Bay State Perennial Farm



Bay State Perennial Farm is known for its wide selection of perennials. Plants are listed alphabetically by their latin names and can be located by clicking on the first letter of the plant name in the alphabet above.

Stachys macrantha 400

Stachys macrantha (grandiflora)

Sagina subulata    Emerald-green, moss-like, low, mat-forming foliage with tiny white flowers in spring. Best in sandy, gravely, but not dry soils. One of the best fillers for between stepping stones. Zone 4. 07-PartialShade-s 08-FullSun-s 05-Drip 04-Drip2

    subulata ‘Aurea’    Low, dense, moss-like, 1in. high golden mats. Tiny white flowers in May-June. Best color in more light. Needs good drainage. Zone 3. 

Salvia argentea    Large wooly silver leaves are topped by 2-4' flowering stalks, bearing white flowers tinged with yellow or pink. Prompt removal of the flowering stalks keeps the more attractive foliage looking its best. Biennial. Zone 5 with protection and excellent winter drainage.

Salvia azurea 174

Salvia azurea     (Picture Sage) A season extending, late bloomer with azure blue flowers on tall, airy stems reaching anywhere from 3-5ft. tall. Outstanding at the back of the border combined with those other late season standards such as Heliopsis, Helianthus, Rubeckia ‘Herbstonne and Silphum. Stems may require support which can be achieve by tucking them in amongst strong stemmed companions. Early season cutting-back will keep them somewhat lower and sturdier. Native from southern Canada to Arkansas. Prefers rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil in full sun. Blooms from late August into October, Blooms begins later if plants have been cut back earlier in the season to control height. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

    nemorosa ‘April Night’     It’s hard to improve on such a popular plant but, as the saying goes, there’s always room for improvement. ‘April Night’ blooms 2-3 weeks earlier than ‘May Night’, in early June. It has a better branching habit and stronger stems. Flower color differs from ‘May Knight’ in having an exciting hint of magenta diffused through the deep purple spikes.

    nemorosa ‘Blue Marvel’     Large blue flowers, the largest we’ve seen yet on a salvia. Flower spikes are especially dense and tightly packed with bright blue/purple flowers for many weeks. Still at peak bloom in mid June and showing no signs of slowing down. Cut back after the main flowering in June to promote additional bloom. 1’ tall, attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, resists deer. Combines beautifully with Achillea ‘Moonshine’ and Oenothera fruticosa ‘Fireworks’.  Zone 3.

Salvia n. 'Caradonna'

Salvia nemorosa ‘Caradonna’     24-30” blue-purple flowers, with glowing purple stems, begin blomming in early summer and continue in bloom for many weeks. Flower stems are distinctly upright and never succumb to the unsightly flopping seen in many other Salvia varieties. Past-bloom flower stems remain ornamental. Zone 4.

Salvia New Dim Bl

Salvia nemorosa ‘New Dimension Blue’    Very compact with full, richly colored deep blue flower spikes, May-June. Clumps to only 8" high and succeed in average, well drained soil, in hot full sun. The taller nemorosa types are first class perennials well suited to mid border use. 'New Dimension Blue' retains all the excellent qualities of its taller relative but in a smaller, irresistible plant that's perfect for those hot dry spots at the very front of the sunny border. Also great for container gardening. Zone 5.

    nemorosa ‘New Dimension Rose’   Very compact with full, rose-violet flower spikes, May-June. Clumps to only 8" high and succeeds in average, well drained soil, in hot full sun. The taller nemorosa types are first class perennials well suited to mid border use. 'New Dimension Rose' retains all the excellent qualities of its taller relative but in a smaller, irresistible plant that's perfect for those hot, dry spots at the very front of the sunny border. Also great for container gardening. Zone 5

    nemorosa ‘Rose Marvel’ New 2018     With all the shades of blue available today, this pink salvia makes a refreshing change. Large, deep rose-pink flowers crowd the stems building into a dense, noticeably bulked-up spike. Blooms in June for many weeks and will rebloom for many more weeks if cut back after the initial bloom, 1’ tall. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Zone 3.

    nutans    An intriguing new salvia, very different looking from the usual garden forms, with a sparse, low mound of leaves that remind me of Stachys macrantha leaves, large,(2½”-3” long), quite wide though not rounded, toothed, matte green. In May and June, 4’ tall, branched, leafless flower stalks arise carrying at their tips large, dangling, purple clusters of Wisteria-like blooms. Very different for the way the stem tips actually make a 180 degree arc as though weighed down by the flower clusters. Though 4’ tall, plants have a spare, whimsical look that adds greatly to their appeal. For sun with average soil. Plants become very drought tolerant once established. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, deer resistant. Cuts well. Zone 5.

    verticillata ‘Purple Rain’    Smoky purple flowers bloom on long stems in summer. A unique shade of purple, quite unique, contrasting perfectly with yellow coreopsis, shasta daisies and the orange flowered Geum, 'Totally Tangerine’. Blooms July-September. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, deer resistant. All salvias respond well to hard pruning and will quickly regrow into fresh, flowering plants. Zone 4.

