Bay State Perennial Farm



Bay State Perennial Farm is known for its wide selection of perennials. Plants are listed alphabetically by their latin names and can be located by clicking on the first letter of the plant name in the alphabet above.

Eryngium Big Blue best

Eryngium ‘Big Blue’

Echinacea (Purple Coneflower)     An easy to grow, low-maintenance perennial with long-blooming, daisy-like flowers. Strong performer in the mixed border or meadow garden. Attracts butterflies; excellent cut flower. Goldfinches relish the seeds. We’re excited to be offering many new varieties this year. Zone 3. 08-FullSun-s 05-Drip 02-Butterfly scissors

Echinacea So Belle175 2016

Echinacea ‘Butterfly Kisses’(Cone-Fections™ Series)      An improved double pom-pom selection with bright pink, fragrant flowers. Blooms freely on sturdy stems just above the compact, well-branched, deep green foliage. Just 18” tall and very cute. Works well in containers. Zone 4.

    ‘Cheyenne Spirit’    Large, single flowers in a vivid color mix that evokes the spirit of the N. American prairie. Colors including orange, red, rosy-red, yellow, purple and cream. Plants have an excellent habit. They’re well-branched, strong and bushy, about 2’ high. Attracts butterflies, good for cutting. Blooms from mid summer intio fall. Removing spent flowers prolongs bloom. Full sun, zone 4a.

Echinacea Dbl Scoop Cranberry

 Double Scoop Cranberry   Deep cranberry red, fully double flowers bloom through summer and on into fall on sturdy stems, 30” high. As they mature throughout their long bloom season, flowers undergo subtle color changes that enhance their garden appeal. For average or better soil that’s evenly moist but well drained. Plants develop more drought tolerance as they become established. Nice in fresh cut bouquets and the large central cones bring interest to dried arrangements. Attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds. Zone 4.

    Double Scoop™ Mandarin Orange New     You’ll need your sun glasses for looking at these large, 4” wide, fluorescent orange, pom-pom flowers. And, unlike earlier introductions, these flowers are supported on strong, non-drooping stems. With age, the flowers take on dark rosy pink tones. 22” tall. Zone 4.

    ‘Fatal Attraction’      Hot pink to red flowers with deep orange center cones, held on 2-3’, unique, black stems. The combination of these unique characteristics inspires an awesome sense of “deco-gothic” that sets this Coneflower apart from all others and ranks it as one of the most sought after perennials we offer. Zone 4.

Echinacea Green Jewel 175

Echinacea ‘Green Jewel’    Single, light green petals surround a large, dark green cone. Flowers are 3-5ins. wide and, unlike some of the other green flowered coneflowers, they hold their color as they age. Plants have a nice compact, upright habit, 20-24ins. tall. Zone 3.

    ‘Hot Coral’ (Sombrero™ series) New 2018   Coral orange flowers with a hint of red on compact, well branched plants, 2’ tall. These sturdy, long-blooming plants deliver real flower power from mid-summer into fall. Attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Zone 4.          

    ‘Hot Papaya’    The first double orange Coneflower. It displays large, 3” wide, rich papaya-red rays and a prominent, tufted center of contrasting orange/red. Long blooming and , like all Echinacea, drought tolerant, requiring only average, well-drained soil. Full sun yields best flowering. Zone 5.

    ‘Julia’     Large, glowing tangerine flowers, 4” across on low-growing, well-branched stems. Flowers turn golden orange as they age. Compact, stocky habit, only 16-18” tall. Zone 4.

