Bay State Perennial Farm



Bay State Perennial Farm is known for its wide selection of perennials. Plants are listed alphabetically by their latin names and can be located by clicking on the first letter of the plant name in the alphabet above.

Phlox Top Shelf Wat Punch 500

Phlox paniculata Top Shelf Watermellon Punch®

PAEONIA (Garden Peony)

Lactiflora and hybrid double peonies

    ‘Attar of Roses’ New    Double, dark pink, strongly fragrant flowers on tall, 36” stems. Very early blooming. Good dark foliage. One of the most fragrant of all peonies.

Paeonia Bunker Hill 175

‘Bunker Hill’ New    An heirloom variety with double, cherry-rose flowers that are delicately edged in white. Fragrant. 32” tall. Blooms mid-late season.

    ‘Catharina Fontign’ New    Fragrant, pink, double, rose-like flowers transition to very pale pink as they age. A mid-season bloomer producing multiple flowers per stem on plants growing to 3’ tall. An excellent cut flower.

    ‘Charles White’ New    Fully double, ivory-white flowers with a seductive hint of yellow at the center. Up to 8” across. Vigorous and early blooming. 32”-48” tall with strong stems.

Coral Charm 175

‘Coral Charm’   Deep coral buds open lighter peach with gold anthers, semi-double or double, early blooming, 36".

    ‘Coral Sunset’    Semi-double coral blossoms with rose overtones and a fluffy boss of deep yellow stamens. Lightly fragrant and long lasting in fresh bouquets. 28” tall. Blooms late spring.

    ‘Double White’    We purchased ‘Double White’ when we thought we were unable to get ‘Festiva Maxima’, feeling that no peony collection was complete without a classic, double white peony. We like the look of it so far. Have not seen the bloom but expect that it’s similar to ‘Festiva Maxima’.

    ‘Festiva Maxima’   A classic double white peony introduced in 1851 and still widely favored by gardeners. Blooms late spring to early summer. 36” tall.

Paeonia Finest Hour 175

‘Finest Hour’   Large, airy blossoms light pink with lighter tinged petal edges. Good landscape variety. Size: 32". Bloom time: Mid. Plant zones: 2-8.

    ‘General MacMahon’ New    Double red flowers over deep green foliage. An heirloom variety introduced in 1867. 34” tall, a mid-late bloomer.

    ‘Karl Rosenfield’     38in., mid-season bloomer with bright crimson flowers. A classic peony and still one of the best reds.

    ‘Martha’    Rich, deep pink with many small inner petals which give style and pleasing texture to the double/semidouble flowers. Holds flower form well. Slightly fragrant. Size: 28". Bloom time: Mid. Zones 2.

    ‘Paula Fay’ New     Semi-double vivid pink flowers on strong stems. Foliage emerges early, followed by early season flowers. APS Gold Medal Winner. 34" tall. 

Paeonia Pink Hawaiian Coral

‘Pink Hawaiian Coral’    Fragrant, simi-double coral flowers blending to soft pink at the tips. 36ins. tall, strong stems. Blooms in June. A beautiful peony that always gets lots of attention in our border.

Paeonia Pink Kisses 175

‘Pink Kisses’    Numerous small, well placed deep pink petals with silver edging create a most alluring and well-formed flower, double-semidouble. mildly scented, 2-3 buds per stem. Good substance. 26" tall, blooms mid season. Zones 2.

    Victoria de la Marne’ New   Very large, double, fuchsia red flowers with a spicy fragrance. A classic color seen most often on older varieties, 32” tall, blooms mid-late season.

Intersectional Peonies

Intersectional peonies are the result of crossing herbaceous and woody or tree peonies. They retain the best qualities of both parents including: large flowers in unique colors, strong weather resistant stems, longer bloom time, extreme winter hardiness, and increased vigor. Plants should not be pruned to the ground in fall as lower portions of the stem carry next years’ buds. Buds will also initiate from the crown as do herbaceous peonies.

    ‘Bartzella’   Huge, 6-8”, semi-double to double, pastel yellow flowers with a small rose purple flare in the center and a pronounced sweet scent. Blossoms are neatly spaced on the top and sides of the sturdy clump of healthy green, tree peony-like foliage. 3’ tall, with best bloom in full sun with rich, evenly moist but well drained soil, pH around neutral. 

    ‘Cora Louise’ New   Hug, 8”-10”, semi-double, lightly fragrant, white flowers with deep lavender purple flares and a prominent tuft of yellow stamens. Blossoms are neatly spaced on the top and sides of the sturdy clump of healthy green, tree peony-like foliage. A mature specimen can produce 50 flowers! 24”-36” tall. Blooms in late spring.

    ‘Julia Rose’   Soft semi-double apricot flowers blending to a deeper pink at the edge of the petals. Very sturdy, upright habit. 36" tall. Blooms midseason.

    ‘Sequestered Sunshine’    7", single to semi-double , bright canary yellow blossoms on strong stems. Flowers are accented by a central boss of showy yellow stamens with hints of red, fragrant excellent for cutting. Forms a dense, sturdy clump of dark green, attractively dissected foliage, 3'-3' tall. Blooms late spring. Zone 4.