    ‘Embers Wish’, ‘Love and Wishes, ‘Wendy’s Wish’,  See under Tenders

Sanguisorba menziesii   Small, deep maroon-red, bottlebrush-like flower spikes flutter atop 32in. strong, slender stems, Aug.-Sept. The compound, tropical-looking leaves are gray/green with leaflets scalloped around the edges.  The subtle but uniquely shaped and intensely colored bottlebrushes are great for injecting unexpected shots of color here and there throughout the late summer, mixed border. Blooms July-Aug.  Grow in sun to part shade with reasonable moisture. Zone 5.

Santolina chamaecyparissus     (Lavender Cotton)  Fragrant, dense mound of attractive grayish-silver foliage with small, bright yellow flowers in summer. Often used for edging of walks and borders. Also popular for use in herb gardens as well as perennial borders. Sun-loving and drought tolerant when established.

Saponaria o. #2 175

Saponaria ocymoides (Rock Soapwort)    Masses of pink, ½in. blooms in late spring over low, 10in. high, trailing and spreading mats of foliage. Extremely effective when planted at the front of the sunny border, at the edges of stone walkways and patios and at the tops of walls so that stems drape softly over the edge.  Zone 2.  08-FullSun-s 05-Drip 04-Drip2 02-Butterfly 01-Hummingbirds

Sedum (Stonecrop)   Indestructible ornamentals for the sunny border and rock garden, Sedums contribute not only attractive flowers, usually towards the end of the season, but also bold, architectural form and foliage that contrasts so effectively with so many other plants, and, holds its appeal for the entire season. Even better, it does all these great things with very little water.   08-FullSun-s 05-Drip 04-Drip2 02-Butterfly scissors

Low Varieties     Perfect for the rock garden, tucked into stone walls, or as edging plants in the border.

    album ‘Coral Carpet’    Small, 3”-6” high, spreading mats of bead-like, succulent leaves, coral colored in spring, turning green in summer and then bronze in late fall/winter. White flowers in early summer. Terrific for squeezing between boulders and paving stones, and for placing in miniature and rock gardens. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

Sedum Carl 175

Sedum ‘Carl’    Distinguished from 'Autumn Joy' by its compact habit and large clusters of brilliant magenta pink flowers held on reddish stems. Forms a dense, mounding clump of grey-green foliage only 18" high. Blooms late summer into mid fall,- one of the prettiest flowers in our late season garden. Zone 3.

    hakonense ‘Chocolate Ball’    Low, spreading mounds of chocolate colored, succulent foliage that changes to red in fall, 6”-8” tall by 12”-14” wide. Yellow flowers in mid-summer. Provides striking color and textural contrast to other hardy, similar growing succulents such as the bright yellow Sedum ‘Angelina’ and the silvery blue leafed Sedum ‘Blue Spruce. A welcome addition to the rock garden, well-drained, mixed containers with other plants with low water requirements, and in well-drained miniature gardens. Perfect for wedging between edging boulders. For full sun with very well-draining soil. Deer and rabbit resistant. Zone 4.

Sedum Little Miss Sunshine

Sedum ‘Little Miss Sunshine’ New 2018    Very tidy compact habit, forming a perfect mound of glossy, dark green foliage, 8” high. In July, a profusion of yellow flowers in button-like clusters cover the top of the foliage dome. For full sun, with average, well-drained soil. Low to medium water requirement. Looks great as edger or specimen plant. Especially nice in rock gardens and in containers. Attracts butterflies, rabbit resistant. Zone 3.

    rupestre ‘Angelina’     low, spreading carpets of bright golden, needle-like foliage that takes on strong orange tones. Can be a bit of a nuisance because of its eagerness to spread, but its brilliant colors can look sensational when used effectively such as flowing over boulders, in troughs and other mixed containers and drapping down retaining walls. I like it a lot but I keep a close eye on it and, when it gets too ambitious, I just yank out the unwanted parts. Hot full sun, average, but well-drained soil.

Sedum sieboldii

Sedum sieboldii     5-6in. high by 12in. wide mounds of round, bluish gray leaves with showy, narrow, red margins. In colder climates, leaves turn attractively pinkish very late in the season, just when the pink flowers start to appear. Grows in neat, tight clumps that are effective for edging, for rock gardens, especially when wedged between stones, and, mixed containers. Hot, full sun and and average soil. Zone 3.