Echinacea Sombrero Lemon Yellow 175

Echinacea ‘Lemon Yellow’ (Sombrero™ series)    Bright, golden yellow flowers with a hint of green on compact, sturdy, well-branched plants, around 2’ high. Plants bloom heavily through summer. We’ve had Sombrero™ Salsa Red in our garden for going on three years and we give it high marks for hardiness and consistent, heavy bloom. We’re excited about this new series of Echinacea, all of which share the fine garden attributes of proven hardiness and consistent bloom, and we eager await the arrival of new colors. Zone 4.

    pallida ‘Hula Dancer’     Flowers with long narrow, drooping, pink blushed white petals that sway in the breeze like a grass skirt. Blooms June-July on 24”-36” stems with a spread of 18”. Offers a different take on the “bigger and brighter is better” trend in current coneflower breeding. And Goldfinches agree as they gobble up the seeds. For sun, with average or better, reasonably moist but well-drained soil. Plants become more drought tolerant as they become established. Not a showoff, but a gentle, soothing presence. Most effective in group plantings and combines nicely with grasses, Amsonia and other informal, naturalistic companions. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

    ‘Pow Wow White’    Pure white, single flowers with bronze-yellow centers, on plants that are uniform, compact and well-branched,16-24" tall.  A superior seed grown strain delivering heavy, consistent bloom on well formed clumps. Drought tolerant, long-blooming and useful to cutting. Zone 4.

    ‘Pow Wow Wild Berry’   Trialed throughout the United States and chosen as an All American Selection winner, this outstanding coneflower delivers a profusion of 3-4", deep , rose-purple flowers on stout, well-branched plants. Its improved basal branching ensures increased flower counts per plant. Blooms all season without deadheading and flowers display excellent color retention. 16-24" tall. Drought tolerant, good for cutting, seeds eaten by birds. 

Echinacea Butt Rain Mar 175

Echinacea ‘Rainbow Marcella’ (Butterfly™ Series)    Single, orange sherbet blooms age to a soft raspberry with both colors present on the flower at the same time. Compact and strong stemmed, 2’ tall. Super heavy bloomer through summer and on into fall, lasting until the arrival of hard frosts. Attracts butterflies and many other pollinators. Zone 4.

    ‘Salsa Red’ (Sombrero™ series)    Another excellent member of the Sombrero™ series that were bred to have well-branched, sturdy and compact foliage with a high bud count. ‘Salsa Red’ has large, hot, fiery orange/red flowers with petals held vertically to the stems, not drooping. Blooming starts in early summer and extends into fall on compact, sturdy and well-branched plants, 2’ tall. Plant in sun, in average or better well-drained soil. Drought tolerant when established. Attracts butterflies and makes an excellent cut flower. Zone 5a.

    ‘Sangrita’ (Sombrero™ series)      Vibrant scarlet-red flowers carried on burgundy-red stems. Forms a sturdy, compact clump, 18-20” tall. Blooms from mid-summer into fall and becomes drought tolerant once established. Deadheading will prolong the bloom.  Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, nice for cutting. Zone 4.

Echinops (Globe Thistle)     Bold, showy plants, undemanding and easy to grow in any ordinary, well drained garden soil. Flower heads are dense spiny globes, excellent for cutting and drying. Taller species are good back of the border plants; smaller species combine well with Heleniums and Daylilies. 08-FullSun-s 05-Drip 04-Drip2 02-Butterfly scissors

    ruthenicus ‘Platinum Blue’    Bright silvery, spiny foliage displaying deep blue, globe-shaped flowers for many weeks in summer. Its lower height of 3' makes it easy to use in modern mixed borders where its long blooming, distinctively shaped flowers provide structural interest and wonderful contrast with perennials such as Yarrow, Baby's Breath and so many others. Very easy to grow in full sun, in average, even dry, soil. Excellent for cutting and drying.

Epimedium     Lovely woodland plants that tolerate dry shade. An aristocratic plant in both leaf and flower. 07-PartialShade-s 06-FullShade-s 05-Drip 04-Drip2 03-Drip3 scissors


Epimedium grandiflorum Lilafee

grandiflorum ‘Lilafee’      Long spurred, amethyst purple flowers held well above the foliage in a showy display. New foliage emerges bronzy red, turns green in summer, then back to bronze red in fall. Clump forming. 8-12" high. For part shade with average, moderately wet to dryish soil. Plants become quite drought tolerant once established. If planted in sun, soil should be evenly moist through the season. Zone 4.