    ‘Yankee Doodle Dandy’ New    Semi-double, sometimes double, deep pink flowers measuring up to 6” across and representing a new color for Intersectional Peonies. Very heavy blooming on exceptionally strong stems, with disease resistant foliage that looks good all season long.

Japanese and Single Peonies

Paeonia 'Bowl of Beauty' 175

‘Bowl of Beauty’ New    Large, single, bright rose/pink blooms with large, frilly-yellow centers. 2’ tall, blooms May-June. Very striking. 

    ‘Flame’    Glowing, luminous, scarlet-red petals with a large golden yellow center. 24” high, mid-season bloomer. Brilliant, alluring from one hundred feet away.

    ‘Largo’    Japonese type with a wide-spreading habit, 38" tall By 5' wide. Single, rosy/pink petals surround fluffy, central golden tuffs. Dark green foliage. Slightly fragrant. Blooms mid-season.

    ‘Leslie Peck’ New    Deep bright pink flowers with large, pink puffy, centers. Fragrant. Japanese-type flowers open early in the season, 34” tall.

Paeonia Pacifica 175

‘Pacifica’ New    Apricot/pink flowers with large tufts of golden stamens in the center. 34” tall, Japanese type. Blooms early-mid season.

Paeonia 'Sea Shell' 175

‘Sea Shell’ New     One of the best single varieties! These large, single, soft mavue-pink flowers are heavily scented and ideal for the herbaceous border. 3ft. high, late season bloomer. If at all possible, try to stake this one. While its tall stems make it excellent for cutting, they also make it vulnerable to flopping after a heavy rain, and there's no sadder sight in the garden than a flattened peony!

Tree Paeonia (suffruiticosa)

Paeonia suffruiticosa Tree Peony    We’ve grouped the tree peonies with their herbaceous cousins to eliminate unnecessary clicking back and forth between web pages and because it just seems to make sense to present them together. But make no mistake, tree peonies do have stems of real wood. Plants seldom get much taller than 4ft., appreciate a rich, slightly basic, moist, well-drained soil, and do very well in light afternoon shade. Full sun is certainly okay, but here water becomes more of an issue. Pruning should be avoided unless plants become misshapen, at which time they may be cut back to a foot or so to encourage the development of new shoots. This should not be done routinely, and actually, is best avoided altogether unless plants become an unshapely mess. These are not difficult plants to grow when provided with conditions even remotely approaching ideal. We’ve had our tree peony for many years and I defy anyone to accuse us of pampering it. When we remember to do it, a little lime, fertilizer and compost get turned under in spring.  For this meager effort we’re rewarded every year with two weeks of huge, beautiful blooms during late spring/early summer.  Zone 4. 08-FullSun-s 07-PartialShade-s 04-Drip2 scissors


Paeonia ‘Hanakisoi’ New    Apricot-pink petals with a soft pink edge. Semi-double blossoms. 4’-5’ tall Blooms late spring.

    Pink Flowered   (Tree Peony) Tree peonies do have stems of real wood. Plants seldom get much taller than 4ft., appreciate a rich, basic, moist, well-drained soil, and do very well in light afternoon shade. Full sun is certainly okay, but here water becomes more of an issue. Pruning should be avoided unless plants become misshapen, at which time they may be cut back to a foot or so to encourage the development of new shoots. This should not be done routinely, and actually, is best avoided altogether unless plants become an unshapely mess. These are not difficult plants to grow when provided with conditions even remotely approaching ideal.

    Red Flowered   (Tree Peony) Tree peonies do have stems of real wood. Plants seldom get much taller than 4ft., appreciate a rich, basic, moist, well-drained soil, and do very well in light afternoon shade. Full sun is certainly okay, but here water becomes more of an issue. Pruning should be avoided unless plants become misshapen, at which time they may be cut back to a foot or so to encourage the development of new shoots. This should not be done routinely, and actually, is best avoided altogether unless plants become an unshapely mess. These are not difficult plants to grow when provided with conditions even remotely approaching ideal.

    Purple Flowered     (Tree Peony) Tree peonies do have stems of real wood. Plants seldom get much taller than 4ft., appreciate a rich, basic, moist, well-drained soil, and do very well in light afternoon shade. Full sun is certainly okay, but here water becomes more of an issue. Pruning should be avoided unless plants become misshapen, at which time they may be cut back to a foot or so to encourage the development of new shoots. This should not be done routinely, and actually, is best avoided altogether unless plants become an unshapely mess. These are not difficult plants to grow when provided with conditions even remotely approaching ideal.

