Bay State Perennial Farm



Bay State Perennial Farm is known for its wide selection of perennials. Plants are listed alphabetically by their latin names and can be located by clicking on the first letter of the plant name in the alphabet above.

Astilbe Delft Lace 400

Astilbe japonica ‘Delft Lace’

Acanthus mollis    Beautiful, glossy, thick textured foliage mounds to a 2’ high by 2½-3’ wideThough plants themselves are hardy, flower bud hardiness is more problematic and flowers may not develop consistently from year to year. Even so, plants are very desirable for their foliage alone and, with or without flowers, clumps never fail to attract lots of attention from nursery visitors. More shade tolerant than other species but in no way fussy about soil type. If you look closely you’ll see this beautiful leaf depicted on U.S. currency, (that’s assuming you have some U.S. currency on your person to look at). Also, the leaves were so attractive to the ancient Greeks that they duplicated them at the tops of their more elaborate columns. 

Acanthus spinosissimus (Bear's Breeches)    Leaves are dark green, spiny, very glossy and highly ornamental. The 2-2½ft., large clumps make a dramatic statement. Imposing spikes of mauve-pink rise 3-4ft. in midsummer. A stiking plant for both foliage and flower, and equally at home in the border or in a container. Easy, requiring only a site in full, or very light shade, with good drainage. Often listed as hardy to zone 6, but has overwintered reliably for us in the ground for many years, even self-sowing a bit.

Achillea (Yarrow)    Extremely hardy, free-flowering, needs well drained soil and full sun.  Good for cutting and drying. All are hardy to zone 3. 08-FullSun-s Drip Drip2 Butterfly scissors

    ‘Coronation Gold’   A classic border perennial, with large, bright gold flower heads on 3-3½' stems in late spring, gray-green foliage. Flower stems are thick and sturdy and display the flowers to perfection. Beautiful paired with Salvia n. 'May Night' and Heliotropium 'Marine'. Grow in full sun in average, well drained soil. Zone 4.

    millefolium hybrids    These are carefree hybrids that thrive in average to poor, well drained soil in full sun and, with minimal cutting back, bloom virtually all summer.  Foliage is usually a pleasant shade of green with a light, ferny texture.  Plants recover quickly from hard pruning and, if so treated at the first sign of untidiness, will regrow into an attractive, fresh plant in a very short time.  Replication of plants could not be easier, simply dig and divide into as many pieces as needed.  Plants sometimes grow too vigorously for their own good, depleting nutrients and crowding other plants and we generally make it a practice to significantly reduce clump size every couple of years. 

Achillea mill  'Apricot Delightt'

‘Apricot Delight’    Developed in Holland and known for its long bloom time, unique flower color and sturdy, compact growth habit. Flowers develop in eye-catching clusters of a chameleon-like blend of pink, apricot and red on sturdy, upright stems, 13” high.  This is a garden designers dream plant with its sultry earth tones that compliment almost any scheme.

  • ‘New Vintage™ Violet    Dark magenta-violet flowers carried just above the foliage lending a neat, uniform look to the clump. Flowers are slower to fade than older varieties.  1’-2’ tall. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant, nice for cutting. 
  • ‘New Vintage Red’ New     Deep red flowers presented just above the lending a neat, uniform look to the clump. Flowers are slower to fade than older varieties.  1’-2’ tall. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant, nice for cutting. 

    ‘Pomegranate’    Up to 4” wide, flat, disc-like flowers of rich, red-purple. The intensely colored flowers are carried on sturdy, 2½’ stems over attractive fern-like foliage. Like most other Achillea, ‘Pomegranate’ can be kept in bloom from June till September with modest, regular deadheading. Sun and average, well drained soil. Go light on the fertilizer as excessive feeding will lead to week stems that tend to keel over. Hardy through zone 4 and beyond. Deer resistant.

    ‘Pink Grapefruit’     Huge, clusters of lavender/pink flowers over dark green, compact and low-growing, non-flopping plants. Very attractive, with definite purple tones, a new color for yarrow. Long blooming, especially if deadheaded. 2’ tall, for sun with average, reasonably moist but well-drained soil. Nice at the front of the sunny border combined with purple Cranesbill or Coreopsis ‘Mercury Rising’. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant. Zone 3.

    ‘Saucy Seduction’   Deep rose pink flowers on top of sturdy stems and thick foliage, a great garden performer, 26 ins. tall. One of the new generation of garden yarrows that are lower growing with stronger, more upright stems. Zone 4.

    ‘Terracotta’    Another earth-toned, designer-friendly yarrow, taller than ‘Apricot Delight’ at 30-36” but with similar rich earthy, burnt orange/yellow coloration. Begins blooming in early summer and, with deadheading, will continue throughout summer. Its unique color is invaluable for toning down stronger shades.

    ptarmica ‘Noblessa’    Small, fully double white button-like flowers bloom in open clusters for many weeks from late spring until well into summer. This is a newer, shorter variety that improves upon the original, Achillea p. 'The Pearl'. Only 2' tall, completely undemanding and perfectly happy in average soil, in full sun. Plants have a light, airy quality that make them good filler plants anywhere in the sunny border, and, they're good substitutes for Baby's Breath in places where Baby's Breath refuses to overwinter. Attractive to butterflies, deer resistant, good for cutting. Zone 3.

    tomentosa ‘Golden Fleece’ New    (Wooly Yarrow) 3” tall by 12” wide mats of wooly, grey-green foliage. From early summer into autumn, 2” bright yellow umbels bloom across the wooly mats on 6” stems. For average, well-drained soil, full sun. Very well suited for rock gardens and crevices between boulder and edging stones. Zone 3. 

    x ‘Moonshine’     Flat-topped, sulfur yellow flower clusters over bright silver, ferny foliage. A clump forming selection that blooms over a long period and, if cut back, will rebloom. Awarded the RHS Award of Garden Merit for superior garden performance, . Zone 3.

