Bay State Perennial Farm



Bay State Perennial Farm is known for its wide selection of perennials. Plants are listed alphabetically by their latin names and can be located by clicking on the first letter of the plant name in the alphabet above.

Filipendula rubra venusta #1

Filipendula rubra ‘Venusta’ (Queen of the Prairie)

Filipendula (Meadowsweet, False Spirea)   Showy, plumelike flowers, excellent for cutting. Magnificent display when grown in groups, most species prefer damp soils. Propagate by division in early spring.  08-FullSun-s 04-Drip2 03-Drip3 02-Butterfly

Filipendula ‘Red Umbrellas’    24-30” high with an equal spread and large, gorgeous, chartreuse leaves with prominent red veining, and fluffy pink flower panicles in early summer. Quite a spellbinding sight and, though info is scanty, so far all reports are highly favorable, calling it an excellent performer that holds its leaf color through summer.

Filipendula rubra 'Venusta' seed heads 175

Filipendula rubra 'Venusta' (Queen of the Prairie)   6-8' stems bear large feathery pink panicles in July-Aug. Spectacular when massed. Needs full sun and consistent moisture to look its best. Zone 3.

Filipendula x ‘Kahome’ New    Not new to the trade but not one that we’ve had for sale for many years through sheer oversight. It’s an exceptionally fine garden perennial on many counts beginning with the refreshing, bright green, compound leaves that impart a fern-like quality. Then there are the rich, rosy-pink, astilbe-like flower panicles that bloom July-August bringing fine color to the mid through late season garden. Finally, there is the excellent form and smaller size that make it so adaptable to many landscape situations. Habit is a tidy, graceful, upright clump, 12” high with an equal spread. Red/burgundy stems add to the appeal. Plants will be at their best in sun, with rich, evenly moist soil. Handsome enough to stand alone but very effective in groups. Have seen it used in large drifts where moist was plentiful, and it looked fantastic. Zone 3.   

Fragaria ‘Queen of the Vallee’ (‘Reine des Vallees’)     An Italian cultivar of alpine strawberry with berries of excellent flavor and fruit size. Blooms from late spring through summer on runnerless plants. Very productive. 10” high by 12” wide. Zone 5.

Gaillardia (Blanket Flower)   Bright and cheery, long-blooming, drought tolerant and easy in well drained soil. Deadhead to prolong flowering. Can be shortlived, but still oh-so-rewarding to grow. Zone 3. 08-FullSun-s 05-Drip 02-Butterfly scissors

    aristata ‘Arizonia Apricot Shades’    Semi-double blooms with an apricot band around the amber/chartreuse central cone and golden yellow outer edges. As a member of the much-admired Sun Series, this variety is early blooming, compact and free flowering. Blooms early summer to frost and grows just 12" tall and 12" wide, with exceptional branching and bright green foliage. Full sun with well drained soil. Zone 3.

    aristata ‘Arizonia Red Shades’     Another in the excellent Sun Series, this selection has a profusion of crimson red blossoms from early summer to first frost. Just 8-10" tall and up to 12" wide with a compact, uniform habit. Very heat and drought tolerant. Perfect for bringing hot, season-long color to those sunny, dry locations that are just beyond the reach of the hose! Zone 3.

Galium odoratum (Sweet Woodruff)   Fresh, crisp, apple-green foliage complimented by small, star-shaped, white flowers in May. A very popular spreading, groundcover for shade with a dainty, spritely, always-fresh look that speaks as much to the heart as to the brain. 6" high and spreading. Best conditions are part to full shade with good soil that remains reasonably moist through the season. Deer resistant. Zone 3.  07-PartialShade-s 06-FullShade-s 04-Drip2 03-Drip3

Gaura lindheimeri ‘Little Jamie’   A smaller Wand Flower, more suitable for smaller gardens or for placement further forward in larger borders. Only 16” to 18” tall with two-toned, pink and white flowers all summer. For average, well drained soil. Once established, it becomes tolerant of drier conditions. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Wonderful for cutting. Zone 6a. 

Gaura Rosyjane

lindheimeri ‘Rosyjane’     A color breakthrough for Gaura! ‘Rosyjane’ sports white flowers with a pink picotee edge, plus a free flowering habit, blooming from June until frost. For full sun with average, evenly moist but well-drained soil. Becomes drought tolerant once established. 2’ tall. attracts butterflies ad hummingbirds. Good for cutting. Zone 6.

    lindheimeri ‘Whirling Butterflies’  An upright habit to 3’ high. Forms a tight, vase-shaped clump and offers a season-long bloom of wispy white flowers that attract butterflies and are good for cutting. Very effective as filler plants and at their best planted in groups and sizable drifts. For sun and average to dry soil. Plants will languish, or worse, in rich, moist places. Officially zone 6 but many area gardeners successfully bring them through winter here in zone 5a.