Papver orientale(Oriental Poppy)     All oriental poppies decline after flowering, usually to the point of complete dormancy by summer. Plants will reemerge with cooler fall weather.  Combine with Gypsophila (Baby's Breath) or some other leafy, later-blooming plant to fill in the gap. 08-FullSun-s 04-Drip2 01-Hummingbirds scissors

    orientale ‘Allegro’     Compact growing, with orange-scarlet flowers with black eyes, only 1 ft. tall. Blooms mid-May into June.

    orientale ‘Beauty of Livermere’     A big, bold, red poppy. One of the best reds. 2-3ft. tall. All oriental poppies decline after flowering to the point of complete dormancy by summer. Plants will reemerge with cooler fall weather or they may remain dormant through winter and regrow in spring. Combine with Gypsophila (Baby's Breath) or some other leafy, later-blooming plant to mask dormant plants. For sun with average to rich, welll-drained soil. Very hardy, zone 2. Deer resistant.

    orientale ‘Central Park’ New    Deep, reddish-purple blooms with a satiny, crepe-like finish, up to 6” wide, in late spring to early summer. Though long-lived in terms of years, oriental poppies usually deal with summer heat and dryness with a summer dormancy. Expect a spectacular early summer bloom, followed by a gradual slowing down into dormancy. Not to worry. Let them go dormant, they’ve earned a rest. They’ll be back next spring with their usual brilliant bloom.  Attracts butterflies, deer resistant. Zone 3.

    orientale ‘Eye Catcher’    Large, bright, orange-red flowers with black centers. Blooms late spring - early summer and then goes dormant until the following spring. Few other perennials rival oriental poppies for large, sizzling-hot blooms that glow in the sunny border. Good for cutting if taken just as the buds begin to open. 3’ tall. Rabbit and deer resistant. Zone 3.

    orientale ‘Princess Victoria Louise’    Soft, 4" wide, salmon pink, cup-shaped flowers with a tissue paper texture. Blooms May-June on 2' stems. Oriental poppies usually deal with summers heat by going dormant and re-emerging in fall of the same year, when temperatures have cooled, or during the following spring. Grow in full sun, in fertile, evenly moist, well-drained soil. Do not water plants that have gone dormant. Zone 2.

    orientale ‘Prince of Orange’     Large, 4”-5” wide flowers the color of tangerines. 30” tall, late spring-early summer. Attracts hummingbirds, resists rabbits and deer. Zone 3.

    orientale ‘Royal Wedding’   Pure white flowers with black centers, 2’ tall, blooms May-June. Oriental poppies decline after flowering to the point of complete dormancy by summer. Plants will reemerge with cooler fall weather or they may remain dormant through winter and regrow in spring. Combine with Gypsophila (Baby's Breath) or some other leafy, later-blooming plant to mask dormant plants. For sun with average to rich, welll-drained soil. Very hardy, zone 2. Deer resistant.

    Other Poppies

Papaver miyabeanum ‘Pacino’     Low, dense rosettes of hairy, mint green leaves give rise to numerous , 6”-8” tall stems bearing 1”-1” wide, bright, sulphur yellow flowers with the wonderfully shear, paper-thin texture so characteristic of all poppies. Blooms May-June and should be given a sunny spot with average, well-drained soil, preferably in crevices between rocks, or actually in a rock garden or in a well-drained spot at the front of the mixed border. Somewhat short lived, but a reliable self-seeder. Our plants always forgo the improved, enriched conditions of our borders and, instead, choose to seed into the harsh, dry, infertile conditions of the stone pathways between borders. A delightful, bright, bold spot of color in the early spring garden. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

Papaver nor. ssp. islandicum 175

nordhagenianum ssp. islandicum (radiatum ssp. radiatum) (Arctic Poppy)     This very long name belongs to the little orange poppy that has graced our borders for many years. We think we have the correct name, but whatever the name, it’s a charmer, with orange, crepe paper-textured flowers over gray-green foliage, 18-24".  Blooms off and on all summer long. Self sows. Very hardy.

    nudicaule ‘Champagne Bubbles’    Especially large, satiny flowers in a wide range of pastel colors held on 18” stems above rosettes of light green foliage. Bloom begins in late spring and continues for many weeks. Best sited in average soil, full sun. Plants become quite drought tolerant once established. Flowers add great interest to arrangements if stems are taken just as buds begin to open. Dead-heading encourages more bloom. Iceland Poppies are biennial which usually self seed and keep the population going from year to year; so be sure to leave some seed pops. Attracts hummingbirds. Rabbit and deer resistant. Zone 2.

Pardancanda norisii ‘Dazzler’    (Candylily)  A close relative of the Blackberry Lily, selected for its shorter stature and improved, star-shaped flowers in vibrant shades of purple. Iris-like foliage. Best in full sun with good drainage. 15-18ins. tall. Blooms during the latter part of summer and flowers are followed by decorative seed pods. Zone 5. 

Penstemon dig Blackbeard 175

Penstemon digitalis ‘Blackbeard’ New      An improved ‘Dark Towers’ with stronger stems that remain upright all season, deeper lilac-purple flowers that begin blooming in June, and deeper purple foliage that keeps its color even in full sun. 3’ tall. Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. Nice for cutting. Zone 3.

Penstemon PinacoladaSeries ‘Rosy Red’ (barbatus) New      (Beard Tongue) A new group of beard tongue selected for their more compact habit and longer flowering period. Only 1’ tall. Full sun. Practically guaranteed to attract hummingbirds. 'Rosy Red' has short spikes of pastel mauve, snapdragon-like flowers from early summer into fall. Shows better tolerance of wet soils than many other Beard Tongue but also takes heat and droughty conditions right in stride. Deer resistant. Zone 5.