Aconitum (Monkshoods)      Monkshoods are related to Delphiniums, but are longer -lived and tolerant of shade and moist (not soggy) soil. Bloom time ranges from mid to late summer to early fall. The taller, more stately varieties sometimes require staking. Hardy to Zone 3. Warning: all parts are poisonous. FullSun-s PartialShade-s Drip2 Drip3 scissors.

Aconitum carmichaelii 'Arendsii'

Aconitum carmichaelii x ‘Arendsii'    3-4' sturdy spires of dark violet, hooded flowers that need no support. Blooms later than other Aconitums, Sept.-Oct. Combines effectively with Japanese Anemones for a late summer-fall display. Grow in sun if rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil can be provided. If soil fertility and moisture levels are less than idea, then part shade is best in the form of all-day filtered light or afternoon shade. Zone 3.  


Agastache    This is a large group of plants that thrive in hot, dry, sunny places and bloom nonstop all summer long. Many are hardy in Zone 5, while many others are more tender, but any that you can get your hands on are worth having. Plants are upright growing with flowers presented on spikes that rise, in most cases, well above the foliage. All parts of the plant are deliciously fragrant and irresistible to hummingbirds and butterflies. 

    aurantiaca ‘Tango’    A compact variety with trumpet shaped, red-hot, orange flowers from mid summer into early fall. Vigorous growing, forming a dense, well branched structure with gray-green foliage and thick flower spikes, 12"-18" tall. Like all Agastaches, it's a strong nectar producer that will attract hummingbirds, butterflies and many other pollenators. Best in full sun with average, well-drained soil. Tolerates hot dry conditions. Deer and rabbit resistant. Zone 5.

    ‘Ava’    Gorgeous dark rose pink flowers with raspberry calyxes from early summer to mid-fall on sturdy stems growing 48-60” tall by 24” wide. The sweetly fragrant foliage will have you jostling with hummingbirds for a better whiff of the enticing aroma. The strong vertical stems hoist the summer-long blooms to eye-catching heights, effectively injecting bright spots of color throughout the hot, sunny border. For average, well drained soil in hot, full sun. Deer resistant. Zone 5.

    ‘Blue Boa’   Hummingbirds and butterflies and, of course, gardeners are in for a treat when this new Anise Hyssop unfurls its extra large, intensely colored, violet-blue flower spikes, said to be the deepest colored blue form yet! Grows 2’ tall by 16” wide, drought tolerant and heat loving. Blooms through summer and on into fall.

Agastache Bolero 175

‘Bolero’   Rosy/purple spikes bloom from early summer into fall over dense mounds of deep bronzy/green leaves. Leaves are strongly licorice scented. Well adapted to sites in full sun with average to dry soil, it’s a great choice for keeping color in the garden all summer long, even in those difficult hot, dry spaces. Flowers are very attractive to butterflies, bees and hummingbirds whose foraging visits add a whole new dimention to the gardening experience. 16” tall with an equal spread. Zone 5.

    Kudos Series Coral New    Compact plants with a long bloom period, extending through summer. Flowers are a glowing red/pink over wonderfully aromatic foliage that will have you making up excuses to spend time fussing around in their midst. Full sun. Heat and drought tolerant though they have their limits. During the severe 2016 drought, our border plants needed occasional watering. Up to 2’ tall. Irresistible to butterflies, hummingbirds and a horde of pollinators. Deer resistant. Zone 5

    ‘Little Adder’     If the standard sized Agastache ‘Black Adder is too big for your garden, then ‘Little Adder’ may be just the ticket. It’s low and compact growing, only 18”-24” tall and it retains the strong lavender/blue color of ‘Black Adder’, much more vibrant that the washed-out lavender of A. ‘Blue Fortune’. 

    ‘Liquorice White’(rugosa f. albiflora) New   White spikes from mid to late summer over green, licorice scented foliage. Grows to around 3’ tall and spreads moderately fast to make an attractive mid-border filler. Easy to grow and to divide when necessary. Attracts butterflies, hummingbirds and a host of beneficial pollinators, plus it’s drought tolerant and resists rabbits and deer. Also cuts well.     

Ajuga ‘Black Scallop’   Oversized, dark-eggplant, scalloped leaves form a striking, low-growing groundcover, 4-6” tall. Deep blue flowers bloom abundantly on short spikes, late spring-early summer. Foliage darkens even more in full sun. Easy to grow in average, well-drained soil. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

    ‘Chocolate Chip’   A dwarf Bugleweed with tiny, 1/2in. wide, chocolate colored leaves and blue flowers on low, 2in. stalks. Blooms April-May, but foliage is attractive throughout the season. Spreads quickly. Zone3.

  • reptans ‘Burgundy Glow’      6” blue flower spikes in May over fast spreading, mat-forming, white, pink and purple variegated leaves. Happy almost everywhere, sun, shade, part-shade, though performs best in part shade. Excellent for filling gaps at the front of the border. Retains its colorful foliage right through the season, making it especially showy in the late-season garden at a time when color is at a premium. Gives a big return for very little effort on the part of the gardener. Deer resistant. Zone 3.
  • reptans ‘Pink Lightning’  A white-edged sport of ‘Purple Torch’ with mauve-pink flowers in early spring. Very effective color contrast when in bloom. Slowly spreading like most A. reptans varieties. 6” high. Deer resistant. Zone 3.
  • White Flowered Form     Glistening white flowers on 6”-8” spikes above rosettes of deep green foliage. A beautiful and rare form, shared with us by a New Hampshire gardening friend. Heavy blooming and less rampant than most other Ajuga. Its low, pure white spikes lend a sense of quiet beauty to the shade/part-shade garden. A good choice for shaded, mixed containers. Like all Ajuga, it practically grows itself without any effort on the part of the gardener. Completely hardy. Proper name unknown.

