Bay State Perennial Farm

Dryopteris ery Brilliance lg vert

Dryopteris erythrosora ‘Brilliance’

Adiantum pedatum

Adiantum pedatum (Maidenhair Fern)   Dainty, fan-shaped leaves create a delicate drift that belies this plant's hardiness. Graceful 12-20" fronds. Clump-forming. Contributes a unique texture to the shade garden. Easy to grow and, once established, increases moderately fast by underground stems. Native. Zone 2.

Adiantum venustum New   (Himalayan Maidenhair Fern)  A miniature version of our native Maidenhair Fern. Very dainty and delicate with intricate fronds of medium green. Only 10" high, slowly spreading. Semi-evergreen. Zone 4.

Athyrium ‘Cruciato-Cristatum’ Dre’s Dagger   (Victoria fern) A more compact form of the sought after Victoria fern. The thin, deep green fronds are unusually criss-crossed and narrowly pointed at the tips. Delicate and slow growing, it brings elegance to any shaded or morning-sun location in rich soil 18ins. tall. Zone 3.

Athyrium 'Ghost'

filix-femina x niponicum 'Ghost'   Clump forming and rigidly upright to 3ft. Fronds have a similar pattern to those of the Japanese Painted Fern but with a more pronounced silver overlay.

    filix-femina ‘Minutissima’      (Dwarf Lady Fern)  A compact clone of the native Lady Fern that quickly develops a lush cover of soft, rich green fronds,only 6-12ins. tall and wide. Zone 4.

    niponicum ‘Burgundy Lace’   Rich burgundy fronds with silver stripes along the veins and at the tips of the pinnae, (leaflets), turning silvery green with purple midribs. Be patient, for it may take a couple of years for the rich, full color to solidify. Well worth the wait!

    niponicum ‘Pictum’      (Japanese Painted Fern)  Tri-colored fronds of burgundy, silver and dark green grow in a beautiful mound, 18-24". Zone 4.

Dennstaedtia punctilobula     (Hay-scented Fern)  Light green, soft, airy textured fronds that belie the tough-as-nails, aggressive nature of this fern. As far as we can tell, it is indestructible and unstoppable almost anywhere in light shade to full sun, on wet or dry, rich or not-so-rich soil. We would recommend it for groundcover use only and, indeed, in this application it can be most effective, even spectacular, creating large, delicately textured drifts. 18-24ins. high. Zone 4.

Dryopteris dilitata ‘Jimmy Dyce’    A medium-sized fern with firm an upright growth habit. Mature plants form an attractive domed crown from which the broad rich green fronds emerge, 18”-24” tall by 12”-18” wide. Plants are more sun and drought tolerant than most ferns. Excellent for mass plantings in the shady landscape or naturalizing in the woodland garden. Best in part to full shade with reasonably moist soil. Zone 4.

Dryopteris erythrosora ‘Brilliance’  A better autumn fern with lustrous young orange fronds that contrast beautifully with the glossy, deeper green mature fronds. Best leaf color is achieved in bright morning light followed by afternoon shade. 15ins. tall.

Dryopteris marginalis (Leatherwood Fern)    1-2' dark blue-green , evergreen fronds. Very attractive and sturdy, zone 4. 

Matteuccia struthiopteris ‘Jumbo’   With its grand vase-shaped habit of tall, gracefully arching fronds, this Ostrich fern present a very serene, architecturally pleasing display. However, like all Ostrich ferns, it does tend to colonize rapidly by underground stems and this can be a problem if it’s used in formal, mixed beds. It can also be a great asset when planted in areas where it grows best, such as swamps, river and pond banks and moist woodlands, and given free rein to run wild and beautify places that would present a challenge to other less rugged survivors. Large and impressive, reaching anywhere from 4-5’ high or even higher. Completely hardy and indestructible.

Osmunda cinnamonea (Cinnamon Fern)   2', new growth resembles cinnamon sticks which then become enveloped in medium green fronds. Zone 3.

Osmunda claytoniana New    (Interrupted Fern) A majestic fern, growing to 4' tall. Resembles cinnamon fern, but is distinct in having the frond 'Interrupted' in the middle by the sporangia, 4' tall. Native. Deer resistant. Zone 3.

Osmunda regalis     The Royal Fern is a large, stately fern well suited for specimen planting. Fronds are unlike those of many other ferns in being doubly compound, (they remind me of scaled down Honey locust leaves), and of a bright green to yellow green color, clumped together with an open, regal air. Fall color is a definite asset as fronds turn an intense yellow or yellow-amber in autumn. Also attractive are the tall, russet colored spore-bearing panicles that rise from the center of the clump. This fern likes water and acid soil and does especially well near ponds and streams but also in consistently moist, acidic garden soil. Completely hardy. Zone 3.

Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas Fern)    2' high and wide, with dark green, evergreen fronds. The more moisture, the more sun it can tolerate.  In photo, plants are making themselves at home in a crevice in a granite boulder in southern Vermont. Zones 3-9.

Polystichum makinoi     (Holly Fern) 2’ tall by 2’ wide, clumping, with very attractive, thick-textured, evergreen, glossy fronds. Native to the mountains of the Far East. Deer resistant. Zone 5a.

Polystichum polyblepharum (Japanese Tassel Fern)     1’-2’ tall with very attractive, glossy, dark green fronds, year round. Deer resistant. Zone 5.

Thelypteris decursive pinnata 175

Thelypteris decursive-pinnata (Japanese Beech Fern) New     a vigorous spreader with beautiful, graceful fronds, producing large colonies in moist or average shade. New growth is sent out on short runners which are easy to control if less spread is wanted. Arching fronds are a lustrous dark green and have a lighter green underside for a unique display. Japanese Beech Fern appreciates a little extra moisture in the soil to perform best, although it is not necessary for plant health and appearance. 18-24” tall, with a spreading habit. Zone 4.


Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066



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