Perovskia atriplicifolia

Perovskia atriplicifolia (Russian Sage)     Finely textured, aromatic, silver-gray foliage topped with long spikes of purple flowers in late summer, persisting for many weeks. Plants have an airy and relaxed form. Full sun and good drainage are essential. Cut back in spring to no more than 1ft. It has been our experience that going lower than 1 ft. greatly impedes the plants ability to fully regrow during the season.  Hardy to zone 5.  08-FullSun-s 05-Drip 04-Drip2 01-Hummingbirdsscissors

Perovskia a. ‘Blue Steel’ New    Lighter, finer silvery foliage than other Perovskia along with medium blue flowers all summer. Habit is compact and does not require staking, 3ft. tall. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant, nice of cutting. For hot, full sun with average, well-drained soil. Zone 4.

Perovskia a. ‘Crazy Blue’    Low, compact with a network of interlacing branches that create a very dense appearance and hold the mound together, preventing it from flopping during heavy rains. 18”-20” tall with a tight, mounding habit. Lacy, silvery/grey foliage carries blue flowers from late spring through summer. Ideal for smaller spaces and mixed, well-drained containers. For full sun with average, well-drained soil, becomes increasingly drought tolerant as it matures. Deer and rabbit resistant. Zone 4a.

Perovskia a. ‘Denim ‘n Lace’ New     An exciting new Russian Sage that stays compact, with stronger stems and a more upright habit than most earlier varieties, and with a profuse display of bright, sky blue flowers held in amethyst calyxes. 32” tall. Blooms from mid summer into early fall. For average well drained soil, in full sun. Attracts hummingbirds. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Perovskia a. ‘Little Spires’    Selected for its shorter more upright habit and its longer bloom period. Grows 2 1/2ft.-3ft. tall. For average, well drained soil, in full sun. Attracts hummingbirds, deer resistant. Makes an interesting addition to cut arrangements. Zone 4.

Perovskia a. ‘Rocketman’     This Russian Sage has an upright, vase-shaped habit, with strong flower stems that stand up straight when plants are in bloom. Wider leaves and fluffy lavender-blue flowers give the plant a full appearance. Somewhat shorter than the species at 2’-3’ tall. If you love Russian Sage but are a little tired of its loose, open habit, you’re going to appreciate the distinctly upright form of ‘Rocketman’. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant and nice for cutting. Zone 4.

Persicaria amplexicaulis ‘Firetail’    Valued for its bright red wands of bead-like flowers from late summer into fall and for its sturdy upright, non-spreading stems clothed in lanced-shaped, matte green leaves that form the perfect backdrop for the bright red flowers. Flowers are attractive fillers in bouquets. A well behaved plant with character. Does best with evenly moisture, average or better soil, in sun or part shade. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant, cuts well. 3 to 4ft. tall. Zone 5.

Persicaria filiformis ‘Painter’s Palette’      From seed, so the variegation is different on every plant, each displaying a unique combination of the colors in unique blends of red, ivory, yellow and pink, splashed over the green leaves. Not all colors are present on every plant but every combination is attractive no matter how many colors are in the mix. These make great fillers in the shade border and, after a season of self-seeding, will populate large areas with their pretty foliage and their understated but quite effective panicles of tiny, bright red, bead-like flowers. Blooms in late summer for many weeks. Prolific self-seeders but unwanted volunteers are easily pulled. I've spent many a pleasant time culling through a bunch of seedlings picking out the most colorful ones for growing on. Easy in average soil in part to full shade. 2' high. Zone 4.

Persicaria polymorpha

Persicaria polymorpha    Fluffy, creamy-white plumes all summer long over strong stemmed, upright, non- spreading mounds of foliage. Its long bloom period, strong upright habit and ease of culture commend this plant as a first rate garden specimen. Several years ago when it was new on the gardening scene, polymorpha created a good bit of excitement, and if you’re looking for a large, pest free perennial with good form and season-long bloom, then this might be just your plant. 5-6ft. high. Zone 4.  

Phlomis russeliana New    This native of the mountains of Syria and Turkey is treasured for both bloom and attractive foliage. Pale yellow flowers bloom, in whorls, up and down the 36” stems with heaviest bloom in spring followed by sporadic bloom through summer. The large, olive green, spade-shaped leaves are aromatic and somewhat fuzzy. For sun with average soil. Drought tolerant. Deer resistant. A terrific mid-border perennial valued for its flowers and its unique architectural form. Zone 4.

Taller Growing, Border Phlox

Phlox carolina ‘Bill Baker’ New     Large clusters of pink (occasionally white or purple) flowers bloom late May into June on slender, upright, 18”-24” tall stems with dark green, lance-shaped foliage. Shows excellent mildew resistance, a trait shared by all Carolina Phlox,(e.g. Phlox carolina ‘Miss Lingard’) Zone 4.

