw lots of attention as well. Blooms for several weeks in early to mid-summer, preferring decent soil in full sun. Overall height is 16-18”. Zone 4.

    officinalis ‘Pink Cotton Candy’     Similar to Stachy monieri ‘Hummelo’ but with plump wands of cotton candy pink flowers. Forms a tidy clump of green basal foliage topped with loads of showy flower spikes. May rebloom in fall. 24” tall, blooms early-mid summer and prefers sun or very light shade, with rich, evenly moist but well drained soil. Introduced by the Chicago Botanic Garden. Zone 4.

Stokesia 'Peachies Pick'175 ours nice

Stokesia ‘Peachie’s Pick’    Not peach colored. Named for the Mississippi plantswoman who discovered it, Peachie Saxton. Lavender-blue flowers much larger and a bit later than other types. Upright habit, deep green foliage. We grew it last year for the first time and were impressed with its large, richly colored flowers and its, all-around good garden performance. Zone 5.

Symphyandra zanzegur    (Rock Bellflower)  A shade tolerant, Campanula look-alike that joins the relatively small group of plants that bloom all summer, in shade. Flowers are blue, bell-shaped, nodding at the tops of 8-12" stems over low mounds of attractive, dark green, serrated leaves. Clumps fill out to 12-18" wide. Valued for their long bloom and ease of culture. Useful for wedging between edging rocks and for scattering amongst medium to large leaved shade plants such as Brunnera 'Jack Frost' for a pleasant mix of flowers and foliage through summer. Easy in part to heavier shade, with rich, well-drained soil. Zone 5.

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Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066



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