Sedum Dazzleberry 175 2016

Sunsparkler® Dazzleberry     Compact, smoky blue-gray foliage makes an attractive groundcover throughout the season. 8” high by 12”- 14” wide with 6”-8” diameter raspberry pink flowerheads that put on a dazzling display from late summer to fall. Gets lots of attention in our borders where we have it combined with the bright green foliage and golf ball-sized rosy pink globes of Allium ‘Millennium’. Drought tolerant, deer resistant. Zone 4.

    Sunsparkler® Firecracker     An improved ‘Cherry Tart’ with much greater vigor and a more robust habit with a densely branched, weed-supprssing habit, 6” high by 18” wide. Starting in mid-summer, plants put on a strong show of burgundy red foliage that lasts until frost. Vibrant pink flowers in late summer attract butterflies. Rabbit resistant. Zone 4.

    Sunsparkler® Jade tuffet     Compact growing at only 14” tall with uniquely narrow leaves attached to cherry red stems. Starting in mid-summer, large trusses of dark pink flowers cover the foliage. Its tight, clumping habit is perfect for smaller gardens, for edging and for planting groups of accent effect. Also nice in well-drained, mixed containers with other low-water plants. Zone 4.

Sedum Sunspark Wildfire

Sedum Sunsparkler™ Wildfire New 2018     Similar to ‘Firecracker’ but with a pink edge around the deep burgundy leaf. The emerging foliage is dark burgundy and the variegation develops as the plant matures. Perfectly mounding, rounded habit, 6-12” tall Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Taller Varieties 

    ‘Abbeydore’    A unique, compact Sedum that’s noteworthy for its beautiful, rosy pink flowers that bloom in late summer. Forms a tidy, mid-sized clump of green/blue foliage that displays reddish coloring at the leaf margins in fall. This is a sedum of a different stripe that brings bright color to the late-season sunny border, offering an alternative to the frequently seen types. 14-16” tall. Zone 3.

Sedum Autumn Fire 175

Sedum Autumn Fire’  An improved 'Autumn Joy' selected for its tighter growth habit, thicker foliage, and more brightly colored rosy flower heads.  Flowers begin rosy pink in late summer, then age to salmon bronze and finish deep coppery red in fall. An easy-to-grow plant that not only tolerates drought, but seems to thrive in it. Strong, upright stems maintain an excellent, non-flopping habit for an attractive season-long display. Full sun, good drainage. Zone 3.

    'Autumn Joy'    A long time favorite sedum with big, beefy flower heads that open deep rose, then age to russet, finally turning a beautiful bronze, 24” tall. Seed heads remain attractive through winter. Medium to low water requirements. Attracts butterflies, rabbit resistant. Cuts and dries well. 

Sedum Maestrro 175

Sedum ‘Maestro’ (Rock & Grow®   An excellent sport of S. 'Matrona' with a strongly upright, non-flopping, compact habit and blue-green flolage that turns purple as the season progresses. Bright purple stems carry large clusters of red buds that open to light pink flowers. 24-30" tall. Zone 3.

    ‘Mr. Goodbud’    Large, 5”-6” across clusters of vibrant purple-pink flowers on purple-red stems atop compact, upright clumps of deep blue-green, serrated foliage. These strong, shorter stems resist flopping, 16” tall. Attracts butterflies, resists rabbits. Eagerly sought out by late season foraging pollinators. Zone 3.

    ‘Night Embers’ New 2018  Develops a strictly upright habit of dark black-purple, semi-glossy succulent leaves, 2' tall. Small clusters of light mauve pink flowers are produced on deep red stems, late summer-fall. With a narrow base and vase-like habit, this perennial combines well with shorter companions in a limited space. Attracts butterflies and many other pollinators, deer resistant. Zone 3.

    Pock ‘N Grow ‘Lemonjade’ New 2018 Unique yellow flowers in large, 5-7" panicules of citron yellow flowers that completely cover the foliage in fall, followed by rosy peach seed heads. Clean, grey-green foliage forms a dense mound,16-18" tall. Bloom early fall. Attracts butterflies and many other pollinators. Rabbit resistant. Zone 3.

Sedum Purple Emperor 175

Sedum ‘Purple Emperor’     Another dark leafed sedum to enrich the autumn landscape. 18” stems with dusty red flowers appear late in the season, above dark purple-red foliage.