Phlox pan. 'Blue Paradise'

PHLOX paniculata ‘Blue Paradise’    This is the bluest garden phlox I’ve seen.  Flowers open a unique, smoky-blue, then take on a bit of red, finally resolving to a nice blue/purple.  With average, even moisture, plants bloom for most of the summer and demonstrate good mildew resistance. It was recommended to us that the addition of extra amounts of lime to the soil can greatly reduce the presence of powdery mildew.  We’re trying it and it seems to be helping. So, more lime, together with a fastidious cleanup in fall, are two non-chemical measures that can help combat the scourge of mildew.

    paniculata 'David'    4-5', white, fragrant, mildew resistant - this plant has it all. Perennial Plant of the Year 2002.

    paniculata ‘Delilah’     Dark red/purple flowers on strong, shorter stems, only 2’ tall. Mildew resistant. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Nice for cutting. Zone 4.

    paniculata ‘Glamour Girl’    Bright green, healthy foliage shrugs off powdery mildew with ease and looks great all season. Large panicles of glowing , hot coral-pink, fragrant flowers on dark colored stems. 32” tall, blooms early-mid summer through late-summer. Zone3.

    paniculata ‘Jeana’     Intriguing, tiny ("), pink flowers are tightly crowded into golf ball sized clusters which, in turn, are combined with many similar clusters to form a single large flower panicle. Very different, possessing that special allure of the miniature. Grows quite tall with clumps in our border reaching 5 to 6' in height. Very high mildew resistance.

    paniculata ‘Nicky’     3-4ft. tall with deep, luscious, magenta-purple flowers, mildew resistant. A beautiful, standout color that attracts much attention all summer long.  Hard to capture in words the intense, brilliant, burgundy-purple color of these flowers.

    paniculata ‘Starfire’    Large, eye-catching, bright red panicles through summer and into fall. Dark stems and attractive dark green foliage. 3-4ft. tall.

    paniculata Top Shelf Watermellon Punch®     'Watermelon Punch' is just as fresh and delicious as it sounds! Super fragrant, salmon-pink overlapping petals surround a large white center, bringing in sweet summer to your summer patio, pool or anywhere else in the sunny landscape. An easy to care for dwarf variety, only 12”-15” tall. Excellent as a long lasting cut flower. Still blooming in our border in mid August with no sign of mildew! Attracts butterflies and is deer resistant.

    x Fashionably Early Crystal’ New    Early blooming with an extended bloom through summer, some rebloom in fall. Pure white flowers with a light purple eye are held in bold clusters on 32” stems. Thick textured, waxy foliage, (evidence of its P. carolina parentage), shows exceptional mildew resistance and remains attractive all season. Habit is stoloniferous rather than tightly clumping like P. paniculata, with a more relaxed garden presence.  Zone 4.

Phlox Forever Pink 175

x ‘Forever Pink’   A sterile hybd. of P. glaberrima and P. carolina. The habit is mounding with smooth green leaves with exceptional disease resistance. Begins blooming in early June and continues blooming all summer with large, rose-pink flowers that cover the plant. 1' tall. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Zone 4.

Phlox x Minnie Pearl 175

x 'Minie Pearl'   Thought to be a naturally occurring hybrid between Phlox maculata and Phlox glaberrima, ‘Minnie Pearl’ blooms in early summer with large, pure white, fragrant panicles that attract lots of butterflies. Height is relatively low at 18” high and foliage is of the P. maculata type, long,narrow and waxy,exhibiting strong mildew resistance, (much like Phlox m. 'Miss Lingard'). Large, glistening white panicles cover the clean foliage during early through late June. Has the look of a Garden Phlox, without the mildew. Zone 5.

Lower Growing Phlox

Phlox divaricata ‘Blue Moon’    Drifts of deep blue fragrant flowers in May, one or two weeks before P. stolonifera. This spring ephemeral mixes well with other woodland wildflowers and ferns. Native to eastern US. Zones 3-9. 12-14 in. Part sun to shade, moist soil.

Phlox stolonifera (Creeping Phlox)    Low, modestly spreading foliage from which arise 12in. flower stems with 2 or 3 blooms per stem. Probably the most shade tolerant phlox and a valuable source of color in the woodland garden where its spring bloom establishes a soft, ethereal presence. Zone 2. 08-FullSun-s 07-PartialShade-s 04-Drip2 02-Butterfly

    stolonifera ‘Sherwood Purple’     Rich, deep purple flowers are held on sturdy stems 6-10" above thick, stoloniferous foliage mats. Flower color is intense, considered by many to be the best of the stolonifera type phlox. Valued for its eye-catching floral effect that casts an enchanting spell over the woodland garden for several weeks in early spring, and for its spreading foliage mats that are suitable for modest ground cover over smaller areas. Shearing off flower stems after flowering encourages thicker foliage mats. Provide average or better soil with reasonable moisture in part to full shade, or even sun, with sufficient moisture. Becomes more drought tolerant when established. Native to the Appalachians. Zone 5.

Phlox subulata ‘Emerald Cushion Blue’    More compact, with lavender-blue flowers over emerald green foliage in May.

Phlox subulata ‘Emerald Pink’    Clear pink flowers in May over dense mats of emerald green foliage. Zone 3.

Phlox subulata ‘Snowflake’    Pristine white flowers over neat, 4" high and spreading, evergreen foliage. The latest variety to bloom, April-May.

Phlox x hybrida Paparazzi Britney New     Bright pastel pink, fragrant flowers bloom in April and May from low-growing mounds of glossy, light green foliage. Just 4”-6” tall with a spread of 12”. Gets the season started with a flurry of bright pink flowers, at the front of the border, in the rock garden and in containers. Full sun to light shade, average soil. Zone 6.