Alcea fic hybd Single Mix

Alcea ficifolia hybd. ‘Single Mix’    A vigorous, hardy and easy to grow favorite that continues to appeal to so many gardeners who associate Hollyhocks with an earlier, less complicated era. Stately specimens can often be seen thriving on abandoned farm sites around New England. 6-7’ tall. Grows best and is less prone to hollyhock rust when given good, evenly moist soil in full sun.

Alcea rugosa (Russian hollyhock)     Large single pale yellow flowers and deeply lobed leaves are produced on 6-7' stalks. Increasingly popular due to its classic form, soft yellow flowers and possible resistance to hollyhock rust. Zones 3.

Alcea rosea Spotlight Series ‘Blacknight’     The 'Spotlight Series' features single flowered hollyhocks in individual colors. All exhibit brilliant color and strong stems up to 7' high. An enduring favorite as evidenced by impressive clumps still to be seen thriving on abandoned farmsteads throughout New England. Like so many other favorite garden plants, hollyhocks balance ease of culture and stately, long-blooming flowers against a vulnerability to disease, namely mallow rust. Some plants are effected and others are not, with the healthiest plants produced on cites with full sun and rich, evenly moist, but well-drained soil.  Cutting off spent flower stalks encourages longer bloom and may help with disease control. Hollyhocks have few rivals as bold, back-border perennials and, a big flowering stand of these beauties is a sight to behold! "Black Knight' has dark purple flowers. Zone 3.

Alcea x ficifolia ‘las Vegas’    A hardy siberian hybd. that’s distinctive for its curvy leaves and large saucer-shaped, parchment-like blossoms that shine ´like the bright lights of Vegas´. Blooms May-Oct. with an exceptional mix of single flowers in colors including brown, pink, red, white, and yellow. 5' tall. Noticeably more vigorous than other Hollyhock selections and longer lived than the typical biennial types. Place in sun, in rich, fertile, evenly moist soil that's well drained. Taking the extra effort to provide good growing conditions will pay great dividends in terms of plant longevity and disease resistance. Zone 3.

Alchemilla (Lady's Mantle)    Beautiful foliage plants with sprays of chartreuse flowers in spring/early summer.  Prefers partial shade and moisture, with good drainage. Excellent groundcover and edging plant.  Cut flowers add an airy effect to arrangements, and dry well.  

    epipsila New     A cute, smaller, compact version of A. mollis, with clusters of lime green flowers held upright above the tight foliage mounds, in June. Small enough for the rock garden and for wedging into crevices between edging boulders and between pavers. In sun, with average moisture it looks fresh and perky all summer. Only 10" high. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

    erythropoda     A smaller, more compact Lady’s Mantle with small, gray-green leaves gathered in tight mounds, only 6” high. Plants can be massed to form an attractive and effective, weed-choking groundcover. Sprays of tiny yellow-green flowers are carried well above the foliage for a long period starting in late spring and continuing into summer, and, as cuts, flowers add a nice touch to indoor arrangements. Sun to part shade in average soil with even moisture. Zone 3.

    mollis    Beautiful foliage plants with lovely, gray green, fan-shaped leaves that form an attractive 12" mound, and sprays of tiny chartreuse flowers that hover delicately, just above the leaves in spring/early summer. Flowers are good for cutting and make nice bouquet filliers and, they dry well.  Prefers partial shade and moisture, with good drainage. Excellent groundcover, edging plant. Zone 3.

Alstroemeria Inca Joli™     Compact, bushy, green foliage is topped with vibrant orange-red flowers with a splash of gold in the center. Very long blooming. Alstroemerias are striking in the garden and just as eye-catching in arrangements. All the more outstanding for not being common in northern gardens. 20” tall, blooms all summer. For full sun to light shade with average, evenly moist but well-drained soil. Hardy to zone 6, with some winter protection recommended, (preferably snow but, at least a light mulch). Worth having if even for one season.        

Allium (Ornamental Onions)    Actually bulbs, ornamental onions come in many colors and sizes. Our offerings range from the outrageously large to the diminutive. The foliage on some species goes dormant during or just after flowering, so planting "full-foliaged" plants next door will cover up any unsightly dying leaves.  FullSun-s Drip Drip2 Butterfly 01-Hummingbirds scissors

Allium ours 175

“a rose by any other name.....”    I obtained this beautiful allium many years ago, back when I still had a full head of brown hair. I loved it then and have grown more fond of it with each passing year. Problem is, I’ve never been sure of its identity. It came to us as A. carinatum ssp. pulchellum but that’s incorrect. Could be a selection of A. thunbergii, but I’m just not sure. It’s 15”-20” tall with glacous, clumping foliage that looks great through the season, and a profusion of dense, 1½” amethyst globes for many weeks, starting in late summer. Self seeds enough to build a substantial community, also divides well,(a tough job if you don’t like the smell of onion!). We have it in front of Hemerocallis ‘Country Melody’ but there are no limits to its use in the sunny border. Easy to grow almost anywhere in full sun, providing a lot of garden bang for the buck! Completely hardy.

  • ‘Millennium’  A wonderful summer blooming onion with shiny, emerald green foliage in attractive clumps that remain good looking throughout the season. Clumps reach about 1' in height. In mid July, 2" rosy-purple globes open just above the foliage on stout stems. For full sun with average, well-drained soil. Long blooming, easy to grow and trouble free. Looks nice combined with Stachys monieri 'Hummelo' and Achillea 'Anthea' to form a trio of contrasting flowers, foliage and form. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Deer resistant. Zone 4.
  • moly ‘Jeannine’    Golf ball-sized, bright yellow flower heads comprised of large, individual florets. Leaves are broad for an allium and blue/green in color. Thrives in average well-drained soil, in full sun to light. Blooms May-June. 8-12" tall. One of the most attractive alliums. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

    schoenoprasum ‘Rising Star’   A low-growing, fine-textured selection of Chives with rosy-pink flowers over a long period, late May-August, neatly held above the foliage. Only 1’ tall. Zone 3.

    thunbergii ‘Ozawa’     12" stems carry clusters of bright purple flowers in fall that contrast beautifully with its glowing tawny orange fall foliage. Grow in sun with good drainage. Zone 3.