Gentiana andrewsii (Bottle or Closed Gentian).....see in woodland flowers

    paradoxa ‘Blue Herald’    A shrubby habit to around 2’ high with loads of blue trumpet-shaped flowers in July. For part to full shade with acidic, consistently moist soil. Zone 5.

    septemfida var. lagodechiana     Native to Asia with 10-15in. stems that lie more or less flat on the ground, turning upward at the tips. In mid-summer, beautiful, true blue trumpets in clusters begin blooming and continue for an extended period. A smaller gentian suitable for the front of the border or rock garden in sun to part shade with moist but well-drained soil. Zone 5.

Gentiana `True Blue'

x ‘True Blue’   Large,(2in.), upward-facing, true blue bell-shaped flowers. Blooms appear all along the stems from mid summer into early fall, 24 to 30ins. tall. Grow in moist but well drained, acidic soil, in sun to part shade. Zone 4.

Geranium (Cranesbill)   Easy, long flowering, essentially free of pests and diseases, asking only for ordinary, but well drained soil. Most form low, slowly spreading mounds, readily increased by division of clumps in spring or fall. They respond well to being cut back after flowering, and will rapidly regrow fresh, new foliage. They derive their common name, Cranesbill, from the beak-like fruits.  08-FullSun-s 07-PartialShade-s 04-Drip2

Geranium Blushing Turtle 175

Geranium ‘Blushing Turtle’    A hybrid sanguinium type geranium bred for improved drought tolerance and extended bloom. Flowers are a beautiful soft pink, one-inch across with intricate veins of bolder, more vivid pink. Blooms heaviest in June over rich, green, maple-leaf foliage that forms thick, impressive mounds, with rebloom through September. Leaves take on rich fall hues in autumn. Trouble-free performer with fantastic garden presence. 24" tall by 36" wide. Zone 5.

    macrorrhizum ‘Spessart’     Blush-pink almost white, blossoms over weed-choking, groundcovering foliage. Leaves are deliciously fragrant. Tolerant of dry soil and distinctly more accepting of part shade than most other varieties. The attractive foliage looks good on its own after flowering has finished. 15ins. tall. Zone 3.

Geranium Orion 175

'Orion'   A cross between G. himalayense 'Gravetye' and G. 'Brookside' with large, 2" true-blue flowers for many weeks in spring over non-flopping clumps of deeply cut, dark green foliage that can reach 3' tall x 3' wide. Heat and humidity tolerant , long flowering, and shows excellent red fall foliage. Though it doesn’t bloom all summer it can be relied on for a solid month’s worth of large, deep blue flowers from mid spring into mid summer. A carefree, reliable performer. If cut back to the ground in mid summer, it will regrow into an attractive, upright clump. We like it as much as G. ‘Rozanne’.

    pratense ‘Dark Reiter’   Dark reddish-plum foliage streaked with green and dark lilac flowers begining in June and continuing for many weeks. 10ins. tall. Not to be confused with ‘Midnight Reiter’ or ‘Victor Reiter Jr.’

    'Rozanne'   Large, saucer-shaped violet-blue flowers with a white center that bloom without interruption from May to Oct. Also looks great in planters and one plant will fill out a large container and look great by the pool or on a patio. 20"t x 30"w. If plants become too sprawly by mid-summer, simply cut them back hard and, in a week or two, they will have re-grown and begun a re-bloom that will continue into fall. For sun in reasonably rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil.  Deer resistant. Zone 4.

    sanguineum ‘Album’    0ne of my all-time favorites with 1“ pure white flowers blooming just over the top of handsome, low-mounding, deep green foliage. Blooms late spring well into summer. For those gardeners searching for white flowers, this is a variety worth checking out. Grow in sun, in average or better soil. zone 3.

    sanguineum ‘Max Frei’    2" wide, reddish purple flowers proliferate close over the top of lush, dark green foliage mounds which are very dense and make a wonderful cushion to showcase the abundant, bright flowers. Very easy to grow and virtually pest and disease free. Plants form thick expanding mounds that can be used for groundcover. A valuable, long blooming addition to the mixed sunny border. 10-15" high by 18-24" wide. Grow in sun to light shade in average soil.

    sanguineum ‘Purple Flame’ New    Geraniums are very popular and for good reason. They are easy to grow and perfect for tucking in the garden border where they can stand alone or be used en masse. ‘Purple Flame’ is one of the best purple cultivars forming a neat clump of dark green foliage, 12” tall by 12”-15” wide that’s overspread with purple/red flowers June-July with sporadic rebloom through the rest of the summer. Zone 3.

    sanguineum var. striatum   A beautiful, time-honored geranium with blush pink flowers delicately veined with dark pink, and attractive dark green, thickly matted foliage. Low growing, with an overall height of 8-10ins. Formerly known as G. lancastriense. Zone 3.