Physostegia (Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead)     3-4ft. tall, vigorously spreading clumps with spikes of pink or white, snapdragon-like flowers for a long stretch in summer. Will spread out of control in a year or two, at which point all but a few sprigs should be dug out and tossed. This is a chore we’re willing to perform in return for handsome, carefree, cutflowers all summer. Neutral or higher pHs suit them as does an even moisture level. Zone 3. 08-FullSun-s 07-PartialShade-s 04-Drip2 03-Drip3 

Physostegia virginiana 'Miss Manners'

Physostegia virginiana 'Miss Manners'     A clump-forming selection that displays excellent garden manners by not running rampant through the garden, invading its border companion’s territory. A good source of white flowers all summer. 2' high with glossy green foliage. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, deer resistant. Cuts well. Zone 3. 

Phyteuma scheuchzeri   This is a tough plant to describe but one that's well worth seeking out. First of all, it's related to the Bellflowers but you'd never know it except for the gorgeous deep blue color of its flowers. The shape of the flowers is very distinctive,-which should not be taken to mean that they're "odd" or merely "curious-looking", because, in fact, they are very beautiful. They're roundish, with many spiky, tubular, deep blue "structures" encircling a central orb, somewhat similar to Echinops but more loosely arranged. Foliage is grass-like, blue/green in color, tufted and modestly spreading. Flowers are attractively presented above the foliage on 8" stems, blooms over a long period, June-July. Suitable for the rock garden or any sunny, evenly moist, well drained spot. Zone 6, and 5 with snow or some other protection. I've carried it over for several years without protection here at Bay State, zone 5 on the line between a & b.

Platycodon (Balloon Flower)     Long lived, long blooming and pest free, balloon flowers are true low maintenance perennials.  Plants are late to emerge in spring so take care not to accidentally dig them out or mash them under foot. Large, inflated buds that always remind me of miniature hot air balloons open to reveal 2-3in. wide, five petaled flowers that, depending on variety, are either blue, white or pink in color and single or double in form. Again, depending on variety, plants can range in height from 6ins. up to 3ft. tall. Begins blooming in mid summer and continues for many weeks. Zone 3.

    grandiflora ‘Fuji Blue’     Large deep blue, wide open bells, 1 -2" across that bloom smack dab in the middle of summer at a time when yellow flowers dominate the garden, 2’ high. The lower platycodon are perfect for the very front of the border but I like the greater height of ‘Fuji Blue’ because it allows a wider range of placement, especially in the mid-border area. One of the best for maintaining a blue color scheme in the summer border. Also excellent for cutting, and, they attract butterflies but are resistant to deer. Rich, reasonably moist but well drained soil, in full sun. Zone 3.

Platycodon grand. 'Astra Pink' 175

grandiflora ‘Fuji Pink’    Large pale pink flowers with darker striped veining. The flower color resembles that of Geranium sang. var. striatum. At 20-25’ tall, plants are tall enough for use in mid-border and their longer stems are easy to cut for indoor arrangements. Platycondon are one of the best border perennials offering a long, carefree garden life, beautiful flowers that bloom at the critical period of mid to late summer, just when many other flowers are starting to fade, and they're excellent of cutting. Plants to best in full sun with rich, reasonably moist, well-drained soil. They attract butterflies and they're deer resistant. Zone 3.

    grandiflora ‘Mariessii’     This is a beautiful as well as useful, intermediate sized balloonflower, 2-3ft. tall. When the dwarf types are just too low, that's when 'Mariesii' fills the bill. Its the perfect size for mid border where its large flowers provide those much needed blue-purple tones in late summer. Blooms July -Aug. Combines beautifully with Coneflowers, Rudbeckias and Baby's Breath.

    grandiflora ‘Hakone Blue’    Semi-double blue flowers on medium tall, sturdy stems, 1-2" tall. The large blue flowers appear mid to late summer, July-August, providing strong blue tones to offset the many yellow blooms so pervasive at this time of year. Platycodons are beautiful, long-lived and pest free plants, and are generally considered to be among the top 10 best garden perennials. They also make excellent cut flowers. Grow in medium rich, reasonably moist but well-drained soil. They attract butterflies and are deer resistant. Zone 3.

Polemonium (Jacob's Ladder)      Foliage is most heavily concentrated at the base, thinning out as it rises up the flower stalks. The placement of the leaflets on the long, compound leaves resembles rungs on a ladder, thus the common name. More commonly blue but also white, 3/4in.-1in. flowers occur in loose clusters conspicuously elevated above the foliage where they make a very pleasant display from late spring, well into summer. Plants are valued for their attractive foliage as well as their flowers and do best in half shade, in moist but well drained soil. Full sun is only recommended if sufficiently moist. Whether in sun or shade, good drainage is vital. Polemonium is suitable for perennial borders, but really shines in the partially shaded, woodland garden.  Zone 4. 08-FullSun-s 07-PartialShade-s 04-Drip2 03-Drip3 scissors

    reptans ‘Touch of Class’     Foliage emerges pink in the spring and slowly changes to green with a creamy white border. Light blue flowers bloom in May on 15" stems. Zones 4-8.

    yezoense ‘Bressingham Purple’    (Purple Leaf Jacob's Ladder) Foliage emerges a rich purple color in spring and gradually changes to deep green as temperatures increase. Deep lavender flowers are borne on erect burgundy stems that rise 1' above a base of pinnately compound, deep, forest green leaves. Blooms May-June, making a pleasing, no-fuss, early season display of flowers followed by foliage that remains attractive all season. For sun to part shade with organic, reasonably moist soil. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

Polygonatum See woodland plants.