Alyssum wulfenianum ‘Golden Spring’    Spreading evergreen foliage slowly forms an attractive groundcovering cushion. Large clusters of bright yellow flowers cover the plants in April, combining with the attractive to present a new look for a garden classic. A good choice for rock gardens and for crevices between edging boulders. Full sun, with average and even poor, well-drained soil. 6” high, zone 4.

Amsonia t. ‘Storm Cloud’ New   (Black Star) Makes a dramatic entrance in spring as new shoots emerge near-black, soon to be clothed by dark green leaves, eventually forming a wide, mounded habit 30” tall. From late spring into summer, clusters of gun-metal blue flowers bloom at the ends of stems. Establishes a striking presence in the sunny border. Though the flowers are a definite asset, it’s the black-green cast of stems and leaves that captivates the onlooker. Best in sun, with average, reasonably moist, well-drained soil. Very long-lived and pest free, requiring little care other than the admiration of the wise gardener who chose to plant it. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Amsonia hubrichtii

Amsonia hubrichtii    Narrow, willowy leaves and clusters of ice-blue, star-shaped flowers in June-July. The soft, undulating, light green foliage turns a beautiful orange/amber in Autumn. 4-5' tall. Has a landscape presence similar to grasses but with more “staying power” and less maintenance. It’s perennial for many years, forming discrete clumps that do not need dividing. Zone 5.

Anacyclus depressus New      4”-6” mats with closely branched, trailing stems carrying white daisies with purple backs, in late spring. Flowers close in the evenings and on heavily overcast days. An excellent rock garden choice. Zone 5.

Anemone cylindrica      Forms dense rosettes 12” wide, with an overall height of 2-3’. In June-July, numerous, white petaled, flowers with large, green, central cones are carried above the foliage on 12” stems, long-blooming. Prefers a site in full sun with average, even poor, well-drained soil. Plants will not thrive in rich, moist locations. An excellent choice for those dry, sunny, inhospitable places where little else will grow. Zone 4.

Anemone Dreaming Swan New      Beautiful large, semi-double, white flowers with pink-lilac bands on the backside of the petals. Long blooming, from late Spring to early Fall. Leaves are dark green with a slight gloss. 2’ tall. Best in sun to part shade in fertile, evenly moist soil,(moisture is especially important when plants are grown in the sun). Attracts a host of pollinators and is deer resistant. Zone 6.

Anemone t Robust 175 best

tomentosa ‘Robustissima’    This 3ft. tall, branching, vigorous colonizer produces masses of pale pink flowers that dance on the midsummer and early fall wind. Zone 4

    Wild Swan New    Nodding, pure white flowers with a blue reverse. Grows up to 2’ high with a slowly spreading habit that yields heavy flower production once plants become established. Best in part shade, out of hot full sun, with rich, reasonably moist, well-drained soil. Not exactly sure when it starts blooming though some plants have flower buds now, in early June,(experience will tell). All accounts report that once it starts blooming, it continues, non-stop, through late fall. Cuts well, attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Rabbit resistant. Zone 5.

    x hybrida (Japanese Anemone)     Aristocrats of the late summer-early fall border, Japanese Anemones bloom in shades of white to rich pink, with flower forms from singles to semi-doubles and doubles, rising on stems 2-3' tall, well above the clumps of deep green foliage. Provide rich, organic soil, with good drainage, particularly in winter. Zone 5. Winter protection may not be necessary, but provides some peace of mind.  These beauties are well worth any degree of fuss.

    • x 'Honorine Jobert'     A late-summer into fall beauty with 3-4’ tall, branched stems bearing, single, pure white blossoms, with yellow center stamens. Sept-Oct. These regal flowers resemble those of Cornus florida and impart the same quiet elegance.  Long-blooming and vigorous. For sun with rich, evenly moist soil, or, part shade where less moisture is required. A special presence in the late season garden. Deer resistant. Zone 5.
Angelica gigas

Angelica gigas    Curiouser and curiouser are these intriguing, extraterrestrial buds and flowers. 4-5in. wide, oxblood red, flat panicles emerge from large, exotic looking, horizontal buds, never failing to astonish and amaze no matter how often witnessed. The unique flower color and form bring excitement to even the tamest border. Blooms July - August. Grow in full sun in good to average, moist, but well drained soil. Bienni,al-watch for seedlings. Zone 4. FullSun-s Drip2 Drip3

Angelica sylvestris ‘Vicar’s Mead’ New     Pale purple flowers over deep red stems in early summer. Tall growing, possibly up to 8’ tall, well above most companion plants, as well as most gardeners. An imposing garden presence that immediately captures the eye of the garden observer and stimulates the taste buds of every pollinator in the neighborhood. Oversized, easy to grow, and lots of fun to have in the garden! I like to put Angelica in full sun, in average or better, reasonably moist soil. Biennial, but a good self-seeder. Wonderful pollinator plant. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Aquilegia (Columbine)    Spring and early summer flowering. Prefers rich, moist soil in light shade; good drainage extends life. Columine are an important early source of nectar for returning hummingbirds. Unless otherwise noted, all cultivars are hardy to zone 3.

Aquilegia canadensis

canadensis     The bright red lanterns of this native columbine never fail to delight when happened upon in their natural setting which, here in New England is just about anywhere from open, moist meadows to drier, shady glens. Self seeds prolifically, - the more the merrier of this little gem - and is said to be less appetizing to leaf minors than other columine. 18-24ins. tall. Completely hardy. 

    canadensis ‘Corbett’    A color twist for our native Wild Columbine. Butter yellow flowers bloom in May-June on plants that are only half the size of the species. 12”-18” tall. For sun to part shade with reasonably moist, well-drained soil. Attracts hummingbirds, deer resistant. Zone 3.

    canadensis 'Little Lanterns'    A dwarf, brilliantly colored red and yellow version of our native, 10" high.

    chrysantha ‘Yellow Queen’    Long-spurred, clear yellow flowers in May-June, 2-3' tall. These large, beautifully colored, classic columbine flowers make a mellow change from the newer, brightly colored, two-toned cultivars and can inpart a welcome degree of serenity to the partially shaded garden. Zone 4.