    x cantabrigiense ‘Biokovo’     Lots of light pink flowers in May-June carried above dense, weed-choking foliage. Flowers are basically white, tinged pink at the base for an overall light pink effect, attractively displayed above the foliage with good separation between flowers and foliage. Forms a thick mound of rounded, lobed, fragrant leaves that take on smart burgundy color in fall. Practically indestructible on a range of soils from poor to rich, in sun to light shade. 6”-12” tall and moderately spreading into attractive clumps appropriate for mixed borders and larger groupings for perennial groundcover. Have seen it used very effectively as edging along long, winding paths and driveways. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant. A hybrid from the Biokova Mts. in Croatia. 2015 Perennial Plant of the Year. Zone 4.

Geum chiloense fl. pl. ‘Blazing Sunset’ New    The orange-tinged, scarlet red, double blooms of this variety are much larger and longer blooming than many other Geum, late spring into mid-summer. Best in sun, in humus-rich soil with good drainage. Does not like wet feet, especially in winter. Up to 24” tall. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Geum chiloense fl. pl. ‘Red Dragon’ New     Large, frilly double scarlet red flowers bloom late spring through summer on 16”-20” stems over low mounds of coarse green leaves. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant.  Best in sun, in humus-rich soil with good drainage. Does not like wet feet, especially in winter. Zone 4.

Geum ‘Mai Tai’(Cocktail Series)   Apricot, semi-double flowers with a rosy cast are carried in clusters on burgundy stems. Blooming begins in late spring and continues for several weeks. Deadheading encourages rebloom. The very appealing, uniquely colored blooms have an airy, naturalistic quality that blends easily with small to medium grasses in the sunny border as well as in meadow gardens. 15-18” tall  Deer resistant. Zone 5.

Geum Flames of Passion 175

Geum rivale ‘Flames of Passion’       Upward-facing, dark, purplish-red flowers bloom April-May on 16-18" stems. Reblooms in mid-summer. Medium green foliage forms a 12" high mound and flower stems rise another 16-18". Grow in full in average, well drained soil. This bland description in no way does justice to the unique color of this striking geum. Needs to be seen to be appreciated. Zone 5.


Gillenia (Porteranthus) stipulatus See under Woodland Flowers

Gillenia (Porteranthus) trifoliata  See under Woodland Flowers

Gillenia (Porteranthus) trifoliata ‘Pink Profusion’ See under Woodland Flowers  

Glaucium flavum var. aurantiacum      The Horned Poppy has delicious, poppy-like flowers on plants that thrive in the worst soils. 2-2", burnt orange,(could be yellow), single flowers rise 1' above attractive rosettes of silvery blue leaves, blooming for the better part of summer. Plants require perfect drainage and actually prefer dry, gravely, infertile sites, in hot, full sun. We have several such places and that's where we place them, and they love it! In our garden, plants behave as perennials that are now three years old and counting, but, they may also act as annuals or biennuals. Regardless of which form they end up taking, they are reliable self-seeders that will bloom the first year from seed. Long blooming, starting in early July and continuing right on through the hottest part of summer.

Goniolimon collinum ‘Sea Spray’ Bulgarian Statice     Low mounds of broad, thick-textured blue/green leaves give rise to abundant, sturdy, much branched sprays of tiny, white, star-shaped flowers. Blooms July-August, at a time when many other flowering plants are starting to look a little tired. Easy to please in full sun with well-drained, even dryish soil. 1’ high by 2’ wide, attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, deer resistant, nice for fresh cut arrangements. Zone 5(4).

Gypsophila pan. Festival Star®     An extremely long blooming cultivar, flowering for several months beginning in late spring. Forms a short, neatly compact mound of grey-green foliage that is covered in dense sprays of pure white flowers. Does not go summer dormant. Adds a light, airy touch that drifts and weaves across the front of the sunny border, 12”-18” high. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant. Cuts well. Zone 3.

Gypsophila pan. ‘Perfecta’    Large, double white flowers on wispy panicles are more robust than 'Bristol Fairy. Invaluable as a long-lasting cut flower and also as a filler plant in gardens and arrangements. Ideal for masking dying bulb foliage. Grow in full sun, in rich but well drained soil with a pH of around neutral or somewhat higher, ( it never hurts to add a handful of lime at planting time ). 3' high, blooms in summer, attracts butterflies, deer resistant, and, it's one of the very best cuts.  Zone 3.

Gypsophila repens ‘Filou Rose’ New     Pale rose-pink flowers bloom late spring through summer over bluish green, thread-leaf foliage. Grows to 6” tall with a compact, well-branched, dense habit which makes it useful as a front-of-the-border filler plant, either in group plantings or in loosely woven drifts that flow around and soften the effect of less delicate companions. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

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Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066



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