Potentilla atrosanguinea ‘Scarlet Starlet’ New    Similar to P. atrosanguinea ‘Red’ except with brighter red flowers above attractive silvery/green foliage. 1-1' high, clump forming, with an upright habit that's more dense than other selections. Best in average, even infertile, full sun locations. An easy to grow, all-around fine border plant that adds exciting color to the early summer garden. Looks fantastic combined with Artemisia ‘Powis Castle’. Deer resistant. Full sun. Zone 4.

Potentilla tridentata     (Three-Toothed Cinquefoil) A scrappy native cinquefoil that happily settles into sandy, rocky places. Deep green, rough textured leaves and small white flowers in summer on plants that grow 4” high and spread anywhere from l’-2’ wide, forming thick foliage mats. Each year I look forward to seeing plants defying the elements in fissures in vast granite slabs on Mt. Monadnock, NH. Also looks great in ordinary, non-mountainous gardens, and is especially suited to rock gardens. Full sun and well-drained, acid soil are just about the only cultural requirements. Zone 2.

Potentilla tridentata ‘White Cloud’ New     Leaves emerge white in spring and gradually ease to cream with pronounced green streaking. 3”-6” high by 12”-15” wide with a loose, mounding form and dainty, white flowers at the ends of the stems from spring till fall. A spartan among plant, it eschews the comforts of warm zones and fertile soil and, instead, opts for the harsh weather and often nearly soilless, acid conditions found from the Northwest Territories, south to the Appalachians. For full sun and spots with gritty, perfect drainage such as in rock gardens, in crevices between edging stones, trough gardens and other such places. Native. Very hardy, zone 3.

Pratia pedunculata ‘Country Park’ New    Rapidly forms a dense, tiny-leaved, gray-green mat that becomes blanketed with deep blue flowers in summer. Excellent in the rock garden, at the front of perennial borders, especially between edging rocks, also nice in containers. Best in sun, in moist but drained soil. Zone 6.

Primula Belarina Cobalt Blue

Primula BALARINA® Series Colbalt Blue       Large, double, rich blue flowers bloom in early spring with a spellbinding depth of color. The lush indigo blooms are a feast for the eye as they bloom profusely in tight clusters at 5"-8" high over mounds of bright green foliage, and, while possessing a fragile beauty, plants are tough, reliable garden performers. Flowers are sterile so bloom is especially long, extending from early through late spring. Zone 4.

Primula capitata Salvana 175 #1

Primula capitata ssp. mooreana (Salvana)     Small, fluted, dark violet, silver-powdered, flowers are held 10ins. above the rosetted foliage in large, flattened clusters, each flower positioned horizontally in tight discs, two or three levels deep. The rich purple color is deepest toward the outside with centers heavily silver powdered. Sensational! Unlike any Primula we’d seen before.

Primula denticulata 'Alba'

Primula den. 'Alba'    (Drumstick Primrose)  Golf ball-sized, white globes in April and May on 2-8" stems. Easily grown and frost resistant, asking only moist soil with good drainage and partial shade. One of the earliest Primulas to flower. Zones 3.

    denticulata 'Blue Selection'    (Drumstick Primrose)  Large, golf ball-sized, lavender/blue globes in April and May on 2-8" stems. Easily grown and frost resistant, needing only moist soil with good drainage and partial shade. One of the earliest Primulas to flower and always a welcome sight for winter-weary gardeners. Zones 3.

    denticulata 'Rubin'     As above, with carmine-red flowers.

    elatior ‘Victorian Gold Lace Black’ New     Wide golden-yellow eyes and black petals intricately laced with a golden edge. 10” high, blooms early spring. Deer resistant. Zone 5.

Primula elator Gold Lace 175

elatior ‘Victorian Laced Primroses’ New    A mix of distinctive hybrids, all with a wide golden-yellow eye and petals ranging from brown to crimson with golden or silver edges. Height is around 10”, early spring blooming. For part shade with rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil. Deer resistant. Zone 5. .

    japonica ‘Appleblossom’     A candelabra type Primrose with flower stems rising 18” above the low basal foliage supporting whirls of light pink flowers with deep pink eyes. A very attractive flower form especially when planted in drifts. Requires moist soil in part shade. Also full sun but only if soil is moist. Zone 4.

    japonica ‘Millers Crimson’    18in. stems ringed with 7 to 10 tiers of brilliant crimson, tubular flowers in whirls encircling the stems. Striking in bloom with their brightly colored, architectural flower stalks. Particularly effective massed in the moist, partially shaded garden. Zone 4.

    sieboldii    10-12" airy flower cluster bloom in various shades of pink. Quick to develop tight mats of light, pastel green rosettes that form the perfect backdrop to the delightful, rosy pink flowers. Blooms profusely in early to mid spring and then obligingly goes dormant. Be sure to mark its spot well to make sure they’re not accidentally dug up. Zone 4.

    veris   Common throughout the English countryside along byways and in hedgerows, heralding the arrival of spring. Also right at home in American gardens, blooming for many weeks in early spring. Self-seeds nicely to form slowly expanding colonies that combine effectively with the purple flowers of Phlox divaricata and Phlox stolonifera. Tolerates sunnier and drier locations than many other Primula. Zone 5.