    'Origami Series'     A newer strain of columbine that we've really come to like.  They’re heavy flowering with large flowers in colors that are bright and sharply defined.  Plants are well branched and grow to the perfect front to mid-border height of 18ins. 

    'Origami Blue and White'     Large, blue and white flowers of bright, sharply defined colors. A newer strain of columbine with improved qualities of heavy flowering, better branching and, in general, better overall garden performance,18” tall. All columbines are delightful flowers that add a light, playful touch to the full sun or lightly shaded, spring border.  Blooms mid to late April-May. Attracts hummingbirds, deer resistant. Zone 4.  

    ‘Origami Red and White’    Long-spurred flowers of bright red outer petals and crisp white inner petals with a red eye. A newer strain of columbine that we've come to like a lot. They are heavy flowering with large flowers whose colors are bright and sharply defined. Plants are well branched and grow to the perfect front to mid-border height of 18ins. Attracts hummingbirds, deer resistant. Zone 3.

    ‘Spring Magic Yellow’ New    Large, bright yellow flowers in late spring over dense, low mounds of foliage, 14” tall with a tidy, compact habit. The bright flowers present a cheery spring bouquet to butterflies, hummingbirds and, of course, gardeners. For sun to part shade with decent, reasonably moist soil. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

    vulgaris Barlow Series ‘Black Barlow’    A unique Columbine with dramatic, spherical, multi-pronged flowers that resemble small sea urchins, colored so deeply violet as to appear black. Originally developed as a cut flower, plants have sturdy, branched stems that present well in the garden both close up and from a distance, and in a vase as the focus of any arrangement. Zone 3.

    vulgaris Barlow Series ‘Christa Barlow’    Old fashion double, gracefully nodding flowers carried on tall, 30" stems. Plants lend an elegant touch to the garden as much for their intricate, blue/purple flowers and for the way the flowers are elegantly presented atop very tall, leafless stems, high above the foliage. Grow in sun to part shade in rich, moist but well drained soil. Excellent for cutting. Zone 3.

Aquilegia Clementine Sal-rose

    Aquilegia vulgaris ‘Clementine Salmon-Rose’     One of a new and exciting series of Columbine with a clean, compact habit and upright flower stems that present the double, upward-facing flowers, bouquet-like, in the center of the tightly mounded foliage. Bloom is heavy and continuous from midspring into summer with large, fully double, salmon colored flowers intriguing for their departure from the familiar Columbine form.

  • vulgaris ‘Clementine Dark Purple’     Double, upward-facing dark purple flowers on compact plants, 1’-2’ tall. Flowers are carried in snug clusters above the tightly mounded foliage. Bloom is heavy and continuous from midspring into summer with large, fully double, dark purple flowers, intriguing for their departure from the familiar Columbine form.
  • vulgaris ‘Ruby Port’    Large, deep red, fully double, spurless flowers, nicely displayed above the foliage on 30" stems. Combinations well with silver leaved plants such as lychnis coronaria, Stachys and Perovskia. Good for cutting. Sun to part shade in organic soil that's moist but well drained. Zone 3.

Arabis caucasica ’Pixie Cream’ New     If you’re tired of the same old Arabis in shades of pinks and white, look no further. ‘Pixie Cream’ is a cream colored rockcress with a golden yellow eye. It has a compact habit, growing to 4’ tall like others in this genus. It blends easily with other plants helping to tone down sharp colors. Great in the rock garden as well as the front of the garden border. Zone 3.

Aralia Sun King 175

Aralia cordata ‘Sun King’   A large, golden leaved, tropical looking perennial that's perfect for brightening an otherwise drab shady spot. Foiliage emerges bright gold in spring and, with a few hours of sun, will retain the gold color through summer. These are bold plants that establish a commanding presence, made even more arresting by the large, upright clusters of small white flowers in summer. Site in part to full shade, ideally in rich, organic soil, though plants tolerate a range of soil types, and, expect a mature size of 6' high with a colonizing spread of around 3-4' wide. Zone 4.

Arenaria alfacarensis New    This alpine originated in Spain and features tight, compact buns of tiny, triangular grayish green foliage. Stemless, white flowers in summer. Grows to just 2” tall by 6” wide. Well-suited to troughs or crevices in the rockery.

Armeria (Thrift)    Another gem for the rock garden or the front of the border.  Foliage resembles tidy clumps of grass, from the depths of which appear armies of carmine, pea-sized buds that burst open to melon ball-sized, fluffy, pink globes held just above the foliage on wiry stems.  Tolerant of poor, even saline soil conditions.  While some plants may suffer from familiarity, such is not the case for me with this little beauty.  I like it just as much now as I did when I first saw it twenty five years ago.  Zone 4. FullSun-s Drip Drip2 

Armeria maritima ‘Rubrifolia’     Shiny red-purple, grass-like foliage and very cute little pink "buttons" that bubble up in profusion from the thick foliage tufts. Blooms with little care from May-June. Full sun, average, well-drained soil. Looks right at home in the rock garden, inserted between stepping stones, and in mixed containers. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Armeria pseudarmeria Ballerina Red 175

Armeria pseudarmeria ‘Ballerina Red’     Compared to Armeria splendens types, ‘Ballerina Red’ is larger in both foliage and flower production. Strap-like foliage forms a medium sized mound from which stiff flower stems rise well above the foliage. Long blooming and heavy flowering. Deadheading will encourage rebloom. Flower color is more dusty salmon than red and has connoisseur-designer-color written all over it. Up to 1½’ tall. Easy and long blooming in sun, in average, well-drained soil. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Artemisia    Outstanding foliage plants, mostly silver, that make excellent foils for both hot and cool colors. With the exception of A. lactiflora, Artemisias love hot, sunny sites with good drainage.  FullSun-s Drip Drip2