    ‘Raspberry Rhapsody’ New 2018      Mauve-rose & pink flowers carried just above 12-15” foliage mounds. New foliage starts out mahogany-red and gradually changes to green. Zone 5.

    ‘Spine Tingler’ New 2018     Elongated evergreen foliage is toothed with sharp spines, giving the whole plant an exotic appearance year round. Yellow flowers emerge above the foliage in early spring. 2” tall. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Epimedium g Sweethear 175

x rubrum     A hybrid between E. alpinum and E. grandiflorum with deep, rosy-red, 1in. flowers in spring and heart-shaped leaves that are particularly ornamental in spring and fall when tinged red. 10-12ins. tall.

    x youngianum ‘Niveum’    Small, 6-8" tall plants with clear white flowers over sharply serrated leaves marked with red in spring, turning crimson in fall. Blooms mid to late May. One of our favorites for its tiny, neat habit and pure white flowers in early spring. Nice as an edger but at its best in drifts of just a few plants or many. Like all epimedium, it divides well, so that before you know it you'll have plenty to spread around the shady garden. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Epimedium Sulphureum 175

Epimedium x youngianum 'Sulphureum'     A proven performer that’s hard to beat for flowers, foliage and all-around garden performance. Soft, butter-yellow blooms on 10ins. stems in spring over gray-green leaves attractively edged in burgundy-red. Makes a classy groundcover, especially in those difficult dry shade areas. Also nice in smaller groups to add interest in the mixed shady border. 10-15” tall.

Eremurus himalaicus      (Himalayan Foxtail Lily) Spectacular, tall flower spicks, up to 6’ high, possibly to 8’, carrying large, tightly packed inflorescences of starry white flowers, spikes to 3’ long. Foliage is light green, yucca-like, forms a bold, attractive base clump, 18” to 24” high and wide. From temperate Himalayan regions. Requires rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil in sun. Will languish in poor, dry locations. Can be dug in fall and stored in a cool dry place. Rated for zone 5 but, given ideal conditions, could be hardier or, in poor conditions, less hardy. Challenging, but the reward of succeeding makes it worth every effort.

Eryngium (Sea Holly) Fascinating flowers that are some of the best for cutting. Very heat tolerant and hot full sun is necessary. Not fussy about soil so long as it’s perfectly drained.  08-FullSun-s 05-Drip 04-Drip2 scissors

Eryngium Big Blue 175

Eryngium ‘Big Blue’    Silver leaves and large, iridescent blue flowers on blue stems. The flower isn’t just blue, it’s iridescent blue and sure to make a statement in any garden. The upright, 30” stems are also a stunning, glowing blue. Deer resistant, great for cutting. For full sun with average, well-drained soil, zone 4.

    planum ‘Blue Hobbit’     The first truly dwarf Eryngium standing only 8-12" high when in bloom. Large, shimmering blue flowers assert themselves above rosettes of smooth, blue-green leaves for a long period in mid summer. Very drought tolerant and best suited to places with full sun and average, very well drained soil. Though short stemmed, flowers are excellent for cutting. Zone 4.

Eupatorium     Native wildflowers, valuable for their late summer/fall blooming and for the architectural quality they provide. Most prefer fertile, moist soils.  08-FullSun-s 04-Drip2 03-Drip3 02-Butterfly

    colestinum New 2018     Clouds of bright blue flowers carried above dense, non-flopping clumps of bright green foliage. Blooms August-September infusing unexpected shades of blue into the late summer-early fall garden. 1 - 2’ tall. Prefers evenly moist soil in sun. Nice in mixed borders, meadow gardens and in waterside plantings. Full sun. Zone 5.