Primula v Sunset Shades

Primula veris ‘Sunset Shades’    Similar to the species except with a mix of orange to deep red flowers, with warm yellow throats that contrast nicely with the hot petal colors. Grows 8” tall. Easy to grow and reliably perennial, returning each year in late April to add a cheery spot of color to the part shade garden. Very hardy. Through zone 4 and even into zone 3.


Primula vulgaris ssp. sibthorpii New  From tight rosettes of crinkled, dark green foliage, large purplish pink flowers arise on 6”-8” stems in early spring. Heavy flowering, to the extent that flowers often completely obliterate the foliage. More resilient than the species in terms of its tolerance of varying weather and soil conditions. Best in part shade. Zone 5.

Primula ‘Wanda Dark Pink’ New     A Primula juliana hybd. with dark pink flowers, 4”-6” tall, with a neat, vigorous habit and a very early bloom, beginning in mid to late March and continuing into May. Easy to grow in part shade with reasonably moist, well-drained soil. Zone 5.

Primula x ‘Dawn Ansell’     Double, white flowers with green fluffs, like miniature posies. Grows 6-8ins. tall, vigorous. Have been impressed with the resilience of this little beauty as it bloomed thrived in a crevice between edging boulders, in full sun. Best in part to full shade with rich, reasonably moist, well-drained soil. Zone 5.

Pulmonaria (Lungwort)     Pulmonarias are valued as much for their handsome foliage as for the intriguing flowers, most of which open blue from pink buds and then fade back to pink. Plants look their best in part to full shade in average or better soil that's evenly moist and well-drained with mature plants developing increased drought tolerance. In the event that powdery mildew or drought disfigures the leaves, they can be cut back to the ground, and a fresh new crop of leaves will appear in short order. Siting in morning sun may discourage mildew. Good winter drainage is essential to survival. Otherwise, Pulmonaria is a pretty tough little plant, hardy and long-lived, and, not palatable to deer or slugs. All are hardy to at least zone 4.

     ‘High Contrast’    Lance-shaped, green leaves liberally brushed with silver form the backdrop for clusters of bright pink flowers that undergo an intriguing transition to blue. Valued for its attractive foliage that can be massed to form a high impact ground cover in shade, or used singly or in smaller specimen groupings, and also for its charming flowers that are all the more appealing for their early spring appearance. Foliage mounds 6-9" high and flowers rise an additional 2-3". Best planting locations are in part to full shade with reasonably moist but well drained soil. 'High Contrast' demonstrates good mildew resistance and impressive drought tolerance once established. Zone 4.

    ‘Opal’ New     Clusters of pale, opal-blue flowers that age to white carried over silver-spotted, green foliage form early to late spring. Once flowering has finished, the attractive foliage provides ornamental accent for the remainder of the season. 12”-14” tall. Deer resistant. For sun to part shade with rich, evenly moist soil. Zone 3.


Pulmonaria Silver Bouquet

Pulmonaria ‘Silver Bouquet     Flowers open coral pink and fade to violet in early spring over silver foliage with a hint of green spotting. An improved P. 'Excalibur' with excellent mildew resistance and better heat and humidity tolerance. Foliage looks good all summer. Part to full shade. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

    ‘Trevi Fountain’     One of the best varieties for flowers. Large cobalt-blue flowers turn to a medium pink as they age. The attractive, long, narrow, silver-spotted foliage holds up well in heat and humidity. If foliage becomes tired-looking in mid summer, a quick shearing will promote fresh new leaves. For part shade or sun if soil is evenly moist. Blooms in early spring for many weeks, bringing early, bold color to the otherwise subdued tones of spring. When flowering is over, the attractive foliage kicks in to provide garden interest for the remainder of the season. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Pulsatilla vulgaris (Pasque Flower)    Large, mostly horizontal to upfacing, urn-shaped flowers in early spring, followed by attractive, feathery seed pods. Finely dissected foliage is covered with soft silky hairs. Native to Europe and north to Sweden where it grows in full sun, on dry, alkaline soil. Good drainage is critical. Blooms early spring.  Beautiful in flower and post-flower for its attractive seedheads, and, if conditions are righ, quite long blooming. Zone 5. We offer the following selection:

Pulsatilla v Papageno

Pulsatilla vulgaris ‘Papageno’     A mixture of semi-double flowers in mixed colors. Flowers are large, urn-shaped and held mostly horizontal to upfacing above finely dissected, almost shredded-looking foliage. April blooms become attractive, feathery seed heads.  Native to Europe and north to Sweden where they grow in full sun, on well drained, alkaline soil. Good drainage is critical.  These are facinating and endearing little plants,(up to 1' tall), that require full sun, with average to dry, well drained soil. Zone 3.

Pycnanthemum muticum     A member of the mint family, this 3’ tall aromatic herb has showy silver bracts at the ends of its stems all summer. Lends bulk and vertical dimension to the sunny border, very fragrant. Excellent for cutting. Easy to grow and trouble free in average, well-drained soil, full sun. Zone 3.   

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Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066



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