Artemisia 'Powis Castle'

arborescens 'Powis Castle'    A 30in. soft mound of fine, gray-green , feathery foliage.  A terrific foil for almost any sun loving, flowering perennial.  We use it a lot throughout our borders and it always looks great.  I especially like it for those times when I'm in a hurry and out of inspiration.  Stick in one of these babies and you're done!  Requires good drainage in full sun. Zone 6. 

    schmidtiana 'Nana'     Strictly a foliage plant, but what foliage! Its compact mound of fine textured, glistening silver foliage is cherished by gardeners every where. At 6" tall by 10" wide its perfect for inserting between rocks at the front of borders, for edging walks, for adding texture and contrast to herb gardens and for mixed container plantings. Its two main requirements are hot, full sun and average, well-drained ,(dry), soil. If during the heat and humidity of summer plants should "open up" in the center, just gather up the foliage and cut it off at ground level. In a very short time you'll have fresh new growth to see you through the rest of the season.

Arum italicum

Aruncus (Goatsbeard)    Goatsbeard can make spectacular specimens, attaining shrub-size (with the exception of A. aethusifolius, the most petite and refined species of the genus) in relatively short order.  Even moisture is key, so afternoon shade is generally the best location. FullSun-s PartialShade-s FullShade-s Drip2 Drip3 scissors

Aruncus aethu fall color 10-16 175

aethusifolius     A miniature Goatsbeard forming a tight, low mound of crisp, mint-green foliage, 8-10” tall by 2’ wide. In mid-spring, appropriately miniature and very appealing, creamy-white panicles overspread the tight foliage mounds. Suitable for the the rock garden and the front of the partially shaded border. Zone 3. picture shows autumn color.

    dioicus    A large, imposing plant, 3-5’ tall with creamy white, Astilbe-like plumes, June-July. Looks like a giant Astilbe and should be treated like one by being given rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil in sun or shade. This is a large stately plant, a heavy hitter that establishes a strong presence at the back of the partial shade border.

    dioicus ‘Child of Two Worlds’      A compact variety of goat’s beard that grows to around 30" tall with dark green, astilbe-like leaves from which arise sturdy flower stalks carrying dense, 7" long, creamy-white, drooping panicles in late spring. Creates a dramatic presence at the back of the shade garden when in bloom. Best in afternoon to full shade with rich, reasonably moist soil. Zone 3.      

Asarum canadense: find in Woodland Flowers

Asarum europeum

Asarum europaeum (European Ginger)     Dark green, rounded, glossy leaves form tight clumps, 3-4ins high by 12ins. wide. Increases at a slow to moderate rate. Elegant and choice. Zone 4. FullShade-sDrip2 Drip3

Asclepias incarnata ‘Cinderella’    Rosy-purple, vanilla-scented flower heads all summer providing pleasure to the eye and food for butterflies and hummingbirds. 3-4ft. high, sturdy, unbranched stems. Happiest in sun, in wet locations but will readily adapt to drier garden conditions. Zone 4.

Asclepias purpurescens

Asclepias purpurascens    3-4in. wide, purple-pink flower heads on 3ft. upright stems, May-July. Leaves are thick textured, blue-green and plants have a refinement that meets the standard for use in the mixed perennial border. A big favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds, native. Grow in sun, in average, well drained soil. Zone 3.


Asclepias tuberosa

Asclepias tuberosa, (Butterfly Flower)    Brilliant orange flower heads in summer, 2', outstanding wildflower. Requires well drained soil, tolerates poor, dry conditions and drought. Late to emerge in spring so try to mark its location. Irrisistable to butterflies and hummingbirds and many other pollinators. Full sun. Zone 4. FullSun-s Drip Drip2 Butterfly 01-Hummingbirdsscissors

Aster ageratoides Starshine 175

Aster ageratoides ‘Starshine’    (Japanese Aster) Compact, deep green, disease-free foliage is blanketed in white daisy-like flowers with a yellow eye, midsummer into fall. Very tidy habit requiring no pinching to keep plants compact. 1’ tall by 2’ wide. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant. Zone 4.

    azureus (Symphyotrichum oolentangiense)   The Sky Blue Aster is just the plant for that troublsome dry, infertile garden patch where nothing else will take hold. It's a native, erect growing Aster reaching 2-3' high, possibly 4' with the bulk of it's leaves concentrated toward the bottom of the stems. In the fall, 1" wide, clear lavender/blue, yellow centered flowers bloom in clusters at the ends of the stems. So, not only does this aster provide lavender/blue flowers late in the season when gardeners are desperate for color, but, it's a no-nonsense survivor that will perform consistently in sandy, infertile, moist,(so long as it's very well drained), to dry soil. Full sun to light shade. Zone 3.

    cordifolius ‘Little Carlow’ New    Thanks to a Vermont gardener for sharing this nice Aster with us. At 3’ tall it’s not little, but the more the better with this handsome late summer into Oct. bloomer with large clusters of flowers that are more blue than lavender, with yellow centers. Dark green foliage lines the sturdy stems providing an attractive for the flowers. Brightens the late season garden and looks good anywhere in the border when given full sun and average/good, well-drained soil. Provides late-season nourishment for butterflies. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

    ericoides ‘Snowflurry’    Differently looking from what we expect to see in an Aster, with finely textured foliage on woody, spreading, arching branches that form a prostrate mound with sprays of tiny white flowers that blanket the foliage in September providing a much needed late season meal for Monarchs as they fuel up for their arduous migration south. 6-8" tall with a much wider spread. Mildew resistant and drought tolerant. For a full sun, well-drained location at the front of the border in open ground or cascading over edging stones. Attracts butterflies. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