    dubium ‘Baby Joe’   Broad, dome-shaped panicles of mauve-purple flowers carried on short, sturdy, dark purple-red stems. Blooms from mid-summer into autumn providing bold splashes of late season color. At only 2-3’ high, it mixes well with other perennials adding strong vertical structure and color without overpowering everything in sight the way the larger varieties sometimes do when crammed into a spot that’s too small. Full sun, with average/rich soil that’s reasonably moist through the season. Attracts butterflies. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

    fortunei ‘Pink Frost’    (Japanese Joe-Pye Weed)  A unique, eye-catching, variegated version of Joe Pye Weed with medium bluish green leaves that have an attractive creamy yellow edge. Demonstrates good vigor and uniformity with sprays of pink flowers Aug.-Sept. Grows 36-48" tall and does best in good garden soil that’s reasonably moist, in sun. Zone 4.

    maculatum    (Spotted Joe Pye Weed) Similar to E. purpureum in height and form but with purple speckled, rather than green stems. Also, flower heads are larger than those of E. purpureum and plants are rated a zone hardier, to zone 3 instead of 4. Flowers are bright mauve-pink and occur in flower heads consisting of 9-15 flowers which, in turn, combine with numerous other flower heads to build a cluster up to l' across.  To be at their best, plants require evenly moist soil for the entire season, and full sun. Large growing to 5-6', creating an imposing presence at the back of the border. 

    purpureum ‘Gateway’     Large plants with an imposing presence, especially in July - September when their huge, bright, mauve-pink flower clusters tower over the border on 6' tall, sturdy stems.  Eupatorium purpureum is more adapted to growing in drier conditions than other eupatorium species and will thrive in a wide range of garden conditions from quite moist to average, well drained cites. Combines beautifully with late-summer to fall blooming Asters and Rudbeckias. Full sun to light shade. Zone 4.

    rugosum 'Chocolate'     Handsome purple/burgundy foliage contrasts nicely with the clusters of small white flowers that bloom in late summer. Grows 3-4' tall, with a neat, compact, spreading habit and is at its best in rich, moist soil, in full sun. Great contrast plant. I’ve paired it with Peroskia for a dynamite burgundy, blue and silver combo.  Hardy to at least zone 5, and probably colder.

Euphorbia (Spurge)    Plants with attractive foliage and long lasting, highly colored "flowers", which are actually bracts. Easy to grow in well drained garden soil, pest and disease resistant, long-lived.  08-FullSun-s 07-PartialShade-s 05-Drip 04-Drip2

    corollata    One of the longest blooming perennials, summer into fall. Showy masses of tiny, dainty white flowers bloom in large, airy sprays. Heat and drought resistant. More durable than Baby’s Breath which it resembles and for which it could be substiuted in situations where the former has proven difficult to grow. Small jade green leaves turn vivid red in autumn. 1-3'. Zone 5.

    polychroma (epithymoides)    Bluish-green, medium-sized leaves on sturdy, upright stems that form a dense, clumping, non-spreading, mound, almost shrub-like in appearance. In spring, showy yellow flower bracts crowd the stem tips, covering the plants with a bright, impressive display for many weeks. After blooms fade, the attractive foliage and tidy habit continue to have excellent landscape appeal. Easy in sun to light shade in average or better well-drained soil where plants will live for many years untroubled by pests or disease. Works as a single specimen in the mixed bed and is especially effective when planted in larger groups of 3 or many more. Some possible companions are orange Geum, purple Aubrieta and blue-purple ground phlox. Many new Euphorbias have come on the scene but E. polychroma remains one of the best! Zone 3.

    polychroma ‘Bonfire’    Bonfire’ is the first spurge to keep its brilliant foliage color all season long! Leaves emerge green but then turn dark red as they mature and retain this color throughout the season. Tightly packed foliage on upright stems form a dense, compact mound. Chartreuse bracts in spring contrast dramatically with the red foliage. Colorful from spring til fall. Matures at 12ins. high by 15-18ins. Zone 5.

    x martinii ‘Ascot Rainbow’ see underTenders  


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Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066



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