SEMPERVIVUM (Hens and Chicks)     Native to the central Alps of Europe, and through the mountainous regions of Russia and Asia Minor, thriving where most plants would perish. Adapted to sunny places where drainage is excellent , sunny rock gardens, rock walls, between flagstones, etc., actually preferring these inhosbitable spots to sites with rich moist loam. All are low growing, ground hugging, with succulent, rosette forming leaves. The flowering rosettes, called "hens" often die after flowering, leaving the "chicks" to carry on for another year. Zone 3.  08-FullSun-s 05-Drip  

Sidalcea Party Girl

Sidalcea‘Party Girl’   Sometimes called the Miniature Hollyhock with 3’ spikes ringed with 1½”-2” wide, mallow-like, rosy/pink flowers through summer. Stems are decidedly upright, not branched, creating effective vertical accent to contrast with other mounding or low growing companions. For sunny borders with rich, reasonably moist but well-drained soil. Attracts butterflies and nice for cutting. Zone 4.

Silphium perfoliatum (Cup Plant)     A North American native adapted to rich, evenly moist soil in open woodlands or prairies. Numerous erect stems form massive clumps, 6-8ft. high with large, loose clusters of yellow, daisy-like flowers from July to Sept. Well used at the back of the perennial border and at the edge of properties where they will be conspicuous from distant viewing points. I find it completely troublefree, in fact I planted it some years ago in a rather dry spot and then forgot about it. It has done very well and I've come to value its sturdy, architechurally impressive stems and leaves as well as the showy, long-season bloom. Zone 3.  

    laciniatum New 2018      (Compass Plant) Large, imposing, usually growing to around 6-7’ tall with long, narrow, deeply lobed leaves that impart an exotic look to this sturdy, tough-as-nails perennial. The common name derives for the habit of the leaves to align themselves in a north-south orientation to follow the sun. Attractive 3” ray flowers bloom in loose clusters atop the tall stems in August-September. Excellent back-of-the-border subject where it towers over its companions, establishing a dramatic presence that’s visible with the naked eye, not quite form the moon, but from any vantage point on the average lot. Best in average to rich, reasonably moist soil. Clump forming. Zone 4.

Spigelia marilandica see under Woodland Flowers

Stachys byzantina ‘Silver Carpet’     Leaves are velvety soft, silver, and shaped like - and feel like - a lamb’s ear. A moderately fast spreading groundcover for dry, sunny spots. Though promoted as a non-flowering cultivar, it may now and then put up a flower. Zone 5.

     macrantha (grandiflora)      Dense clumps of attractively crinkled, slightly glossy, bean-green leaves, 3ins. long, decreasing in size higher up on the stems.  Flower spikes rise 8-12ins. above the thick basal foliage carrying large, bright rosy-purple flowers in dense whorls. Requires better soil and more moisture than its cousins, those plants-of-last-resort, the lamb’s ears. Zone 5. 

Stachys monnieri 'Hummelo'

Stachys monieri ‘Hummelo’     Getting to like this Stachys more and more for its sturdy, upright flower stems topped with bright, rose-purple, tight, bottlebrush-like flower clusters displayed well above a dense rosette of fresh, mint-green leaves. Plants have a handsome, tidy appearance that keeps them looking fresh and vigorous throughout the season. Most effective in groups but strategically placed specimens will draw lots of attention as well. Blooms for several weeks in early to mid-summer, preferring decent soil in full sun. Overall height is 16-18”. Zone 4.

    officinalis ‘Pink Cotton Candy’     Similar to Stachy monieri ‘Hummelo’ but with plump wands of cotton candy pink flowers. Forms a tidy clump of green basal foliage topped with loads of showy flower spikes. May rebloom in fall. 24” tall, blooms early-mid summer and prefers sun or very light shade, with rich, evenly moist but well drained soil. Introduced by the Chicago Botanic Garden. Zone 4.

Stokesia l. ‘Honeysong Purple’   A selection of the North American native Stokes Aster, with large, eyecatching royal purple flowers in mid-summer. The flower petals are Deeply serrated lending an attractive frilly aire to the blooms, which are further enhanced by the contrasting central white stamens. 14” high and only slightly wider, forming a tidy upright mound. Does well in sun to part shade in soil that’s evenly moist but well-drained. Deer and rabbit resistant. Zone 5.

Stokesia 'Peachies Pick'175 ours nice

Stokesia ‘Peachie’s Pick’    Not peach colored. Named for the Mississippi plantswoman who discovered it, Peachie Saxton. Lavender-blue flowers much larger and a bit later than other types. Upright habit, deep green foliage. We grew it last year for the first time and were impressed with its large, richly colored flowers and its, all-around good garden performance. Zone 5.

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Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066



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