Aster 'Alma'

novae-angliae 'Alma Potschke’    3-4ft. plants with bright, rose-pink flowers from late August into fall. This is a large plant that benefis from a one time, decisive cutting back of the whole plant, or a series of pinchings which should stop by the middle of July to allow for the production of flower buds. One of the best sources of bright pink for the fall garden.


    olongifolius ‘Dream of Beauty’   Masses of sugar-pink flowers with burnt orange centers in fall. 12”-15” tall by 24” wide, and at least twice as wide once established. Easy to grow almost anywhere, performing well in a wide range of soil types. Has been called a “Heroic Performer” in the fall garden. Allow plenty of room for this easy-care, blooming machine. Zone 4.

    oblongifolius ‘October Skies’    Short, bushy plants with fragrant foliage and sky-blue, daisy-like flowers that are bluer than those of Aster o. ‘Raydon’s Favorite’. Blooms September-October. Very tolerant of drought and poor soil. One of the best season-extenders for gardeners who refuse to go gently into the long, non-gardening months of winter. Easy and space-filling in the sunny border and, because of its low, spreading habit and tolerance of poor, dry soil, it could be used for ground-cover on sites where little else would grow. 18-24” tall with a spread of 3’ or more. Zone 5.

  • oblongifolius ‘Raydons Favorite’     Medium blue, fine textured flowers cover every inch of this aster in September & October Very undemanding in average soil with full sun, tolerates dryer locations. 3' tall with an inclination to gradually widen. Clumps are easily reduced back to a reasonable size through spring crown division using a garden spade, or, my favorite new tool, a 10lb. fiberglass-handled mattock. An outstanding late season bloomer, especially useful in demanding sites that would not support fussier plants. Also a good choice for the rigors of a medow garden. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant. Zone 3.
  • ‘Woods Purple’(novi belgii)     This aster presents a neat, compact habit and exceptional mildew and rust resistance, not to mention the abundance of rich purple, yellow-centered flowers in Aug.-Sept. 2' high. Attracts butterflies, deer resistant. Zone 3.    

    x ericoides ‘Bridal Veil’ New   Think of ‘Bridal Veil’ as a larger version of ‘Snow Flurry’. Upright, mounding and, as the season progresses, arching nicely to assume a graceful weeping form, 2’ tall by 4’ wide. late blooming, reaching peak bloom in early October when it is covered, top to bottom, with ½” white flowers. An exciting addition to the autumn mix. Invites butterflies, hummingbirds and many other pollinators to a late season nectar banquet. Zone 4.

    x frikartii ‘Monch’    Lovely, deep blue daisies with yellow centers, blooms all summer. One of the longest blooming perennials that more than earns its purchase price with its bountiful and extended production of beautiful blue daisies. 12-18ins. high. Easy in sun, in good, well drained soil. If all else fails, Aster x frikartii and Rudbeckia hirta,(Gloriosa Daisy), will get you through the season!

ASTILBE     Astilbes are hard to beat for the flare and shear abundance of their brightly colored plumes. Plant them in sun where moisture is plentiful, otherwise part shade is recommended where they'll do better with less water.  Depending on variety, bloom can be had from spring into mid summer.  Older plants can be lifted and divided in mid summer without skipping a beat.  This is a perennial that has it all - wonderful bloom, excellent foliage and ease of propagation. FullSun-s PartialShade-s FullShade-s Drip2 Drip3 scissors

    ‘Amethyst’     3’-3½‘ tall, with finely dissected foliage that becomes smaller and less dense toward the tops of the strongly upright stems. Flowers are light lavender, in medium sized, triangular plumes, late blooming, July into Aug. The overall effect is definitely that of strong, vertical accent. 

    ‘Bressingham Beauty’   Long, gracefully arching plumes of bright salmon-rose over attractively dissected, green foliage, 36”-40”tall, blooms in July.

Astilbe c Amber Moon 175

Astilbbe chinensis ‘Amber Moon’    In spring, foliage emerges radiant chartreuse yellow with a tinge of red. As summer approaches, the foliage turns to chartreuse green topped by tall, strong, blush red stems carrying rose pink plumes that are excellent for cutting, 34”-38” tall. Blooms mid to late season,(July) and shows best color, (foliage and flower), in shade, with average to good, evenly moist soil. Zone 4.  

    chinensis ‘Milk and Honey’      A white Astilbe that holds up under sun and mild drought! Creamy white plumes turn light pink as they age. Thick stemmed and sturdy yet evincing a delicate airiness, with foliage that’s somewhat marbled with green & silver when young. A vigorous grower and prolific bloomer. 30” tall. Zone 4.

    chinensis ‘Little Visions in Pink’   A compact version of the classic ‘Visions in Pink’ that only grows to 1-2’ high. Dense spikes of pale pink flowers bloom in July and eventually fade to green rather than the more usual brown. An exciting addition to the ‘Vision’ series with a new, lower habit, and light pink flowers that fade to an attractive green.

    chinensis ‘little Visions in Purple’     Fragrant, vibrant, raspberry-purple, stiffly upright plumes in July-Aug. 1’-2’ tall with attractive bronze-green foliage. Hard to beat for the shear abundance of their brightly colored plumes and their ability to prosper under less than ideal conditions. Plant them in sun where the soil is evenly moist, otherwise plant them in part shade where they can get by with less water. Older plants can be lifted and divided in late summer without skipping a beat. This is a perennial that has it all - wonderful bloom, excellent foliage, and it' so easy to grow and increase.

Astilbe chinensis 'Visions in Red'

chinensis 'Visions in Red'    Vibrant, wine red flowers open from deep red buds. The bronze/green foliage contrasts nicely with the red stems. 15ins. high. Blooms early summer on strong, upright stems.

chinensis ‘Visions in White’    Soft white plumes bloom May-July above lacy, deep green foliage. Grows 20-30” tall with a sturdy, upright habit and exhibits the same exceptional garden performance as the other members of the ‘Vision’ series.

Astilbe Delft Lace 175 #2

‘Delft Lace’    An outstanding Astilbe with exceptionally attractive flowers and foliage.  In mid July, just when many other Astilbies are beginning to fade, ‘Delft Lace’ is just coming into full bloom. Red stems carry panicles of deep salmon pink buds that open to soft apricot pink flowers. Forms a robust clump of lacy, deep blue-green, glossy foliage that takes on burgundy tones in fall. 2-3’ tall. Its later bloom injects a splash of color into gardens that may be too heavily focused on spring bloom.

Astilbe ‘Mont Blanc’    If you’re still not convinced that green flowers are beautiful, the two-tone plumes of this astilbe is sure to bring you around. Green buds open to white flowers carried high on tall, 40” stems, June-August. Best flowering in sun with rich, evenly moist soil or in part shade where less moisture is required. Deer resistant. 

Astilbe 'Montgomery'

‘Montgomery’    Dark, intensely red, generously fluffed out plumes on lower growing, 20in. stems. This is a solid, bright red Astilbe that rivals A. ‘Fanal’ for color saturation. Blooms June-July.


    ‘Peach Blossom’   Fragrant, salmon pink, beefy plumes lend a frothy appearance to the flower display.  2' tall. For sun, with rich, evenly moist soil, or for part shade where moisture requiremints are reduced. Impressive when planted in drifts. Combines nicely with Heliopsis 'Tuscan Sun' and the early blooming Phlox 'Minnie Pearl. 'Peach Blossom' is the only Astilbe we'll be carrying this year that has a suggestion of the color salmon in its flower. Zone 4.

    ‘Rhineland’ (japonica)    Clear, rich rose spikes over glossy, medium green foliage, 24ins. tall. Heavy blooming and very early. A beautiful Astilbe that has withstood the test of time and earned "classic" status.

    simplicifolia ‘Hennie Graafland’     Small growing and later blooming with open, airy, rosy-red plumes over finely divided, dark green foliage, 1'-1½' tall. Blooms July-Aug.

    simplicifolia ‘Sprite’    A dwarf astilbe with shell-pink flowers in gracefully drooping panicles carried on strong, wiry stems. Foliage is highly ornamental, glossy, dark green and deeply toothed to the point of resembling a miniature version of the leaves of Japanese Cut-leafed Maples. 12-15" tall. Blooms mid to late summer. Zone 4.

    ‘Snowdrift’ (Arendsii group)     Pure white, full, feathery flower plumes on 14" stems, June-July. A Blooms of Bressingham selection.

    thunbergii ‘Chocolate Shogun’    Shiny, deep burgundy foliage holds its color all season long and, starting in late June forms the backdrop for the blush pink flowers that are held in airy, loose sprays above the delicious foliage. 2’ tall. This is the darkest leafed Astilbe, so far!  

Astilbe 'Ostrich Plume'

x thunbergii 'Straussenfeder' ('Ostrich Feather')     Tall, gracefully drooping, salmon-pink plumes in June-July.  A special, distinctive Astilbe with plumes that put one in mind of annual Amaranths. 36-40” tall.

    Younique ‘Carmine’   An abundance of fuchsia-red blooms on compact plants, 1-1½’ tall. Blooms late June through July. High impact, really effective in larger drifts. Grow in sun in rich, organic soil with consistent moisture.

    Younique ‘Cerise’   High flower counts and compact foliage. 'Cerise' is more compact than most other astilbe with cherry red buds that open to hot pink flowers. Creates a big, flashy impact for such a little plant. Really effective in larger groupings. Grow in sun in rich, organic soil with consistent moisture.

Asphodeline lutea New   1’ tall basal tufts of thin, upright foliage give rise, in late spring, to 4’ tall spears topped with yellow flowers. Somewhat resembles Liatris. For sun, with evenly moist, especially well-drained soil. Zone 6a (-10 to -5).

Astilboides tabularis

Astilboides (Rodgersia) tabularis     Large, rounded, dark green leaves up to 3' across! Very architectural and fanciful. Creamy white, astilbe-like flower plumes are carried above the leaves in June-July but the eye-catching feature of this plant is the foliage.  Grows 3' high and wide. Requires rich, organic soil that's evenly moist but not soggy. Part to heavier shade is where they're usually sited but sun is ok as long as the soil remains consistently moist. An excellent choice for pond or stream side planting. Always dramatic and attention-getting and very effective combined with plants of contrasting texture such as Variegated Solomon's Seal, burgundy leaved Cimicifuga, and Japanese Silver Painted Ferns. Zones 5-7.


Astrantia (Masterwort)    Astrantias prefer moist, partially shady areas with abundant organic matter. The showy flower heads are surrounded by a "collar" of bracts, creating a star-like effect. Very long-blooming and long-lasting as cut flowers. FullSun-s  PartialShade-s Drip3 Butterfly scissors

    ‘Roma’     A long blooming, vigorous variety with large, silver-pink flower heads with deep pink centers, June-Sept. 24ins. tall. All masterworts make excellent cut flowers. Zone 4.

    ‘Star of Billion’     Said to bloom well through the heat of summer with silvery-white flowers produced in abundance in June and then intermittently through summer. 1’-2’ tall. Zone 4.

Aurinia (Formerly Alyssum) (Basket of Gold)    Great for edging, rock gardens, rock walls. Gray-green foliage spread readily into mats, which positively glow when in flower. Needs excellent drainage. Cut back after flowering.  Hardy to zone 3. FullSun-s Drip Drip2 Butterfly

Aurinia saxitilis 'Compacta'

saxatilis ‘Summit’   Compact growing and much longer blooming than other selections. Thrives in hot sun and poor to average, well drained soil making it the perfect candidate for rock gardens, for the tops of retaining walls and for the very front of the mixed border where its early, bright yellow flowers will get spring started with a bang!

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Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


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P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066



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